Job 33:23
New International Version
Yet if there is an angel at their side, a messenger, one out of a thousand, sent to tell them how to be upright,

New Living Translation
"But if an angel from heaven appears--a special messenger to intercede for a person and declare that he is upright--

English Standard Version
If there be for him an angel, a mediator, one of the thousand, to declare to man what is right for him,

Berean Study Bible
Yet if there is a messenger on his side, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a man what is right for him,

New American Standard Bible
"If there is an angel as mediator for him, One out of a thousand, To remind a man what is right for him,

King James Bible
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:

Christian Standard Bible
If there is an angel on his side, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a person what is right for him

Contemporary English Version
One of a thousand angels then comes to our rescue by saying we are innocent.

Good News Translation
Perhaps an angel may come to their aid--one of God's thousands of angels, who remind us of our duty.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If there is an angel on his side, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a person what is right for him

International Standard Version
"If there's a messenger appointed to mediate for Job —one out of a thousand— to represent the man's integrity on his behalf,

NET Bible
If there is an angel beside him, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a person what constitutes his uprightness;

New Heart English Bible
"If there is beside him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man what is right for him;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If they have a messenger for them, a spokesman, one in a thousand, to tell people what is right for them,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If there be for him an angel, An intercessor, one among a thousand, To vouch for a man's uprightness;

New American Standard 1977
“If there is an angel as mediator for him, One out of a thousand, To remind a man what is right for him,

Jubilee Bible 2000
If there is a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show unto man his uprightness;

King James 2000 Bible
If there be a messenger with him, a mediator, one of a thousand, to show unto man his uprightness:

American King James Version
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man his uprightness:

American Standard Version
If there be with him an angel, An interpreter, one among a thousand, To show unto man what is right for him;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Though there should be a thousand messengers of death, not one of them shall wound him: if he should purpose in his heart to turn to the Lord, and declare to man his fault, and shew his folly;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If there shall be an angel speaking for him, one among thousands, to declare man's uprightness,

Darby Bible Translation
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his duty;

English Revised Version
If there be with him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man what is right for him;

Webster's Bible Translation
If there is a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man his uprightness:

World English Bible
"If there is beside him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man what is right for him;

Young's Literal Translation
If there is by him a messenger, An interpreter -- one of a thousand, To declare for man his uprightness:
Study Bible
Elihu Rebukes Job
22He draws near to the Pit, and his life to the messengers of death. 23Yet if there is a messenger on his side, one mediator out of a thousand, to tell a man what is right for him, 24to be gracious to him and say, ‘Spare him from going down to the Pit; I have found his ransom,’…
Cross References
Genesis 40:8
"We both had dreams," they replied, "but there is no one to interpret them." Then Joseph said to them, "Don't interpretations belong to God? Tell me your dreams."

Isaiah 59:16
He saw that there was no man--He was amazed that there was no one to intercede; so His own arm brought salvation, and His own righteousness sustained Him.

Treasury of Scripture

If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man his uprightness:

a messenger

Judges 2:1
And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.

2 Chronicles 36:15,16
And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: …

Haggai 1:13
Then spake Haggai the LORD'S messenger in the LORD'S message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the LORD.

an interpreter

Job 34:32
That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.

Psalm 94:12
Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law;

Isaiah 61:1-3
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; …

one

Job 9:3
If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.

Ecclesiastes 7:28
Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

Romans 11:13
For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:

to

Job 11:6
And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.

Job 34:10,12
Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity…

Job 35:14
Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, yet judgment is before him; therefore trust thou in him.







Lexicon
Yet if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

there is
יֵ֤שׁ (yêš)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3426: Being, substance, existence, is

a messenger
מַלְאָ֗ךְ (mal·’āḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

on his side,
עָלָ֨יו ׀ (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

one
אֶחָ֥ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

mediator
מֵלִ֗יץ (mê·lîṣ)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3887: Ambassador, have in derision, interpreter, make a mock, mocker

out of
מִנִּי־ (min·nî-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

a thousand,
אָ֑לֶף (’ā·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

to tell
לְהַגִּ֖יד (lə·hag·gîḏ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5046: To be conspicuous

a man
לְאָדָ֣ם (lə·’ā·ḏām)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

what is right for him,
יָשְׁרֽוֹ׃ (yā·šə·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3476: Straightness, uprightness
(23) To show unto man his uprightness.--Some render, "to show unto man what is right for him," but it seems rather to mean, to declare concerning that man his uprightness, to plead his cause before God and be his advocate. (Comp. 1Kings 14:13; 2Chronicles 19:3, &c.)

This angel, who is one among a thousand, and discharges the function of an interpreter, is a remarkable anticipation of the existence of that function with God which is discharged by the Advocate with the Father (1John 2:1; Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25). It is impossible for us who believe that all Scripture is given by inspiration of God not to see in this an indication of what God intended afterwards to teach us concerning the intercession and mediation of the Son and the intercession of the Holy Spirit on behalf of man (Romans 8:26). (Comp. John 14:16.)

Verse 23. - If there be a messenger with him; rather, an angel (see the Revised Version). It is generally supposed that "the angel of the covenant" is meant, and that the whole passage is Messianic; but much obscurity hangs over it. The Jews certainly understand it Messianically, since they read it on the great Day of Atonement, and use in their liturgies the prayer, "Raise up for us the righteous Interpreter; say, I have found a ransom." Elihu's knowledge of an Interpreter, or Mediator, one among a thousand, who should deliver the afflicted man from going down to the pit, and find a ransom for him (ver. 24), is certainly very surprising; and we can scarcely imagine that he understood the full force of his words; but it cannot be right to denude them of their natural signification Elihu certainly did not mean to speak of himself as an "angel-interpreter, one among a thousand;" and it is not probable that he intends a reference to any merely human helper. To show unto man. his uprightness; either "to show to a man what it is right for him to do," or "to indicate to a man in what true righteousness consists." 33:19-28 Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the body for good to the soul. This thought will be of great use for our getting good from sickness, in and by which God speaks to men. Pain is the fruit of sin; yet, by the grace of God, the pain of the body is often made a means of good to the soul. When afflictions have done their work, they shall be removed. A ransom or propitiation is found. Jesus Christ is the Messenger and the Ransom, so Elihu calls him, as Job had called him his Redeemer, for he is both the Purchaser and the Price, the Priest and the sacrifice. So high was the value of souls, that nothing less would redeem them; and so great the hurt done by sin, that nothing less would atone for it, than the blood of the Son of God, who gave his life a ransom for many. A blessed change follows. Recovery from sickness is a mercy indeed, when it proceeds from the remission of sin. All that truly repent of their sins, shall find mercy with God. The works of darkness are unfruitful works; all the gains of sin will come far short of the damage. We must, with a broken and contrite heart, confess our sins to God, 1Jo 1:9. We must confess the fact of sin; and not try to justify or excuse ourselves. We must confess the fault of sin; I have perverted that which was right. We must confess the folly of sin; So foolish have I been and ignorant. Is there not good reason why we should make such a confession?
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