Galatians 1:22
New International Version
I was personally unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ.

New Living Translation
And still the Christians in the churches in Judea didn't know me personally.

English Standard Version
And I was still unknown in person to the churches of Judea that are in Christ.

Berean Study Bible
I was personally unknown, however, to the churches of Judea that are in Christ.

Berean Literal Bible
And I was by face unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ.

New American Standard Bible
I was still unknown by sight to the churches of Judea which were in Christ;

King James Bible
And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:

Christian Standard Bible
I remained personally unknown to the Judean churches that are in Christ.

Contemporary English Version
But no one who belonged to Christ's churches in Judea had ever seen me in person.

Good News Translation
At that time the members of the churches in Judea did not know me personally.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I remained personally unknown to the Judean churches in Christ;

International Standard Version
But the churches of the Messiah that are in Judea did not yet know me personally.

NET Bible
But I was personally unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ.

New Heart English Bible
I was still unknown by face to the churches of Judea which were in Christ,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the churches in Judea, these who are in The Messiah, did not know me by face,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The churches of Christ in Judea didn't know me personally.

New American Standard 1977
And I was still unknown by sight to the churches of Judea which were in Christ;

Jubilee Bible 2000
and was unknown by face unto the congregations {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} of Judaea which were in Christ,

King James 2000 Bible
And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judea which were in Christ:

American King James Version
And was unknown by face to the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:

American Standard Version
And I was still unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I was unknown by face to the churches of Judea, which were in Christ:

Darby Bible Translation
But I was unknown personally to the assemblies of Judaea which [are] in Christ;

English Revised Version
And I was still unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:

Webster's Bible Translation
And was unknown by face to the churches of Judea which were in Christ:

Weymouth New Testament
But to the Christian Churches in Judaea I was personally unknown.

World English Bible
I was still unknown by face to the assemblies of Judea which were in Christ,

Young's Literal Translation
and was unknown by face to the assemblies of Judea, that are in Christ,
Study Bible
Paul Preaches the Gospel
21Later I went to the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22I was personally unknown, however, to the churches of Judea that are in Christ. 23They only heard the account: “The man who formerly persecuted us is now preaching the faith he once tried to destroy.”…
Cross References
Romans 16:3
Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus,

Romans 16:7
Greet Andronicus and Junias, my fellow countrymen and fellow prisoners. They are distinguished among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.

Romans 16:9
Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Stachys.

Romans 16:10
Greet Apelles, who is approved in Christ. Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus.

1 Corinthians 7:17
Regardless, each one should lead the life that the Lord has assigned to him and to which God has called him. This is what I prescribe in all the churches.

1 Thessalonians 2:14
For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of God in Judea that are in Christ Jesus. You suffered from your own countrymen the very things they suffered from the Jews,

Treasury of Scripture

And was unknown by face to the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:

the churches.

Acts 9:31
Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.

1 Thessalonians 2:14
For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:

in.

Romans 16:7
Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.

1 Corinthians 1:30
But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

Philippians 1:1
Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:







Lexicon
I was
ἤμην (ēmēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Middle - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

personally
προσώπῳ (prosōpō)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4383: From pros and ops; the front, i.e. The countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication, presence, person.

unknown,
ἀγνοούμενος (agnooumenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 50: To do not know, be ignorant of, sometimes with the idea of willful ignorance.

however,
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

to the
ταῖς (tais)
Article - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

churches
ἐκκλησίαις (ekklēsiais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1577: From a compound of ek and a derivative of kaleo; a calling out, i.e. a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation.

of Judea
Ἰουδαίας (Ioudaias)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2449: Judea, a Roman province, capital Jerusalem. Feminine of Ioudaios; the Judaean land, a region of Palestine.

that [are]
ταῖς (tais)
Article - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Christ.
Χριστῷ (Christō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
(22) Was unknown by face.--The Greek is a shade stronger: I continued unknown. If in Jerusalem itself the Apostle had not had time to receive instruction from any one, still less was this the case with the other Christian communities of Judaea. To these he was not known even by sight. At the same time, so far were they from manifesting any opposition to his teaching, that their one thought was joy to hear of his conversion.

The churches of Judaea.--Judaea is here distinguished from Jerusalem. The phrase is noticeable as pointing to the spread and early organisation of the Church at a date removed by not more than ten years from our Lord's ascension.

Which were in Christ.--This is added in order to distinguish the Christian from the Jewish communities. It means, however, something more than merely "Christian." The various sections of the Christian Church not only professed a common creed, and were called by a common name, but they stood in the same direct and personal relation to Christ as their Head. It was His presence diffused among them which gave them unity.

Verses 22-24. - It is somewhat difficult to determine, and when determined to make evident in translation, the precise flexure in the intonation (so to speak) of these verses. So far as the present writer can see, it is this: the δὲ in ver. 22 is slightly adversative to the foregoing sentence; as if it were, "During that time the people of Syria and Cilicia saw a great deal of me, but the Churches of Judaea did not see me at all." The δὲ in ver. 23 introduces a contrast to the foregoing "unknown by face;" as if it were, "They knew me not by face, but only by report." The rendering to be now given will endeavour to represent this view of the whole passage. Verse 22. - And was unknown by face (ἤμην δὲ ἀγνοούμενος τῷ προσώπῳ); but I was all the while unknown by face. The dative τῷ προσώπῳ, "by face," or "in person," marks (see Winer,' Gram. N. T.,' § 31, 6, a) the sphere to which a wider term is restricted, as ταῖς φρεσίν (1 Corinthians 14:20). Its addition prepares the reader for the subsequent intimation that, though unknown by personal presentment, he was not unknown by repute (comp. 1 Thessalonians 2:17, Προσώπῳ οὐ καρδιᾳ). The widened form of the verb, ηπμην ἀγνοούμενος, instead of ἠγνοούμην, intimates the long-continued period, represented by the words "all the while" in our rendering, for which the statement held good; which observation applies also to the ἀκούοντες ῆσαν of ver. 23. The word "still," introduced in the Revised Version, imports, as I humbly venture to think, on idea not actually expressed in the Greek. The apostle states no more than that the Churches of Judaea had at that time no opportunity of coming to know him personally. There is no ἔτι, They had, that is (for this is what seems intended), no opportunity of knowing him in his new character as a disciple of Christ. Whether or not they had known him in the terrible aspect of an unrelenting persecutor, is a matter which for the present lies out of the field of view. The period to which the apostle means this remark of his to apply may be assumed to be the whole time between his conversion and the close of this stay of his in "Syria and Cilicia." This, as we learn from the Acts, terminated with Barnabas's fetching him to join him in his work at Antioch. After this he did become known to the disciples of Judaea. Unto the Churches of Judaea which were in Christ (ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῆς Ἰουδαίας ταῖς ἐν Ξριστῷ). This honorific form of designation, "which were in Christ," breathes a feeling on the part of the apostle of reverential respect for those Churches, as already organized communities vitally united to Christ, while he was as yet only beginning his Christian life (comp. Romans 16:7, "Who were also in Christ before me"). This ceremonious respectfulness is the more in place, inasmuch as the apostle had reason to know that the doctrinal position which he fell himself set to defend, in reference to obedience to the Mosaic Law, was generally distasteful to Jewish believers. Grateful is it, however, to his own feelings to recollect, and now thus publicly to recognize, the kindness and devout thankfulness which in those early days of his Christian career they had evinced with reference to him (see note on ver. 24). At the same time, his entire independence of the whole Jewish community when first beginning to preach is plainly indicated. It was from no Judaean Church any more than from Jerusalem and its apostles and elders that he derived the gospel which he had then and ever since been proclaiming. If we take the bearing of the clause, "which were in Christ," as above proposed, we have no need of (Ecumenius's remark, endorsed by various critics, including Alford and even Bishop Lightfoot, that it was added to distinguish the ἐκκλήσιαι of Christians from synagogues of non-Christian Jews. Indeed, the remark is itself open to grave exception. It is true that ἐκκλησία in the singular number is used of the whole Israelite community antecedently to the Christian dispensation; but it is never found either in the New Testament or in the Septuagint to denote, as συναγωγὴ does, an organized collection of Israelites as such, dwelling in a particular neighbourhood, in the way that it is applied to an organized collection of Christians in a neighbourhood; neither is the noun ever applied to Israelites as such in the plural number. The term ἐκκλήσιαι would, of course, be taken to mean Christian Churches and no other. 1:15-24 St. Paul was wonderfully brought to the knowledge and faith of Christ. All who are savingly converted, are called by the grace of God; their conversion is wrought by his power and grace working in them. It will but little avail us to have Christ revealed to us, if he is not also revealed in us. He instantly prepared to obey, without hesitating as to his worldly interest, credit, ease, or life itself. And what matter of thanksgiving and joy is it to the churches of Christ, when they hear of such instances to the praise of the glory of his grace, whether they have ever seen them or not! They glorify God for his power and mercy in saving such persons, and for all the service to his people and cause that is done, and may be further expected from them.
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