Job 33:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and he is merciful to him, and says, ‘Deliver him from going down into the pit; I have found a ransom;

King James Bible
Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

American Standard Version
Then God is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall have mercy on him, and shall say : Deliver him, that he may not go down to corruption : I have found wherein I may be merciful to him.

English Revised Version
Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then he is gracious to him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

Job 33:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Elihu now describes the first mode in which God speaks to man: He Himself comes forward as a witness in man's sleep, He makes use of dreams or dream-like visions, which come upon one suddenly within the realm of nocturnal thought (vid., Psychol. S. 282f.), as a medium of revelation - a usual form of divine revelation, especially in the heathen world, to which positive revelation is wanting. The reading בּחזיון (Codd., lxx, Syr., Symm., Jer.), as also the accentuation of the בחלום with Mehupach Legarme, proceeds from the correct assumption, that vision of the night and dream are not coincident notions; moreover, the detailing Job 33:15, is formed according to Job 4:13. In this condition of deep or half sleep, revelat aurem hominum, a phrase used of the preparation of the ear for the purpose of hearing by the removal of hindrances, and, in general, of confidential communication, therefore: He opens the ear of men, and seals their admonition, i.e., the admonition that is wholesome and necessary for them. Elihu uses חתם בּ here and Job 37:7 as חתם בּעד is used in Job 9:7 : to seal anything (to seal up), comp. Arab. ḥı̂m, σφραγίζειν, in the sense of infallible attestation and confirmation (John 6:27), especially (with Arab. b) of divine revelation or inspiration, distinct in meaning from Arab. chtm, σφραγίζειν, in the proper sense. Elihu means that by such dreams and visions, as rare overpowering facts not to be forgotten, God puts the seal upon the warning directed to them which, sent forth in any other way, would make no such impression. Most ancient versions (also Luther) translate as though it were יחתּם (lxx ἐξεφόβησεν αὐτούς). מסר is a secondary form to מוּסר, Job 36:10, which occurs only here. Next comes the fuller statement of the object of the admonition or warning delivered in such an impressive manner. According to the text before us, it is to be explained: in order that man may remove (put from himself) mischief from himself (Ges. 133, 3); but this inconvenient change of subject is avoided, if we supply a מ to the second, and read אדם ממעשׂה, as lxx ἀποστρέψαι ἄνθρωπον ἀπὸ ἀδικίας αὐτοῦ (which does not necessarily presuppose the reading ממעשׂהו), Targ. ab opere malo; Jer. not so good; ab his quae fecit. מעשׂה signifies facinus, an evil deed, as 1 Samuel 20:19, and פּעל, Job 36:9, evil-doing. The infin. constr. now passes into the v. fin., which would be very liable to misconstruction with different subjects: and in order that He (God) may conceal arrogance from man, i.e., altogether remove from him, unaccustom him to, render him weary of. the sin of pride (גּוה from גּוה equals גּאה, as Job 22:29, according to Ges., Ew., Olsh., for גּאוה equals גּאוה). Here everything in thought and expression is peculiar. Also חיּה, Job 33:18 (as Job 33:22, Job 33:28), for חיּים rof ,) (Job 33:30) does not occur elsewhere in the book of Job, and the phrase עבר בּשּׁלח here and Job 36:12 (comp. עבר בּשּׁחת, Job 33:28) nowhere else in the Old Testament. שׁלח (Arab. silâh, a weapon of offence, opp. metâ‛, a weapon of defence) is the engine for shooting, from שׁלח, emmittere, to shoot; and עבר בשׁלח is equivalent to נפל בעד השׁלח ot tnelaviuqe s, Joel 2:8, to pass away by (precipitate one's self into) the weapon for shooting. To deliver man from sin, viz., sins of carnal security and imaginary self-importance, and at the same time from an early death, whether natural or violent, this is the disciplinary design which God has in view in connection with this first mode of speaking to him; but there is also a second mode.

Job 33:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then

Job 33:18 He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

Job 22:21 Acquaint now yourself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come to you.

Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before you...

Exodus 34:6,7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering...

Psalm 86:5,15 For you, Lord, are good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy to all them that call on you...

Hosea 14:2,4 Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say to him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously...

Micah 7:18-20 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage...

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...

Deliver

Job 36:10,11 He opens also their ear to discipline, and commands that they return from iniquity...

Psalm 22:4 Our fathers trusted in you: they trusted, and you did deliver them.

Psalm 30:9-12 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise you? shall it declare your truth...

Psalm 40:2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet on a rock, and established my goings.

Psalm 71:3 Be you my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: you have given commandment to save me...

Psalm 86:13 For great is your mercy toward me: and you have delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

Isaiah 38:17-19 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but you have in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption...

Jeremiah 31:20 Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spoke against him, I do earnestly remember him still...

Zechariah 9:11 As for you also, by the blood of your covenant I have sent forth your prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.

I

Job 33:24 Then he is gracious to him, and said, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

Psalm 49:7,8 None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him...

Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Romans 3:24-26 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus...

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

a ransom. or, an atonement

Cross References
Job 33:18
he keeps back his soul from the pit, his life from perishing by the sword.

Job 33:25
let his flesh become fresh with youth; let him return to the days of his youthful vigor';

Job 33:28
He has redeemed my soul from going down into the pit, and my life shall look upon the light.'

Job 36:18
Beware lest wrath entice you into scoffing, and let not the greatness of the ransom turn you aside.

Psalm 49:7
Truly no man can ransom another, or give to God the price of his life,

Isaiah 38:17
Behold, it was for my welfare that I had great bitterness; but in love you have delivered my life from the pit of destruction, for you have cast all my sins behind your back.

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