John 2:14
New International Version
In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money.

New Living Translation
In the Temple area he saw merchants selling cattle, sheep, and doves for sacrifices; he also saw dealers at tables exchanging foreign money.

English Standard Version
In the temple he found those who were selling oxen and sheep and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there.

Berean Study Bible
In the temple courts He found men selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and money changers seated at their tables.

Berean Literal Bible
And He found in the temple those selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers sitting.

New American Standard Bible
And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables.

King James Bible
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Christian Standard Bible
In the temple he found people selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and he also found the money changers sitting there.

Contemporary English Version
There he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves in the temple. He also saw moneychangers sitting at their tables.

Good News Translation
There in the Temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and pigeons, and also the moneychangers sitting at their tables.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the temple complex He found people selling oxen, sheep, and doves, and He also found the money changers sitting there.

International Standard Version
In the Temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, as well as moneychangers sitting at their tables.

NET Bible
He found in the temple courts those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers sitting at tables.

New Heart English Bible
And he found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the money changers sitting.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he found in The Temple those that were selling lambs, sheep and doves, and there were money exchangers sitting.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He found those who were selling cattle, sheep, and pigeons in the temple courtyard. He also found moneychangers sitting there.

New American Standard 1977
And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers seated.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated;

King James 2000 Bible
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

American King James Version
And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

American Standard Version
And he found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he found in the temple them that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting.

Darby Bible Translation
And he found in the temple the sellers of oxen and sheep and doves, and the money-changers sitting;

English Revised Version
And he found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Webster's Bible Translation
And found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the changers of money, sitting:

Weymouth New Testament
And He found in the Temple the dealers in cattle and sheep and in pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there.

World English Bible
He found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, and doves, and the changers of money sitting.

Young's Literal Translation
and he found in the temple those selling oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the money-changers sitting,
Study Bible
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
13When the Jewish Passover was near, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14In the temple courts He found men selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and money changers seated at their tables. 15So He made a whip out of cords and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle. He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.…
Cross References
Ezekiel 36:38
Like the numerous flocks for sacrifices at Jerusalem during her appointed feasts, so the ruined cities will be filled with flocks of people. Then they will know that I am the LORD.'"

Malachi 3:1
"Behold, I will send My messenger, who will prepare the way before Me. Then the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to His temple--the Messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight--see, He is coming," says the LORD of Hosts.

Matthew 21:12
Then Jesus went into the temple courts and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those selling doves.

Mark 11:15
When they arrived in Jerusalem, Jesus entered the temple courts and began to drive out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those selling doves.

Mark 11:17
Then He began to teach them and declare, "Is it not written: 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations'? But you have made it 'a den of robbers.'"

Luke 19:45
Then Jesus entered the temple courts and began to drive out those who were selling there.

John 2:15
So He made a whip out of cords and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle. He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.

Treasury of Scripture

And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting:

Deuteronomy 14:23-26
And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always…

Matthew 21:12
And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves,

Mark 11:15
And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves;







Lexicon
In
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

temple courts
ἱερῷ (hierō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2411: Neuter of hieros; a sacred place, i.e. The entire precincts of the Temple.

He found
εὗρεν (heuren)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2147: A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find.

[men]
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

selling
πωλοῦντας (pōlountas)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4453: To sell, exchange, barter. Probably ultimately from pelomai; to barter, i.e. To sell.

cattle,
βόας (boas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1016: An ox, cow, bull. Probably from the base of bosko; an ox, i.e. An animal of that species.

sheep,
πρόβατα (probata)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4263: A sheep. Probably neuter of a presumed derivative of probaino; something that walks forward, i.e., a sheep.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

doves,
περιστερὰς (peristeras)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4058: A dove, pigeon. Of uncertain derivation; a pigeon.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

money changers
κερματιστὰς (kermatistas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2773: From a derivative of kerma; a handler of coins, i.e. Money-broker.

seated [at their tables].
καθημένους (kathēmenous)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2521: To sit, be seated, enthroned; I dwell, reside. From kata; and hemai; to sit down; figuratively, to remain, reside.
Verse 14. - He found in the temple (ἱερόν); the vast enclosure, surrounded by colonnades, where the courts of the Gentiles were situated beyond and outside the courts of "the women" and "the priests." Within the latter was the sanctuary (ναός), or sacred adytum, where the altars of sacrifice and incense faced the veil of the holiest of all. In the court of the temple had been allowed a secular market for sacrificial beasts. An exchange for money was also set up,where Jews were ready to furnish, on usurious terms, the proper coin, the sacred half shekel (value, one shilling and threepence), in which form alone was the temple tax received from the provincial visitors or pilgrims from distant lands. No coin bearing the image of Caesar, or any foreign prince, or any idolatrous symbol then so common, would be allowed in the sacred treasury. So the Lord found those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the exchangers of money sitting; a busy bazaar, deteriorating the idea of the temple with adverse associations. The three sacrificial animals mentioned were those most frequently required. The strangers, doubtless, needed some market where these could be obtained, and where the sufficient guarantee of their freedom from blemish could be secured. It was also indispensable that exchange of coins should have been made feasible for the host of strangers. The profanation effected by transacting these measures in the temple courts was symptomatic of widespread secularism, an outward indication of the corruption of the entire idea of worship, and of the selfishness and pride which had vitiated the solemnity and spirituality of the sacrificial ritual. Geikie has given a very brilliant description of this scene; so also Edersheim, 'Life of Jesus the Messiah.' The money (κέρμα) was probably derived from a word (κείρω) meaning "to cut," and referred to the minute coins which were required for convenient exchange. The κόλλυβος, which gives its name to κολλυβιστής of the following verse, is also the name of a small (κολοβός, equivalent to "mutilated") coin used for purposes of exchange. The smaller the coin the better, as the minute differences of weight of the foreign coins would thus be more easily measured. 2:12-22 The first public work in which we find Christ engaged, was driving from the temple the traders whom the covetous priests and rulers encouraged to make a market-place of its courts. Those now make God's house a house of merchandise, whose minds are filled with cares about worldly business when attending religious exercises, or who perform Divine offices for love of gain. Christ, having thus cleansed the temple, gave a sign to those who demanded it, to prove his authority for so doing. He foretells his death by the Jews' malice, Destroy ye this temple; I will permit you to destroy it. He foretells his resurrection by his own power; In three days I will raise it up. Christ took again his own life. Men mistake by understanding that according to the letter, which the Scripture speaks by way of figure. When Jesus was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered he has said this. It helps much in understanding the Divine word, to observe the fulfilling of the Scriptures.
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