Job 33:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If there be for him an angel, a mediator, one of the thousand, to declare to man what is right for him,

King James Bible
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:

American Standard Version
If there be with him an angel, An interpreter, one among a thousand, To show unto man what is right for him;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If there shall be an angel speaking for him, one among thousands, to declare man's uprightness,

English Revised Version
If there be with him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man what is right for him;

Webster's Bible Translation
If there is a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man his uprightness:

Job 33:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Elihu now describes the first mode in which God speaks to man: He Himself comes forward as a witness in man's sleep, He makes use of dreams or dream-like visions, which come upon one suddenly within the realm of nocturnal thought (vid., Psychol. S. 282f.), as a medium of revelation - a usual form of divine revelation, especially in the heathen world, to which positive revelation is wanting. The reading בּחזיון (Codd., lxx, Syr., Symm., Jer.), as also the accentuation of the בחלום with Mehupach Legarme, proceeds from the correct assumption, that vision of the night and dream are not coincident notions; moreover, the detailing Job 33:15, is formed according to Job 4:13. In this condition of deep or half sleep, revelat aurem hominum, a phrase used of the preparation of the ear for the purpose of hearing by the removal of hindrances, and, in general, of confidential communication, therefore: He opens the ear of men, and seals their admonition, i.e., the admonition that is wholesome and necessary for them. Elihu uses חתם בּ here and Job 37:7 as חתם בּעד is used in Job 9:7 : to seal anything (to seal up), comp. Arab. ḥı̂m, σφραγίζειν, in the sense of infallible attestation and confirmation (John 6:27), especially (with Arab. b) of divine revelation or inspiration, distinct in meaning from Arab. chtm, σφραγίζειν, in the proper sense. Elihu means that by such dreams and visions, as rare overpowering facts not to be forgotten, God puts the seal upon the warning directed to them which, sent forth in any other way, would make no such impression. Most ancient versions (also Luther) translate as though it were יחתּם (lxx ἐξεφόβησεν αὐτούς). מסר is a secondary form to מוּסר, Job 36:10, which occurs only here. Next comes the fuller statement of the object of the admonition or warning delivered in such an impressive manner. According to the text before us, it is to be explained: in order that man may remove (put from himself) mischief from himself (Ges. 133, 3); but this inconvenient change of subject is avoided, if we supply a מ to the second, and read אדם ממעשׂה, as lxx ἀποστρέψαι ἄνθρωπον ἀπὸ ἀδικίας αὐτοῦ (which does not necessarily presuppose the reading ממעשׂהו), Targ. ab opere malo; Jer. not so good; ab his quae fecit. מעשׂה signifies facinus, an evil deed, as 1 Samuel 20:19, and פּעל, Job 36:9, evil-doing. The infin. constr. now passes into the v. fin., which would be very liable to misconstruction with different subjects: and in order that He (God) may conceal arrogance from man, i.e., altogether remove from him, unaccustom him to, render him weary of. the sin of pride (גּוה from גּוה equals גּאה, as Job 22:29, according to Ges., Ew., Olsh., for גּאוה equals גּאוה). Here everything in thought and expression is peculiar. Also חיּה, Job 33:18 (as Job 33:22, Job 33:28), for חיּים rof ,) (Job 33:30) does not occur elsewhere in the book of Job, and the phrase עבר בּשּׁלח here and Job 36:12 (comp. עבר בּשּׁחת, Job 33:28) nowhere else in the Old Testament. שׁלח (Arab. silâh, a weapon of offence, opp. metâ‛, a weapon of defence) is the engine for shooting, from שׁלח, emmittere, to shoot; and עבר בשׁלח is equivalent to נפל בעד השׁלח ot tnelaviuqe s, Joel 2:8, to pass away by (precipitate one's self into) the weapon for shooting. To deliver man from sin, viz., sins of carnal security and imaginary self-importance, and at the same time from an early death, whether natural or violent, this is the disciplinary design which God has in view in connection with this first mode of speaking to him; but there is also a second mode.

Job 33:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a messenger

Judges 2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt...

2 Chronicles 36:15,16 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending...

Haggai 1:13 Then spoke Haggai the LORD's messenger in the LORD's message to the people, saying, I am with you, said the LORD.

Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom you seek...

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be you reconciled to God.

an interpreter

Job 34:32 That which I see not teach you me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.

Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man whom you chasten, O LORD, and teach him out of your law;

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Acts 8:30 And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understand you what you read?

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep...

Hebrews 12:5-12 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to children, My son, despise not you the chastening of the Lord...

one

Job 9:3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.

Ecclesiastes 7:28 Which yet my soul seeks, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify my office:

to

Job 11:6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom...

Job 34:10,12 Therefore listen to me you men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty...

Job 35:14 Although you say you shall not see him, yet judgment is before him; therefore trust you in him.

Job 36:3,8-13 I will fetch my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker...

Job 37:23 Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice...

Nehemiah 9:33 However, you are just in all that is brought on us; for you have done right, but we have done wickedly:

Psalm 119:75 I know, O LORD, that your judgments are right, and that you in faithfulness have afflicted me.

Lamentations 3:22,23,32,39-41 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not...

Ezekiel 18:25-28 Yet you say, The way of the LORD is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal...

Daniel 9:14 Therefore has the LORD watched on the evil, and brought it on us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he does...

Cross References
Genesis 40:8
They said to him, "We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them." And Joseph said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Please tell them to me."

Isaiah 59:16
He saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no one to intercede; then his own arm brought him salvation, and his righteousness upheld him.

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