Job 33:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Yet if there is an angel at their side, a messenger, one out of a thousand, sent to tell them how to be upright,

King James Bible
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness:

Darby Bible Translation
If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man his duty;

World English Bible
"If there is beside him an angel, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to show to man what is right for him;

Young's Literal Translation
If there is by him a messenger, An interpreter -- one of a thousand, To declare for man his uprightness:

Job 33:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

V. The Messengers

If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, etc. - The Messengers of righteousness; this is a Fifth method, אם יש עליו מלאך מליץ im yesh alaiv malach melits, "If there be over him an interpreting or mediatorial angel or messenger." One among a thousand, אחד מני אלף echad minni aleph. "One from the Chief, Head, or Teacher."

To show unto man his uprightness - להגיד לאדם ישרו lehaggid leadam yoshro, "to manifest or cause to be declared to man his righteousness:" to show unto Adam - men in general, the descendants of the first man - his purity and holiness; to convince him of sin, righteousness, and judgment, that he may be prepared for the discovery of what is next to be exhibited.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a messenger

Judges 2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt...

2 Chronicles 36:15,16 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending...

Haggai 1:13 Then spoke Haggai the LORD's messenger in the LORD's message to the people, saying, I am with you, said the LORD.

Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom you seek...

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be you reconciled to God.

an interpreter

Job 34:32 That which I see not teach you me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.

Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man whom you chasten, O LORD, and teach him out of your law;

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Acts 8:30 And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understand you what you read?

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep...

Hebrews 12:5-12 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to children, My son, despise not you the chastening of the Lord...

one

Job 9:3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.

Ecclesiastes 7:28 Which yet my soul seeks, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

Romans 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify my office:

to

Job 11:6 And that he would show you the secrets of wisdom...

Job 34:10,12 Therefore listen to me you men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty...

Job 35:14 Although you say you shall not see him, yet judgment is before him; therefore trust you in him.

Job 36:3,8-13 I will fetch my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker...

Job 37:23 Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice...

Nehemiah 9:33 However, you are just in all that is brought on us; for you have done right, but we have done wickedly:

Psalm 119:75 I know, O LORD, that your judgments are right, and that you in faithfulness have afflicted me.

Lamentations 3:22,23,32,39-41 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not...

Ezekiel 18:25-28 Yet you say, The way of the LORD is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal...

Daniel 9:14 Therefore has the LORD watched on the evil, and brought it on us: for the LORD our God is righteous in all his works which he does...

Library
The Host of Heaven and of Earth.
"The Spirit of God hath made me."--Job xxxiii. 4. Understanding somewhat the characteristic note of the work of the Holy Spirit, let us see what this work was and is and shall be. The Father brings forth, the Son disposes and arranges, the Holy Spirit perfects. There is one God and Father of whom are all things, and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom are all things; but what does the Scripture say of the special work the Holy Spirit did in creation and is still doing? For the sake of order we examine
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Whether for the Justification of the Ungodly is Required a Movement of the Free-Will?
Objection 1: It would seem that no movement of the free-will is required for the justification of the ungodly. For we see that by the sacrament of Baptism, infants and sometimes adults are justified without a movement of their free-will: hence Augustine says (Confess. iv) that when one of his friends was taken with a fever, "he lay for a long time senseless and in a deadly sweat, and when he was despaired of, he was baptized without his knowing, and was regenerated"; which is effected by sanctifying
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Angel of the Lord in the Pentateuch, and the Book of Joshua.
The New Testament distinguishes between the hidden God and the revealed God--the Son or Logos--who is connected with the former by oneness of nature, and who from everlasting, and even at the creation itself, filled up the immeasurable distance between the Creator and the creation;--who has been the Mediator in all God's relations to the world;--who at all times, and even before He became man in Christ, has been the light of [Pg 116] the world,--and to whom, specially, was committed the direction
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit as Revealed in his Names.
At least twenty-five different names are used in the Old and New Testaments in speaking of the Holy Spirit. There is the deepest significance in these names. By the careful study of them, we find a wonderful revelation of the Person and work of the Holy Spirit. I. The Spirit. The simplest name by which the Holy Spirit is mentioned in the Bible is that which stands at the head of this paragraph--"The Spirit." This name is also used as the basis of other names, so we begin our study with this.
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Genesis 40:8
"We both had dreams," they answered, "but there is no one to interpret them." Then Joseph said to them, "Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell me your dreams."

Isaiah 59:16
He saw that there was no one, he was appalled that there was no one to intervene; so his own arm achieved salvation for him, and his own righteousness sustained him.

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