2 Chronicles 9:14
New International Version
not including the revenues brought in by merchants and traders. Also all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the territories brought gold and silver to Solomon.

New Living Translation
This did not include the additional revenue he received from merchants and traders. All the kings of Arabia and the governors of the provinces also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

English Standard Version
besides that which the explorers and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the land brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Berean Study Bible
not including the revenue from the merchants and traders. And all the Arabian kings and governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

New American Standard Bible
besides that which the traders and merchants brought; and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

King James Bible
Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Christian Standard Bible
besides what was brought by the merchants and traders. All the Arabian kings and governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Contemporary English Version
not counting what the merchants and traders brought him. The kings of Arabia and the leaders of Israel also gave him gold and silver.

Good News Translation
in addition to the taxes paid by the traders and merchants. The kings of Arabia and the governors of the Israelite districts also brought him silver and gold.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
besides what was brought by the merchants and traders. All the Arabian kings and governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

International Standard Version
not including revenue from traders and merchants. In addition, all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the nation brought gold and silver to Solomon.

NET Bible
besides what he collected from the merchants and traders. All the Arabian kings and the governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

New Heart English Bible
besides that which the traders and merchants brought: and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
not counting [the gold] which the merchants and traders brought. All the Arab kings and governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon.

JPS Tanakh 1917
beside that which the traffickers and merchants brought; and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

New American Standard 1977
besides that which the traders and merchants brought; and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
besides that which the traders and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the land brought gold and silver to Solomon.

King James 2000 Bible
Besides that which traders and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

American King James Version
Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

American Standard Version
besides that which the traders and merchants brought: and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
besides what the men who were regularly appointed and the merchants brought, and all the kings of Arabia and princes of the land: all brought gold and silver to king Solomon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Beside the sum which the deputies of divers nations, and the merchants were accustomed to bring, and all the kings of Arabia, and the lords of the lands, who I brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Darby Bible Translation
besides [what] dealers and merchants brought, and [what] all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought of gold and silver to Solomon.

English Revised Version
beside that which the chapmen and merchants brought: and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Webster's Bible Translation
Besides that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

World English Bible
besides that which the traders and merchants brought: and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

Young's Literal Translation
apart from what the tourists, and the merchants, are bringing in; and all the kings of Arabia, and the governors of the land, are bringing in gold and silver to Solomon.
Study Bible
Solomon's Wealth and Splendor
13The weight of gold that came to Solomon each year was 666 talents, 14not including the revenue from the merchants and traders. And all the Arabian kings and governors of the land also brought gold and silver to Solomon. 15King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold; six hundred shekels of hammered gold went into each shield.…
Cross References
1 Kings 10:15
not including the revenue from the merchants, traders, and all the Arabian kings and governors of the land.

2 Chronicles 9:15
King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold; six hundred shekels of hammered gold went into each shield.

2 Chronicles 17:11
Some Philistines also brought gifts and silver as tribute to Jehoshaphat, and the Arabs brought him flocks of 7,700 rams and 7,700 goats.

Psalm 68:29
Because of Your temple at Jerusalem kings will bear you gifts.

Psalm 72:10
May the kings of Tarshish and distant shores bring tribute; may the kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts.

Jeremiah 25:24
all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed tribes who dwell in the desert;

Treasury of Scripture

Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.

governors.







Lexicon
not including
לְבַ֞ד (lə·ḇaḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

the revenue
מְבִיאִ֑ים (mə·ḇî·’îm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

from the merchants
מֵאַנְשֵׁ֧י (mê·’an·šê)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

and traders.
וְהַסֹּחֲרִ֖ים (wə·has·sō·ḥă·rîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5503: To go around or about, travel about

And all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the Arabian
עֲרַב֙ (‘ă·raḇ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6152: Arabia -- 'steppe-dwellers', a country East of Israel

kings
מַלְכֵ֤י (mal·ḵê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

and governors
וּפַח֣וֹת (ū·p̄a·ḥō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6346: A governor

of the land
הָאָ֔רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

also brought
מְבִיאִ֛ים (mə·ḇî·’îm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

gold
זָהָ֥ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and silver
וָכֶ֖סֶף (wā·ḵe·sep̄)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3701: Silver, money

to Solomon.
לִשְׁלֹמֹֽה׃ (liš·lō·mōh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne
(14) Besides that which chapmen and merchants brought.--The Hebrew is difficult, and probably corrupt. Literally it seems to run, besides the men of the itinerants (a strange phrase), and that which the merchants were bringing; or, perhaps, apart from the men of the itinerants and the merchants bringing. The last word may be a clerical error, as it occurs again directly. The conjecture of Thenius on 1Kings 10:15 seems to be borne out by the ancient Versions. He would read instead of 'anshe ha-t?rim, "men of the travellers," 'onshe ha-r'd-yim, "fines or tributes of the subjects." The Syriac of Chronicles has "tributes of the cities." Perhaps, therefore, the true original reading was 'onshe he'arim. The Vulg. renders "envoys of divers peoples;" but the LXX., "men of the subjected (states)."

For the second half of the phrase Kings has, "and the merchandise of the pedlars."

The kings of Arabia.--Kings, "the kings of the mixed tribes;" that is, the Bedawis, bordering on and mingling with Israel. (Comp. Exodus 12:38.) The difference depends on the vowel pointing only. (Comp. Jeremiah 25:24, where both words occur; and Ezekiel 30:5.)

Governors.--Pachoth, i.e., pashas. Thenius is wrong in supposing this word to be a token of the "later composition of the section." (See Note on 2Kings 18:24.)

Brought.--Were bringing = used to bring. (Comp. 2Chronicles 9:23-24.)

Verse 14. - Beside, etc. The preposition (In.) left both here and in the parallel, before the words "men of," etc., in the compound English word chapmen (Authorized Version), shows clearly the construction of this and the following sentence; from the previous verse needs to come the words, after our "beside," "the weight of gold which came," etc. This gold probably came by way of tax payments from the merchant travellers, and as tribute money from the kings of the part of Arabia where the blood was mingled, Jewish and Arabian, and not exclusively and independently Arabian (see the word used in place of our Arabian in the parallel, and Jeremiah 25:24), and from those governors (perhaps in some cases superseding older kings) of adjacent countries, that had become in some part tributary to Solomon. Governors. For this unusual and un-Hebrew word (פַחות) see Ezra 5:6; Haggai 1:1; Nehemiah 5:14. Gesenius mentions Turkish, Persian, and Sanscrit derivations that would well suit it. It is very noticeable that it is employed also by the writer of Kings. It is used of a ruler in the Assyrian empire (2 Kings 18:24; Isaiah 36:9), in the Chaldean (Ezekiel 23:6, 23; Jeremiah 51:23), in the Persian (Esther 8:9; Esther 9:3), specially of the Persian governor of Judaea (Haggai 1:1, 14; Haggai 2:2, 21; Nehemiah 5:14, 18; Nehemiah 12:26; Malachi 1:8); while Gesenius reads this passage in our present text and its parallel, to speak of governors of Judaea (the country). See also 1 Kings 20:24, where the word is translated (Authorized Version) "captains," and is in the Syrian king's mouth. The word is not used before Kings. It is used by the writer of Kings three times; of Chronicles, once; by Ezra, six times; in Nehemiah, eight times; in Esther, three times; in Daniel, four times; and in the remaining prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Haggai, Malachi, ten times in all. The Authorized Version, out of the whole number of these occurrences of the word, has rendered it "captains" thirteen times; "deputies," twice; and "governors," twenty times. 9:13-31 The imports here mentioned, would show that prosperity drew the minds of Solomon and his subjects to the love of things curious and uncommon, though useless in themselves. True wisdom and happiness are always united together; but no such alliance exists between wealth and the enjoyment of the things of this life. Let us then acquaint ourselves with the Saviour, that we may find rest for our souls. Here is Solomon reigning in wealth and power, in ease and fulness, the like of which could never since be found; for the most known of the great princes of the earth were famed for their wars; whereas Solomon reigned forty years in profound peace. The promise was fulfilled, that God would give him riches and honour, such as no kings have had or shall have. The lustre wherein he appeared, was typical of the spiritual glory of the kingdom of the Messiah, and but a faint representation of His throne, which is above every throne. Here is Solomon dying, and leaving all his wealth and power to one who he knew would be a fool! Ec 2:18,19. This was not only vanity, but vexation of spirit. Neither power, wealth, nor wisdom, can ward off or prepare for the stroke of death. But thanks be to God who giveth the victory to the true believer, even over this dreaded enemy, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
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Alphabetical: all Also and Arabia besides brought by country gold governors in including kings land merchants not of revenues silver Solomon that the to traders which

OT History: 2 Chronicles 9:14 Besides that which the traders and merchants (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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