1 Timothy 5:3
New International Version
Give proper recognition to those widows who are really in need.

New Living Translation
Take care of any widow who has no one else to care for her.

English Standard Version
Honor widows who are truly widows.

Berean Study Bible
Support the widows who are truly in need.

Berean Literal Bible
Honor widows who are truly widows.

New American Standard Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

King James Bible
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Christian Standard Bible
Support widows who are genuinely in need.

Contemporary English Version
Take care of any widow who is really in need.

Good News Translation
Show respect for widows who really are all alone.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Support widows who are genuinely widows.

International Standard Version
Honor widows who have no other family members to care for them.

NET Bible
Honor widows who are truly in need.

New Heart English Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Honor widows who have no families.

New American Standard 1977
Honor widows who are widows indeed;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

King James 2000 Bible
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American King James Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

American Standard Version
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Honour widows, that are widows indeed.

Darby Bible Translation
Honour widows who are really widows;

English Revised Version
Honour widows that are widows indeed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Weymouth New Testament
Honour widows who are really in need.

World English Bible
Honor widows who are widows indeed.

Young's Literal Translation
honour widows who are really widows;
Study Bible
Support for Widows
2older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity. 3Support the widows who are truly in need. 4But if a widow has children or grandchildren, they must first learn to show godliness to their own family and repay their parents, for this is pleasing in the sight of God.…
Cross References
Acts 6:1
In those days when the disciples were increasing in number, the Grecian Jews began to grumble against the Hebraic Jews, because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.

Acts 9:39
So Peter got up and went with them. On his arrival, they took him to the upper room. All the widows stood around him, weeping and showing him the tunics and other clothing that Dorcas had made while she was still with them.

Acts 9:41
Peter took her by the hand and helped her up. Then he called the saints and widows and presented her to them alive.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with absolute purity.

1 Timothy 5:5
The widow who is truly in need and left all alone puts her hope in God and continues night and day in her petitions and prayers.

1 Timothy 5:16
If any believing woman has dependent widows, she must assist them and not allow the church to be burdened, so that it can help the widows who are truly in need.

Treasury of Scripture

Honor widows that are widows indeed.

Honour.

1 Timothy 5:2,17
The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity…

Exodus 20:12
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Matthew 15:6
And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.

widows.

1 Timothy 5:9
Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man,

Deuteronomy 10:18
He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Deuteronomy 14:29
And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.

indeed.

1 Timothy 5:4,5,9-11,16
But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God…

Luke 2:37
And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.

John 1:47
Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!







Lexicon
Support
τίμα (tima)
Verb - Present Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5091: From timios; to prize, i.e. Fix a valuation upon; by implication, to revere.

[the] widows
Χήρας (Chēras)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5503: Feminine of a presumed derivative apparently from the base of chasma through the idea of deficiency; a widow, literally or figuratively.

who [are]
τὰς (tas)
Article - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

truly
ὄντως (ontōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3689: Really, truly, actually. Adverb of the oblique cases of on; really.

[in need].
χήρας (chēras)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5503: Feminine of a presumed derivative apparently from the base of chasma through the idea of deficiency; a widow, literally or figuratively.
(3) Honour widows that are widows indeed.--The mention of the relations of a pastor to the female members of the flock suggests another train of thought. Christianity had, during the thirty years of its history, developed a perfectly new existence for women who professed the faith of Jesus of Nazareth. In the Master's new and strange (new and strange to the civilised world of that day) command--that the poor, the needy, and the sick should be succoured, that the helpless should be helped, and the comfortless comforted--a blessed calling was invented. so to speaks for Christian women. Their secluded and, in many respects, degraded life in the old world was, in great measure, owing to the fact that till Christ taught the universal duty of charity, women had no recognised public occupation in the world. The charge of the Founder of the new religion provided an endless variety of blessed, happiness-giving work for women of all ages and rank.

The novel prominence, however, of females in such great centres as Ephesus not only necessitated some organisation which should administer the alms, and generally watch over and direct the self-sacrificing labours of the female portion of the community, but also required special vigilance, on the part of the chief pastor and his assistant presbyters and deacons, to prevent the charities of the Church being misused. The widow--the desolate and destitute, the mourning widow indeed, she who is in every sense a widow and has no one to whom to look for aid--she always has a claim on the Church. Not merely is she to be honoured by a simple exhibition of respect, but she is to be assisted and supported out of the alms of the faithful.

Verse 3. - Honor (τίμα). The use of the verb τιμάω in the comment on the fourth commandment in Matthew 15:4-6, where the withholding of the honor due consists in saying, "It is corban, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me," and so withholding the honor due, shows clearly that in the notion of honoring is included that material support which their condition as widows required. So again in ver. 17 of this chapter, the "double honor" due to elders who labor in the Word and doctrine is clearly shown by ver. 18 to include payment for their maintenance. This is also borne out by the frequent use of τιμή in the sense of "price" (Matthew 27:6, 9; Acts 4:34; Acts 7:16; Acts 19:19; 1 Corinthians 6:20, etc.). The passage might, therefore, be paraphrased, "Pay due regard to the wants of those widows who are widows indeed." The "honor" here prescribed would be exactly the opposite to the "neglect" (παρεθεωροῦντο) complained of by the Grecian Jews (Acts 6:1). The same idea is in the Latin honorarium, for a fee. Widows indeed; i.e. really, as in vers. 5 and 16, desolate and alone. We learn from this passage that the care of widows by the whole Church, which began at Jerusalem in the very infancy of the Church, was continued in the Churches planted by St. Paul. We find the same institution though somewhat different in character, in subsequent ages of the Church. Widowhood, as well as virginity, became a religious profession, and widows were admitted with certain ceremonies, including the placing on their heads a veil consecrated by the bishop. Deaconesses were very frequently chosen from the ranks of the widows (Bingham, 'Antiq.,' bk. 7. 1 Timothy 4.). 5:3-8 Honour widows that are widows indeed, relieve them, and maintain them. It is the duty of children, if their parents are in need, and they are able to relieve them, to do it to the utmost of their power. Widowhood is a desolate state; but let widows trust in the Lord, and continue in prayer. All who live in pleasure, are dead while they live, spiritually dead, dead in trespasses and sins. Alas, what numbers there are of this description among nominal Christians, even to the latest period of life! If any men or women do not maintain their poor relations, they in effect deny the faith. If they spend upon their lusts and pleasures, what should maintain their families, they have denied the faith, and are worse than infidels. If professors of the gospel give way to any corrupt principle or conduct, they are worse than those who do not profess to believe the doctrines of grace.
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