1 Chronicles 12:20
New International Version
When David went to Ziklag, these were the men of Manasseh who defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, leaders of units of a thousand in Manasseh.

New Living Translation
Here is a list of the men from Manasseh who defected to David as he was returning to Ziklag: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. Each commanded 1,000 troops from the tribe of Manasseh.

English Standard Version
As he went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh deserted to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

Berean Study Bible
When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

New American Standard Bible
As he went to Ziklag there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

King James Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

Christian Standard Bible
When David went to Ziklag, some men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

Contemporary English Version
That's when the following men from Manasseh joined him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. They had all been commanders in Saul's army

Good News Translation
These are the soldiers from Manasseh who went over to David's side when he was returning: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. In Manasseh they had all commanded units of a thousand men.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When David went to Ziklag, some men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

International Standard Version
As he traveled toward Ziklag, these descendants of Manasseh joined him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders in charge thousands in Manasseh.

NET Bible
When David went to Ziklag, the men of Manasseh who joined him were Adnach, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of a thousand soldiers each in the tribe of Manasseh.

New Heart English Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who were of Manasseh.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When David went to Ziklag, these men from Manasseh deserted to join him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. Each one was an officer over 1,000 men in Manasseh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

New American Standard 1977
As he went to Ziklag, there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

Jubilee Bible 2000
As he went to Ziklag, there passed over to him of Manasseh, Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zilthai, heads of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

King James 2000 Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there deserted to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zellethai, captains of the thousands that were from Manasseh.

American King James Version
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

American Standard Version
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So when he went back to Siceleg, m there fled to him of Manasses, Ednas and Jozabad, and Jedihel, and Michael, and Ednas, and Jozabad, and Eliu, and Salathi, captains of thousands in Manasses.

Darby Bible Translation
As he went away to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh: Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

English Revised Version
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

World English Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who were of Manasseh.

Young's Literal Translation
In his going unto Ziglag there have fallen unto him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillthai, heads of the thousands that are of Manasseh;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Mighty Men Join David at Ziklag
19Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, “It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.”) 20When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh. 21They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty warriors and commanders in the army.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 29:3
The commanders of the Philistines asked, "What about these Hebrews?" Achish replied, "Is this not David, the servant of King Saul of Israel? He has been with me all these days, even years, and from the day he defected until today I have found no fault in him."

1 Chronicles 8:20
Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel,

1 Chronicles 12:19
Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, "It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.")

1 Chronicles 12:21
They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty warriors and commanders in the army.

Treasury of Scripture

As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

As he went
These captains of Manasseh seem to have met David as he was returning from the army of the Philistines to Ziklag. It is probable that they did not bring their companies with them; yet they both assured him of future assistance, and very seasonably helped him against the Amalekites who had spoiled Ziklag.

1 Samuel 29:11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return …

captains

Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as …

Deuteronomy 1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made …

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are …







Lexicon
When David went
בְּלֶכְתּ֣וֹ (bə·leḵ·tōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew

Ziklag,
צִֽיקְלַ֗ג (ṣî·qə·laḡ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6860: Ziklag -- a city assigned to Judah, also to Simeon

these men of Manasseh
מִֽמְּנַשֶּׁ֡ה (mim·mə·naš·šeh)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites

defected
נָפְל֣וּ (nā·p̄ə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

to him:
עָלָ֣יו ׀ (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Adnah,
עַ֠דְנַח (‘aḏ·naḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5734: Adnah -- 'pleasure', two Israelites

Jozabad,
וְיוֹזָבָ֤ד (wə·yō·w·zā·ḇāḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3107: Jozabad

Jediael,
וִידִֽיעֲאֵל֙ (wî·ḏî·‘ă·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3043: Jediael -- 'knowing God', three Israelites

Michael,
וּמִיכָאֵ֣ל (ū·mî·ḵā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4317: Michael -- 'Who is like God?' an angel, also a number of Israelites

Jozabad,
וְיוֹזָבָ֔ד (wə·yō·w·zā·ḇāḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3107: Jozabad

Elihu,
וֶאֱלִיה֖וּא (we·’ĕ·lî·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 453: Elihu -- 'He is (my) God', five Israelites

and Zillethai,
וְצִלְּתָ֑י (wə·ṣil·lə·ṯāy)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6769: Zillethai -- 'shady', two Israelites

chiefs
רָאשֵׁ֥י (rā·šê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

of thousands
הָאֲלָפִ֖ים (hā·’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Article | Number - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

in Manasseh.
לִמְנַשֶּֽׁה׃ (lim·naš·šeh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites
(20) As he went to Ziklag.--On his dismissal by the Philistine princes, David returned with his men to Ziklag (1Samuel 30:1). On the way he was joined by the Manassite chieftains, probably before the battle which decided the fate of Saul and his sons (1Samuel 29:11).

Jozabad.--The repetition may be a scribe's error. (Comp. 1Chronicles 12:10; 1Chronicles 12:13, where we find the name Jeremiah given twice over.)

Captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.--(Comp. Numbers 31:14; and 1Chronicles 13:1; 1Chronicles 15:25; 1Chronicles 26:26.) The term "thousand" interchanges with "father-house" (clan); and perhaps each clan originally furnished 1,000 warriors to the tribal host.

Verse 20. - Although those of Manasseh who wished to ally themselves with David did not - most providentially for David and his Ziklag people - have the opportunity of aiding him when, on the eve of Gilboa, he was about to aid Achish the prince of the Philistines against the Israelites and Saul, yet their help must have come in useful when, on his return "to Ziklag on the third day," he found what the Amalekites had done, and pursued them (1 Samuel 30:1-6, 11-25). Seven is the number also of Eastern Manasseh mentioned in 1 Chronicles 5:24. Nothing is now said of the men belonging to them joining with them. Jozabad. One manuscript quoted by Kennicott has for this name on its first occurrence Jechabar. It is scarcely likely that the same name should appear twice in this short list, without some qualifying mark being put to one of the two. Nothing else is known of these seven cap-talus of the thousands of Manasseh. 12:1-22 Here is an account of those who appeared and acted as David's friends, while he was persecuted. No difficulties or dangers should keep the sinner from coming to the Savior, nor drive the believer from the path of duty. Those who break through, and overcome in these attempts, will find abundant recompence. From the words of Amasai we may learn how to testify our affection and allegiance to the Lord Jesus; his we must be throughly; on his side we must be forward to appear and act. If we are under the influence of the Spirit, we shall desire to have our lot among them, and to declare ourselves on their side; if in faith and love we embrace the cause of Christ, he will receive, employ, and advance us.
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Adnah Armies Belonged Captains Chiefs David Defected Deserted Elihu Eli'hu Fallen Fell Heads Jediael Jedi'a-El Jozabad Joz'abad Leaders Manasseh Manas'seh Michael Thousand Thousands Units Ziglag Ziklag Zillethai Zil'lethai Zilthai
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Adnah Armies Belonged Captains Chiefs David Defected Deserted Elihu Eli'hu Fallen Fell Heads Jediael Jedi'a-El Jozabad Joz'abad Leaders Manasseh Manas'seh Michael Thousand Thousands Units Ziglag Ziklag Zillethai Zil'lethai Zilthai
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Alphabetical: a Adnah and As belonged captains David defected Elihu from he him in Jediael Jozabad leaders Manasseh men Michael of the there these thousand thousands to units went were When who Ziklag Zillethai

OT History: 1 Chronicles 12:20 As he went to Ziklag there fell (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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