Genesis 42:4
New International Version
But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with the others, because he was afraid that harm might come to him.

New Living Translation
But Jacob wouldn’t let Joseph’s younger brother, Benjamin, go with them, for fear some harm might come to him.

English Standard Version
But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, with his brothers, for he feared that harm might happen to him.

Berean Standard Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm might befall him.”

King James Bible
But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.

New King James Version
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “Lest some calamity befall him.”

New American Standard Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm may happen to him.”

NASB 1995
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm may befall him.”

NASB 1977
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm may befall him.”

Amplified Bible
But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph’s [younger] brother, with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that some harm or injury may come to him.”

Christian Standard Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he thought, “Something might happen to him.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he thought, “Something might happen to him.”

American Standard Version
But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure harm befall him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yaquuv did not send Benyamin, the brother of Yoseph, with his brothers, because he said, “Lest calamity will come to him.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But Jacob sent not Benjamin, the brother of Joseph, with his brethren; for he said, Lest, haply, disease befall him.

Contemporary English Version
But Jacob did not send Joseph's younger brother Benjamin with them; he was afraid that something might happen to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whilst Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said to his brethren: Lest perhaps he take any harm in the journey.

Good News Translation
but Jacob did not send Joseph's full brother Benjamin with them, because he was afraid that something might happen to him.

International Standard Version
Jacob would not send Joseph's brother Benjamin to accompany them, because he was saying, "I'm afraid that he'll come to some kind of harm."

JPS Tanakh 1917
But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said: 'Lest peradventure harm befall him.'

Literal Standard Version
and Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob has not sent with his brothers, for he said, “Lest harm meet him.”

New American Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he thought some disaster might befall him.

NET Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph's brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, "What if some accident happens to him?"

New Revised Standard Version
But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he feared that harm might come to him.

New Heart English Bible
But Jacob did not send Joseph?s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, " Some harm might happen to him."

World English Bible
But Jacob didn't send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his brothers; for he said, "Lest perhaps harm happen to him."

Young's Literal Translation
and Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob hath not sent with his brethren, for he said, 'Lest mischief meet him.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt
3So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm might befall him.” 5So the sons of Israel were among those who came to buy grain, since the famine had also spread to the land of Canaan.…

Cross References
Genesis 35:24
The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

Genesis 42:3
So ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

Genesis 42:38
But Jacob replied, "My son will not go down there with you, for his brother is dead, and he alone is left. If any harm comes to him on your journey, you will bring my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow."


Treasury of Scripture

But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brothers; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.

Benjamin.

Genesis 35:16-19
And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour…

Lest.

Genesis 42:38
And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

Genesis 3:22
And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Genesis 11:4
And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.











Verse 4. - But (literally, and) Benjamin, Joseph's brother (vide Genesis 35:18), Jacob sent not with his brethren. Not because of his youth (Patrick, Lange), since he was now upwards of twenty years of age, but because he was Joseph's brother, and had taken Joseph's place in his father's affections (Lawson, Lange, Murphy, etc.), causing the old man to cherish him with tender solicitude. For he said (to, or within, himself, perhaps recalling the fate of Joseph), Lest peradventure mischief befall him. אָסון, from אָסַה, to hurt (Gesenius, Furst), and occurring only elsewhere in ver. 38, Genesis 44:29, and Exodus 21:22, 23, denotes any sort of personal injury in general, and in particular here such mischance as might happen to a traveler.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But Jacob
יַעֲקֹ֖ב (ya·‘ă·qōḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3290: Jacob -- a son of Isaac, also his desc

did not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

send
שָׁלַ֥ח (šā·laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

Joseph’s
יוֹסֵ֔ף (yō·w·sêp̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3130: Joseph -- 'he increases', a son of Jacob, also the name of several Israelites

brother
אֲחִ֣י (’ă·ḥî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 251: A brother, )

Benjamin
בִּנְיָמִין֙ (bin·yā·mîn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1144: Benjamin -- 'son of the right hand', youngest son of Jacob, also the name of two other Israelites

with
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Preposition
Strong's 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

his brothers,
אֶחָ֑יו (’e·ḥāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 251: A brother, )

for
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

he said,
אָמַ֔ר (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“I am afraid that
פֶּן־ (pen-)
Conjunction
Strong's 6435: Removal, lest

harm
אָסֽוֹן׃ (’ā·sō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 611: Mischief, evil, harm

might befall him.”
יִקְרָאֶ֖נּוּ (yiq·rā·’en·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7122: To encounter, befall


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OT Law: Genesis 42:4 But Jacob didn't send Benjamin Joseph's brother (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 42:3
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