1 Samuel 7:17
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New International Version
But he always went back to Ramah, where his home was, and there he also held court for Israel. And he built an altar there to the LORD.

New Living Translation
Then he would return to his home at Ramah, and he would hear cases there, too. And Samuel built an altar to the LORD at Ramah.

English Standard Version
Then he would return to Ramah, for his home was there, and there also he judged Israel. And he built there an altar to the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, and there he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Then his return was to Ramah, for his house was there, and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar to the LORD.

King James Bible
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, he judged Israel there, and he built an altar to the LORD there.

Contemporary English Version
Then he would go back to his home in Ramah and do the same thing there. He also had an altar built for the LORD at Ramah.

Good News Translation
Then he would go back to his home in Ramah, where also he would serve as judge. In Ramah he built an altar to the LORD.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, he judged Israel there, and he built an altar to the LORD there.

International Standard Version
He would return to Ramah because his house was there, and judged Israel from there. He also built an altar to the LORD there.

NET Bible
Then he would return to Ramah, because his home was there. He also judged Israel there and built an altar to the LORD there.

New Heart English Bible
His return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar to the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he would return home to Ramah. There, too, he judged Israel. And in Ramah he built an altar to the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar unto the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
Then his return was to Ramah, for his house was there, and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar to the LORD.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he would return to Ramah, for there was his house, and there he judged Israel, and there he built an altar unto the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the LORD.

American King James Version
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

American Standard Version
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar unto Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he returned to Ramatha, for there was his house, and there he judged Israel: he built also there an altar to the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house, and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to Jehovah.

English Revised Version
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar unto the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

World English Bible
His return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar to Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and his returning is to Ramath, for there is his house, and there he hath judged Israel, and he buildeth there an altar to Jehovah.
Study Bible
Samuel Subdues the Philistines
16Every year he would go on a circuit from Bethel to Gilgal to Mizpah, judging Israel in all these places. 17Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, and there he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.
Cross References
Judges 21:4
The next day the people got up early, built an altar there, and presented burnt offerings and peace offerings.

1 Samuel 1:1
Now there was a man named Elkanah who was from Ramathaim-zophim in the hill country of Ephraim. He was the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

1 Samuel 1:19
The next morning Elkanah and Hannah got up early to bow in worship before the LORD, and then returned home to Ramah. And Elkanah had relations with his wife Hannah, and the LORD remembered her.

1 Samuel 2:11
Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the boy began ministering to the LORD before Eli the priest.

1 Samuel 8:4
So all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah.

1 Samuel 9:12
"Yes, he is ahead of you," they answered. "Hurry now, for today he has come to the city because the people have a sacrifice on the high place.

1 Samuel 14:35
Then Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first time he had built an altar to the LORD.

1 Samuel 15:34
Then Samuel went to Ramah, but Saul went up to his home in Gibeah of Saul.

1 Samuel 19:18
So David ran away and escaped. And he went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth and stayed there.

1 Samuel 28:3
Now by this time Samuel had died, and all Israel had mourned for him and buried him in Ramah, his own city. And Saul had removed the mediums and spiritists from the land.

Isaiah 10:29
They have crossed at the ford: "We will spend the night at Geba." Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees.

Treasury of Scripture

And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

his return

1 Samuel 1:1,19 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, …

1 Samuel 8:4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came …

1 Samuel 19:18-23 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told …

he built

1 Samuel 11:15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king …

Genesis 12:7,8 And the LORD appeared to Abram, and said, To your seed will I give …

Genesis 33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.

Genesis 35:7 And he built there an altar, and called the place Elbethel: because …

Judges 21:5 And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes …

1 Kings 18:30-36 And Elijah said to all the people, Come near to me. And all the people …







(17) Raman.--The same Ramah "of the Watchers" where Elkanah and Hannah had dwelt. After the destruction of Shiloh, Samuel seems to have fixed his abode in his father's city.

And there he built an altar.--Thus following the old custom of the patriarchs. It must be remembered that at this period there was no national sanctuary, no formal seat of worship, where the high priest and his attendant priests and Levites served. The Ark, we know, was in safe keeping in the "city of woods," Kirjath-jearim, but it was in private custody; and we hear of no priests and Levites, of no ritual or religious observances, in connection with the long sojourn of the holy Ark in that place. It is probable that the sacred vessels and furniture had been saved from the destruction of Shiloh by Samuel. These were, very likely, in the prophet-judge's safe keeping at Bamah.

Verse 17. - His return was to Ramah. We have seen that Elkanah was a large landholder there, and Samuel had now apparently succeeded to his father's place. And there he built an altar unto Jehovah. This old patriarchal custom (Genesis 12:7) long continued, and it was only gradually that local shrines and worship on high places were superseded by attendance upon the temple services at Jerusalem. At this time there was especial need for such altars. The established worship at Shiloh had been swept away, the town destroyed, the priests put to the sword, and the ark, though restored, was resting in a private dwelling. Probably Samuel had saved the sacred vessels, and much even of the tabernacle, but no mention of them is here made. We see, however, both in the erection of this altar and all through Samuel's life, that the Aaronic priesthood was in abeyance, and that he was not only prophet and judge, but also priest. In thus restoring the priesthood in his own person he was justified not merely by his powers as prophet, but by necessity. Gradually, with more prosperous times, matters returned to their regular channel; but even when Ahiah, the grandson of Eli, was with Saul (1 Samuel 14:3), he was employed not for the offering of sacrifice, but for divining with the Urim and Thummim. On a most important occasion the offering of sacrifice is spoken of as undoubtedly Samuel's right, and when he delayed his coming no mention is made of a priest, but Saul is said to have offered the victim himself (1 Samuel 13:9). It is plain, therefore, that we must not tie down the priesthood too tightly to the house of Aaron; for throughout there lies in the background the idea of a higher priesthood, and with this Samuel was invested, as being a type of him who is a Priest forever after the order of Melchisedek (comp. 1 Samuel 2:35).



And his return was to Ramah,.... When he had gone his circuit, he came back to this city, which was his native place, and where his father and mother had dwelt, see 1 Samuel 1:1.

for there was his house; and his father's house before him, and perhaps the same, 1 Samuel 1:19 and there he judged Israel; here was his fixed residence, and here he was always to be met with, except when on his circuit; and hither the people of Israel might come from all parts, to have justice done them between man and man, or receive information in matters of difficulty and importance:

and there he built an altar unto the Lord: to offer his own sacrifices, and the sacrifices of the people, either by himself, or by a priest, when the people came to have justice administered to them; or to desire him to pray for them, teach and instruct them, or to give them advice. Shiloh being destroyed, and no place appointed for the tabernacle and altar, the Jews say, high places for a private altar were lawful, and even for one that was not a priest to offer; these things, though settled by law, yet were for a time dispensed with, until things could be fixed in their proper place and order. 7:13-17 In this great revival of true religion, the ark was neither removed to Shiloh, nor placed with the tabernacle any where else. This disregard to the Levitical institutions showed that their typical meaning formed their chief use; and when that was overlooked, they became a lifeless service, not to be compared with repentance, faith, and the love of God and man.
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