1 Chronicles 12:21
New International Version
They helped David against raiding bands, for all of them were brave warriors, and they were commanders in his army.

New Living Translation
They helped David chase down bands of raiders, for they were all brave and able warriors who became commanders in his army.

English Standard Version
They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and were commanders in the army.

Berean Study Bible
They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and commanders in the army.

King James Bible
And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.

New King James Version
And they helped David against the bands of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and they were captains in the army.

New American Standard Bible
They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all valiant mighty men, and were captains in the army.

NASB 1995
They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army.

NASB 1977
And they helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army.

Amplified Bible
They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all courageous men, and [all seven] became commanders in his army.

Christian Standard Bible
They helped David against the raiders, for they were all valiant warriors and commanders in the army.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They helped David against the raiders, for they were all brave warriors and commanders in the army.

American Standard Version
And they helped David against the band of rovers: for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the host.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they fought on the side of David against a troop, for they were all men of might; and they were commanders in the army, because of their might.

Contemporary English Version
and brave soldiers, and so David made them officers in his army. They fought on his side when enemy troops attacked.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These helped David against the rovers: for they were all most valiant men, and were made commanders in the army.

English Revised Version
And they helped David against the band of rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.

Good News Translation
They served David as officers over his troops, because they were all outstanding soldiers. Later they were officers in the Israelite army.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They helped David fight raiding parties because they were all warriors, commanders in the army.

International Standard Version
They helped David against raiders, since they were all warriors and commanders in the army.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they helped David against the troop, for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.

Literal Standard Version
and they have helped with David over the troop, for all of them [are] mighty men of valor, and they are captains in the host,

NET Bible
They helped David fight against raiding bands, for all of them were warriors and leaders in the army.

New Heart English Bible
They helped David against the band of rovers: for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army.

World English Bible
They helped David against the band of rovers: for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army.

Young's Literal Translation
and they have helped with David over the troop, for mighty of valour are all of them, and they are captains in the host,

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
The Mighty Men Join David at Ziklag
20When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh. 21They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and commanders in the army. 22For at that time men came to David day after day to help him, until he had a great army, like the army of God.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 30:1
On the third day David and his men arrived in Ziklag, and the Amalekites had raided the Negev, attacked Ziklag, and burned it down.

1 Chronicles 12:20
When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.


Treasury of Scripture

And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the host.

against the band.

1 Samuel 30:1-17
And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; …

mighty men

1 Chronicles 12:20
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

1 Chronicles 5:24
And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.

1 Chronicles 11:10,21,22
These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel…









(21) And they helped David against the band of the rovers.--So the Vulg. and Syr. The Heb. text has been called "brief and unintelligible," and its explanation has been sought in 1Samuel 30:8; 1Samuel 30:15, where "the band" (hagged-d, as here) of Amalek, which had captured and burnt Ziklag in David's absence, is spoken of. But why may we not render, "And these helped David over the band," i.e., in the joint command of his forces. (Comp. 1Chronicles 12:18, "made them captains of the band.") It is pretty clear that the names enumerated (1Chronicles 12:1-20) are those of captains and chiefs, not of ordinary warriors. (Comp, 1Chronicles 12:14; 1Chronicles 12:18.) Consequently 1Chronicles 12:21-22 form a subscription or concluding remark to the entire list.

Verse 21. - The band. The band referred to is evidently that of Amalek in 1 Samuel 30:8, 9. Were captains; better, became captains.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
They
וְהֵ֗מָּה (wə·hêm·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

helped
עָזְר֤וּ (‘ā·zə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5826: To surround, protect, aid

David
דָּוִיד֙ (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

against
עַֽל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the raiders,
הַגְּד֔וּד (hag·gə·ḏūḏ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1416: A band, troop

for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew

they were
וַיִּהְי֥וּ (way·yih·yū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

all
חַ֖יִל (ḥa·yil)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

mighty warriors
גִבּ֥וֹרֵי (ḡib·bō·w·rê)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1368: Powerful, warrior, tyrant

and commanders
שָׂרִ֖ים (śā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

in the army.
בַּצָּבָֽא׃ (baṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 12:21 They helped David against the band (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 12:20
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