New International Version
If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.
King James Bible
If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.
Darby Bible Translation
If he came in alone, he shall go out alone: if he had a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.
World English Bible
If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.
Young's Literal Translation
if by himself he cometh in, by himself he goeth out; if he is owner of a wife, then his wife hath gone out with him;
Exodus 21:3 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
If he came in by himself - If he and his wife came in together, they were to go out together: in all respects as he entered, so should he go out. This consideration seems to have induced St. Jerome to translate the passage thus: Cum quali veste intraverat, cum tali exeat. "He shall have the same coat in going out, as he had when he came in," i.e., if he came in with a new one, he shall go out with a new one, which was perfectly just, as the former coat must have been worn out in his master's service, and not his own.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
by himself. Heb. with his body
LibraryThe Development of the Earlier Old Testament Laws
[Sidenote: First the principle, and then the detailed laws] If the canon of the New Testament had remained open as long as did that of the Old, there is little doubt that it also would have contained many laws, legal precedents, and ecclesiastical histories. From the writings of the Church Fathers and the records of the Catholic Church it is possible to conjecture what these in general would have been. The early history of Christianity illustrates the universal fact that the broad principles are …
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament
A Discourse of the Building, Nature, Excellency, and Government of the House of God; with Counsels and Directions to the Inhabitants Thereof.
Councils of Ariminum and Seleucia.
The Section Chap. I. -iii.
"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.
If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.
"If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as male servants do.
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