Exodus 21:3
New International Version
If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.

New Living Translation
If he was single when he became your slave, he shall leave single. But if he was married before he became a slave, then his wife must be freed with him.

English Standard Version
If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Berean Study Bible
If he arrived alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrived with a wife, she is to leave with him.

New American Standard Bible
"If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

King James Bible
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Christian Standard Bible
If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

Contemporary English Version
If he was single at the time you bought him, he alone must be set free. But if he was married at the time, both he and his wife must be given their freedom.

Good News Translation
If he was unmarried when he became your slave, he is not to take a wife with him when he leaves; but if he was married when he became your slave, he may take his wife with him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

International Standard Version
If he came in by himself, he is to go out by himself. If he was married, his wife is to go out with him.

NET Bible
If he came in by himself he will go out by himself; if he had a wife when he came in, then his wife will go out with him.

New Heart English Bible
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If he comes to you by himself, he must leave by himself. If he comes as a married man, his wife may leave with him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

New American Standard 1977
“If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he was married, then his wife shall go out with him.

King James 2000 Bible
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he was married, then his wife shall go out with him.

American King James Version
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

American Standard Version
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If he should have come in alone, he shall also go forth alone; and if his wife should have gone in together with him, his wife also shall go out.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With what raiment he came in, with the like let him go out: if having a wife, his wife also shall go out with him.

Darby Bible Translation
If he came in alone, he shall go out alone: if he had a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

English Revised Version
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
If he came in by himself, he shall depart by himself: if he was married, then his wife shall depart with him.

World English Bible
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Young's Literal Translation
if by himself he cometh in, by himself he goeth out; if he is owner of a wife, then his wife hath gone out with him;
Study Bible
Laws for Servants
2If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free without paying anything. 3If he arrived alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrived with a wife, she is to leave with him. 4If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:2
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free without paying anything.

Exodus 21:4
If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.

Exodus 21:7
And if a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as the menservants do.

Treasury of Scripture

If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

by himself.







Lexicon
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

he arrived alone,
יָבֹ֖א (yā·ḇō)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

he is to leave alone;
יֵצֵ֑א (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

he
ה֔וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

arrived with a wife,
אִשָּׁה֙ (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

[she]
אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ (’iš·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

is to leave
וְיָצְאָ֥ה (wə·yā·ṣə·’āh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

with him.
עִמּֽוֹ׃ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with
(3) His wife shall go out with him.--The privilege of the married Hebrew slave was to attach also to his wife, if he was married when he became a slave. It further, no doubt, attached to his children.

Verse 3. - If he came in by himself, etc.. The first clause of this verse is further explained in the next; the second secured to the wife who went into slavery with her husband a participation in his privilege of release at the end of the sixth year. 21:1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.
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