Proverbs 4:17
New International Version
They eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

New Living Translation
They eat the food of wickedness and drink the wine of violence!

English Standard Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

Berean Study Bible
since they eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

New American Standard Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness And drink the wine of violence.

New King James Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence.

King James Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Christian Standard Bible
They eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

Contemporary English Version
Their food and drink are cruelty and wickedness.

Good News Translation
Wickedness and violence are like food and drink to them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

International Standard Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and they drink the wine of violence.

NET Bible
For they eat bread gained from wickedness and drink wine obtained from violence.

New Heart English Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because their food is the food of evil and they drink the wine of depravity.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They eat food obtained through wrongdoing and drink wine obtained through violence.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence.

New American Standard 1977
For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

King James 2000 Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

American King James Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

American Standard Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For these live upon the bread of ungodliness, and are drunken with wine of transgression.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of iniquity.

Darby Bible Translation
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

English Revised Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Webster's Bible Translation
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

World English Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Young's Literal Translation
For they have eaten bread of wickedness, And wine of violence they drink.
Study Bible
A Father's Instruction
16For they cannot sleep unless they do evil, they are deprived of slumber until they make someone fall, 17since they eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence. 18The path of the righteous is like the first gleam of dawn, shining brighter and brighter until midday.…
Cross References
Proverbs 13:2
From the fruit of his lips a man will enjoy good things, but the desire of the faithless is violence.

Micah 7:3
Both hands are skilled at evil; the prince and the judge demand a bribe; when the powerful utters his evil desire, they all conspire together.

Treasury of Scripture

For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Proverbs 9:17
Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.

Proverbs 20:17
Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.

Job 24:5,6
Behold, as wild asses in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising betimes for a prey: the wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children…







Lexicon
since
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they eat
לָ֭חֲמוּ (lā·ḥă·mū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

the bread
לֶ֣חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

of wickedness
רֶ֑שַׁע (re·ša‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7562: Wickedness

and drink
יִשְׁתּֽוּ׃ (yiš·tū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8354: To imbibe

the wine
וְיֵ֖ין (wə·yên)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

of violence.
חֲמָסִ֣ים (ḥă·mā·sîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain
(17) The bread of wickedness.--i.e., acquired by wickedness, as (Proverbs 10:2) "treasures of wickedness."

Verse 17. - For (ki, equivalent to the Greek γὰρ) is here explanatory. It serves not so much to introduce another independent statement, as one which accounts for the statement made in the preceding verse, that the wicked sleep not unless they have done mischief, i.e. it states the reason why they are so conditioned. There is no comparison expressed in the original, as the rendering adopted by Schultens and others implies, "For wickedness do they eat as bread, and violence do they drink as wine," which is evidently based on Job 15:16, "Which drinketh up iniquity like water," and Job 34:7, "Who drinketh up scorning like water." The literal rendering is, for they eat the bread of wickedness, and the wine of violence do they drink. The bread of wickedness (lekhem resha) is not bread which consists in wickedness, but bread which is obtained by wickedness, just as the wine of violence (yiyin khamasim) is not the wine which produces violence, but the wine that is procured by violent dee,is. Their support, what they eat and drink, is obtained by wickedness and injustice. They live by wrong. For such expressions as "the bread of wickedness" and "the wine of violence," cf. Deuteronomy 16:3, "the bread of affliction;" Psalm 127:2, "the bread of sorrows;" and Amos 2:8, "the wine of the condemned." There is a charade of tense in the verbs, the first being perfect, "they have eaten," and the second future, "they shall drink," which Delitzsch explains as representing the twofold act - first eating the bread, and then washing it down with wine. 4:14-27 The way of evil men may seem pleasant, and the nearest way to compass some end; but it is an evil way, and will end ill; if thou love thy God and thy soul, avoid it. It is not said, Keep at a due distance, but at a great distance; never think you can get far enough from it. The way of the righteous is light; Christ is their Way, and he is the Light. The saints will not be perfect till they reach heaven, but there they shall shine as the sun in his strength. The way of sin is as darkness. The way of the wicked is dark, therefore dangerous; they fall into sin, but know not how to avoid it. They fall into trouble, but never seek to know wherefore God contends with them, nor what will be in the end of it. This is the way we are bid to shun. Attentive hearing the word of God, is a good sign of a work of grace begun in the heart, and a good means of carrying it on. There is in the word of God a proper remedy for all diseases of the soul. Keep thy heart with all diligence. We must set a strict guard upon our souls; keep our hearts from doing hurt, and getting hurt. A good reason is given; because out of it are the issues of life. Above all, we should seek from the Lord Jesus that living water, the sanctifying Spirit, issuing forth unto everlasting life. Thus we shall be enabled to put away a froward mouth and perverse lips; our eyes will be turned from beholding vanity, looking straight forward, and walking by the rule of God's word, treading in the steps of our Lord and Master. Lord, forgive the past, and enable us to follow thee more closely for the time to come.
Jump to Previous
Acts Bread Drink Eat Eaten Evil-Doing Food Violence Violent Wickedness Wine
Jump to Next
Acts Bread Drink Eat Eaten Evil-Doing Food Violence Violent Wickedness Wine
Links
Proverbs 4:17 NIV
Proverbs 4:17 NLT
Proverbs 4:17 ESV
Proverbs 4:17 NASB
Proverbs 4:17 KJV

Proverbs 4:17 Bible Apps
Proverbs 4:17 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 4:17 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 4:17 French Bible
Proverbs 4:17 German Bible

Alphabetical: and bread drink eat For of the They violence wickedness wine

OT Poetry: Proverbs 4:17 For they eat the bread of wickedness (Prov. Pro Pr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Proverbs 4:16
Top of Page
Top of Page