Exodus 21:3
New International Version
If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.

New Living Translation
If he was single when he became your slave, he shall leave single. But if he was married before he became a slave, then his wife must be freed with him.

English Standard Version
If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Berean Study Bible
If he arrived alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrived with a wife, she is to leave with him.

King James Bible
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

New King James Version
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him.

New American Standard Bible
If he comes alone, he shall leave alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall leave with him.

NASB 1995
"If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

NASB 1977
“If he comes alone, he shall go out alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.

Amplified Bible
If he came [to you] alone, he shall leave alone; if he came married, then his wife shall leave with him.

Christian Standard Bible
If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

American Standard Version
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he alone will come in, he alone will go forth, and if he is a husband of a wife, his wife will go out with him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If he should have come in alone, he shall also go forth alone; and if his wife should have gone in together with him, his wife also shall go out.

Contemporary English Version
If he was single at the time you bought him, he alone must be set free. But if he was married at the time, both he and his wife must be given their freedom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With what raiment he came in, with the like let him go out: if having a wife, his wife also shall go out with him.

English Revised Version
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Good News Translation
If he was unmarried when he became your slave, he is not to take a wife with him when he leaves; but if he was married when he became your slave, he may take his wife with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If he comes to you by himself, he must leave by himself. If he comes as a married man, his wife may leave with him.

International Standard Version
If he came in by himself, he is to go out by himself. If he was married, his wife is to go out with him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If he come in by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he be married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Literal Standard Version
if he comes in by himself, he goes out by himself; if he [is] owner of a wife, then his wife has gone out with him;

NET Bible
If he came in by himself he will go out by himself; if he had a wife when he came in, then his wife will go out with him.

New Heart English Bible
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.

World English Bible
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.

Young's Literal Translation
if by himself he cometh in, by himself he goeth out; if he is owner of a wife, then his wife hath gone out with him;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Laws for Servants
2If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free without paying anything. 3If he arrived alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrived with a wife, she is to leave with him. 4If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.…

Cross References
Exodus 21:2
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free without paying anything.

Exodus 21:4
If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.

Exodus 21:7
And if a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as the menservants do.


Treasury of Scripture

If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

by himself.









(3) His wife shall go out with him.--The privilege of the married Hebrew slave was to attach also to his wife, if he was married when he became a slave. It further, no doubt, attached to his children.

Verse 3. - If he came in by himself, etc.. The first clause of this verse is further explained in the next; the second secured to the wife who went into slavery with her husband a participation in his privilege of release at the end of the sixth year.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

he arrived alone,
יָבֹ֖א (yā·ḇō)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

he is to leave alone;
יֵצֵ֑א (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

he
ה֔וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

arrived with a wife,
אִשָּׁה֙ (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

[she]
אִשְׁתּ֖וֹ (’iš·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

is to leave
וְיָצְאָ֥ה (wə·yā·ṣə·’āh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

with him.
עִמּֽוֹ׃ (‘im·mōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5973: With, equally with


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OT Law: Exodus 21:3 If he comes in by himself he (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 21:2
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