Jump to: ISBEWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTerms
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The act of chastising; pain inflicted for punishment and correction; discipline; punishment.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

chas'-'-n-ing, chas'-tiz-ment: These two words corresponding to Hebrew mucar, and Greek paideia, are distinguished in English use, in that "chastisement" is applied to the infliction of pain, either as a punishment or for recalling to duty, while "chastening," is a wider term, indicating the discipline or training to which one is subjected, without, as in the other term, referring to the means employed to this end. The narrower term occurs in the Revised Version (British and American) but once in the New Testament and then in its verbal form, Luke 23:16: "I will therefore chastise him." the King James Version uses it also in Hebrews 12:8.

The meaning of the word paideia grows with the progress of revelation. Its full significance is unfolded in the New Testament, when reconciliation through Christ has brought into prominence the true fatherhood of God (Hebrews 12:5, 10). In the Old Testament, where it occurs about 40 times, the radical meaning is that simply of training, as in Deuteronomy 8:5: "As a man chasteneth his son, so Yahweh thy God chasteneth thee." But, as in a dispensation where the distinguishing feature is that of the strictest justice, retributive punishment becomes not only an important, but a controlling factor. in the training, as in Leviticus 26:28: "I will chastise you seven times for your sins." In this sense, it is used of chastisements inflicted by man even unjustly: "My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions" (1 Kings 12:11). As, therefore, the thought of the suffering inflicted, or that of the end toward which it is directed, preponderates, the Psalmist can pray: "Neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure" (Psalm 6:1), and take comfort in the words: "Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest" (Psalm 94:12). Hence, it is common in both the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) to find the Hebrew mucar, and Greek paideia translated as "instruction." Illustrations are most numerous in Prov.

In the New Testament the Greek paideia is used with a variety similar to its corresponding Hebrew in the Old Testament. Examples of the fundamental idea, namely, that of "training," are found in such passages as Acts 7:22; Acts 22:3, where Moses and Paul are said to have been "instructed," and 2 Timothy 3:16, where Scripture is said to be "profitable. for instruction" (compare 1 Timothy 1:20 2 Timothy 2:25; Titus 2:12 Romans 2:20). A similar, but not identical, thought, is found in Ephesians 6:4: "Nurture them in the chastening and admonition of the Lord." But when paideia is described as bringing pain, the mystery of suffering, which in the Old Testament is most fully treated in the Book of Job, at last finds its explanation. The child of God realizes that he cannot be beneath God's wrath, and hence, that the chastening which he endures is not destructive, but corrective (1 Corinthians 10:13; 1 Corinthians 11:32 2 Corinthians 6:9 Revelation 3:19). In Hebrews 12:5-11, such consolation is afforded, not, as in the above passages, by incidental allusions, but by a full argument upon the basis of Proverbs 3:11, an Old Testament text that has depth and richness that can be understood and appropriated only by those who through Christ have learned to recognize the Omnipotent Ruler of heaven and earth, as their loving and considerate Father. On the basis of this passage, a distinction is often drawn between punishment and chastisement; the former, as an act of justice, revealing wrath, and the latter, as an act of mercy, love. Since to them that are in Christ Jesus, there is no condemnation (Romans 8:1) they can suffer no punishment, but only chastisement. Where there is guilt, there is punishment; but where guilt has been removed, there can be no punishment. There being no degrees of justification, no one can be forgiven in part, with a partial guilt still set to his account for which he must yet give a reckoning, either here or hereafter. If, then, all the righteousness of Christ belongs to him, and no sin whatever remains to be forgiven, either in whole or in part, all life's sorrows are remedial agencies against danger and to train for the kingdom of heaven.

H. E. Jacobs

3809. paideia -- the rearing of a child, training, discipline
... Spelling: (pahee-di'-ah) Short Definition: discipline Definition: discipline; training
and education of children, hence: instruction; chastisement, correction. ...
// - 7k

2851. kolasis -- correction
... correction. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: kolasis Phonetic Spelling:
(kol'-as-is) Short Definition: chastisement, punishment Definition ...
// - 7k

3807. paidagogos -- a trainer of boys, ie a tutor
... under development by strict instruction") -- properly, a , authorized to train
(bring) up a child by administering discipline, chastisement, and instruction ...
// - 7k

3811. paideuo -- to train children, to chasten, correct
... This requires necessary (training), which includes administering chastisement
(punishment). 3811 ("to by ") is the root of the English terms, ", .". ...
// - 8k

Strong's Hebrew
4148. musar -- discipline, chastening, correction
... warning (1). bond, chastening eth, chastisement, check, correction, discipline.
From yacar; properly, chastisement; figuratively, reproof ...
/hebrew/4148.htm - 6k

110. Adbeel -- "disciplined of God," the third son of Ishmael
... Adbeel. Probably from 'adab (in the sense of chastisement) and 'el; disciplined
of God; Adbeel, a son of Ishmael -- Adbeel. see HEBREW 'adab. see HEBREW 'el. ...
/hebrew/110.htm - 6k

561. emer -- speech, word
... Word Origin from amar Definition speech, word NASB Word Usage arguments (1),
chastisement (1), command (1), decreed (1), promise (1), sayings (4), slander* ( ...
/hebrew/561.htm - 6k

5607. sepheq -- handclapping, mockery
... stroke, sufficiency. Or sepheq (Job 20:22; job 36:18) {seh'-fek}; from caphaq;
chastisement; also satiety -- stroke, sufficiency. see HEBREW caphaq. ...
/hebrew/5607.htm - 6k

4147. moser -- a band, bond
... Also (in plural) feminine mowcerah {mo-say-raw'}; or mocrah {mo-ser-aw'}; from yacar;
properly, chastisement, ie (by implication) a halter; figuratively ...
/hebrew/4147.htm - 6k

8433. towkechah -- rebuke, correction
... And towkachath {to-kakh'-ath}; from yakach; chastisement; figuratively (by words)
correction, refutation, proof (even in defence) -- argument, X chastened ...
/hebrew/8433.htm - 5k


... Chastisement. A Sermon (No.48). Delivered ... It is essential to observe the
distinction between punishment and chastisement. Punishment ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/chastisement.htm

a Condition in Chastisement.
... 16TH DAY. A Condition in Chastisement. "He is Faithful that Promised." "If need
be.""1 Peter 1:6. A Condition in Chastisement. Three gracious words! ...
/.../macduff/the faithful promiser/16th day a condition in.htm

Love in Chastisement.
... 15TH DAY. Love in Chastisement. "He is Faithful that Promised." "As many as I love,
I rebuke and chasten.""Revelation 3:19. Love in Chastisement. ...
/.../macduff/the faithful promiser/15th day love in chastisement.htm

Thanksgiving after Chastisement.
... XXI. THANKSGIVING AFTER CHASTISEMENT. (Preached on the Cessation of Cholera,
Feb.1832). TEXT: Hebrews 12:11, 12. MY devout friends ...
/.../selected sermons of schleiermacher/xxi thanksgiving after chastisement.htm

Twenty-Ninth Day. Holiness and Chastisement.
... Twenty-ninth Day. Holiness and Chastisement. 'He chasteneth us ... in blessing.
Chastisement leads to the acceptance of God's will. We ...
/.../murray/holy in christ/twenty-ninth day holiness and chastisement.htm

Of the Measure of the Chastisement to be Undertaken, and the ...
... Prolegomena. Chapter IX. Of the measure of the chastisement to be undertaken,
and the remedy of fasting. The perfection then of ...
/.../cassian/the works of john cassian /chapter ix of the measure.htm

Psalm 103 Part 2 God's Gentle Chastisement; Or, his Tender Mercy ...
... THE PSALMS OF DAVID PSALM 103 PART 2 God's gentle chastisement; or, His tender
mercy to his people. v.8-18 LM. God's gentle chastisement ...
/.../watts/the psalms and hymns of isaac watts/psalm 103 part 2 gods.htm

Good Friday. Morning. He was Wounded for Our Transgressions, He ...
... He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the
chastisement of our peace was upon Him, and with His stripes we are healed. ...
/.../winkworth/lyra germanica the christian year/good friday morning he was.htm

That a Man Ought not to Reckon Himself Worthy of Consolation, but ...
... THE THIRD BOOK. ON INWARD CONSOLATION CHAPTER LII That a man ought not to reckon
himself worthy of consolation, but more worthy of chastisement. ...
// of christ/chapter lii that a man.htm

The Fifty-Second Chapter: a Man Ought not to Consider Himself ...
... INTERNAL CONSOLATION The Fifty-Second Chapter: A Man Ought Not to Consider Himself
Worthy of Consolation, But Rather Deserving of Chastisement. The Disciple ...
/.../kempis/the imitation of christ/the fifty-second chapter a man.htm

Chastisement (24 Occurrences)
... CHASTENING; CHASTISEMENT. ... Since to them that are in Christ Jesus, there is no
condemnation (Romans 8:1) they can suffer no punishment, but only chastisement. ...
/c/chastisement.htm - 18k

Chastening (11 Occurrences)
... CHASTENING; CHASTISEMENT. ... Since to them that are in Christ Jesus, there is no
condemnation (Romans 8:1) they can suffer no punishment, but only chastisement. ...
/c/chastening.htm - 15k

Discipline (63 Occurrences)
... 5. (n.) Correction; chastisement; punishment inflicted by way of correction and
training. ... See CHASTISEMENT; and for ecclesiastical discipline see CHURCH. ...
/d/discipline.htm - 25k

Correction (26 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) The act of reproving or punishing, or that which is intended to rectify
or to cure faults; punishment; discipline; chastisement. ... See CHASTISEMENT. ...
/c/correction.htm - 15k

Retribution (14 Occurrences)
... Infliction of Divine Wrath 6. Instances of Use of Orge and Thumos 7. Instances of
Use of Greek Words for "Vengeance" 8. Words Meaning "Chastisement" Not Used ...
/r/retribution.htm - 29k

Rebuke (77 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A direct and pointed reproof; a reprimand; also, chastisement; punishment.
3. (n.) Check; rebuff. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. REBUKE. ...
/r/rebuke.htm - 32k

Love (703 Occurrences)
... Had He not graven them upon the palms of His hands (Isaiah 49:15 f)? Rather than
His love being absent in the chastisement of His people, the chastisement...
/l/love.htm - 65k

Chastised (11 Occurrences)

/c/chastised.htm - 10k

Greatness (63 Occurrences)
... Deuteronomy 11:2 Know this day: for I don't speak with your children who have not
known, and who have not seen the chastisement of Yahweh your God, his ...
/g/greatness.htm - 35k

Wounded (114 Occurrences)
... Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our
iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we ...
/w/wounded.htm - 37k

Bible Concordance
Chastisement (24 Occurrences)

1 Corinthians 11:32 But when we are judged by the Lord, chastisement follows, to save us from being condemned along with the world.

Hebrews 12:8 But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.

Leviticus 19:20 And if a man lie with a woman for copulation, and she is a bondwoman betrothed to a husband, but not at all ransomed, nor hath freedom been given to her, there shall be a chastisement: they shall not be put to death, for she was not free.

Deuteronomy 11:2 Know this day: for I don't speak with your children who have not known, and who have not seen the chastisement of Yahweh your God, his greatness, his mighty hand, and his outstretched arm,

Job 5:17 Lo, the happiness of mortal man, God doth reprove him: And the chastisement of the Mighty despise not,

Job 20:3 The chastisement of my shame I hear, And the spirit of mine understanding Doth cause me to answer:

Job 33:16 Then he openeth the ears of men, And sealeth their instruction,
(See JPS)

Job 34:31 Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:

Job 36:18 For let not wrath stir thee up against chastisements; Neither let the greatness of the ransom turn thee aside.
(Root in ASV DBY)

Psalms 73:14 For all the day long have I been plagued, And chastened every morning.
(See JPS)

Psalms 149:7 To execute vengeance upon the nations, and chastisements upon the peoples;
(Root in JPS RSV)

Proverbs 3:11 My son, despise not the instruction of Jehovah, neither be weary of his chastisement;

Proverbs 7:22 He is going after her straightway, As an ox unto the slaughter he cometh, And as a fetter unto the chastisement of a fool,

Proverbs 13:24 Whoso is sparing his rod is hating his son, And whoso is loving him hath hastened him chastisement.

Proverbs 15:10 Chastisement 'is' grievous to him who is forsaking the path, Whoso is hating reproof dieth.

Proverbs 16:22 Understanding is a well-spring of life unto him that hath it; But the correction of fools is their folly.

Proverbs 22:15 Folly is bound up in the heart of a youth, The rod of chastisement putteth it far from him.

Proverbs 23:13 Withhold not from a youth chastisement, When thou smitest him with a rod he dieth not.

Isaiah 26:16 O Jehovah, in distress they missed Thee, They have poured out a whisper, Thy chastisement 'is' on them.

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

Jeremiah 30:14 All your lovers have forgotten you; they don't seek you: for I have wounded you with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the greatness of your iniquity, because your sins were increased.

Lamentations 4:6 For the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the sin of Sodom, That was overthrown as in a moment, and no hands were laid on her.
(See RSV)

Habakkuk 1:12 Aren't you from everlasting, Yahweh my God, my Holy One? We will not die. Yahweh, you have appointed him for judgment. You, Rock, have established him to punish.
(See RSV)

Habakkuk 3:9 You uncovered your bow. You called for your sworn arrows. Selah. You split the earth with rivers.
(See NAS)



Chastisement: from God

Related Terms

Chastening (11 Occurrences)

Discipline (63 Occurrences)

Correction (26 Occurrences)

Retribution (14 Occurrences)

Rebuke (77 Occurrences)

Love (703 Occurrences)

Chastised (11 Occurrences)

Greatness (63 Occurrences)

Wounded (114 Occurrences)

Visitation (17 Occurrences)

Nebuchadnezzar (90 Occurrences)

Outstretched (40 Occurrences)

Out-stretched (17 Occurrences)

Lame (35 Occurrences)

Lamentations (6 Occurrences)

Well-being (19 Occurrences)

Foe (23 Occurrences)

Follows (65 Occurrences)

Flagrant (3 Occurrences)

Forsaking (29 Occurrences)

Rod (138 Occurrences)

Reprove (35 Occurrences)

Reproves (9 Occurrences)

Restive (1 Occurrence)

Disciplined (18 Occurrences)

Merciless (4 Occurrences)

Missed (13 Occurrences)

Malefactor (2 Occurrences)

Majesty (67 Occurrences)

Plague (142 Occurrences)

Punishment (417 Occurrences)

Payment (168 Occurrences)

Borne (172 Occurrences)

Beating (31 Occurrences)

Bruise (19 Occurrences)

Bee (1 Occurrence)

Bondwoman (17 Occurrences)

Bastards (1 Occurrence)

Chastisements (5 Occurrences)

Copulation (11 Occurrences)

Avail (15 Occurrences)

Sparing (17 Occurrences)

Smitest (5 Occurrences)

Stripes (19 Occurrences)

Sanctification (13 Occurrences)

Sword (427 Occurrences)

Hating (95 Occurrences)

Faint (76 Occurrences)

Homicide (1 Occurrence)

Mortal (35 Occurrences)

Vexed (37 Occurrences)

Happiness (54 Occurrences)

Manifold (23 Occurrences)

Whereof (94 Occurrences)

Welfare (32 Occurrences)

Lovers (57 Occurrences)

Iron (104 Occurrences)

Anymore (47 Occurrences)

Bruised (36 Occurrences)

Bear (425 Occurrences)

Stroke (26 Occurrences)

Powerful (93 Occurrences)

Affliction (120 Occurrences)

God (45911 Occurrences)

Elijah (104 Occurrences)

Wound (58 Occurrences)

Arm (110 Occurrences)

Forgotten (69 Occurrences)

Instruction (117 Occurrences)

Stretched (234 Occurrences)

Consider (178 Occurrences)


Sons (2429 Occurrences)

Numerous (88 Occurrences)

Fierce (92 Occurrences)

To-day (208 Occurrences)


Save (375 Occurrences)

Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Top of Page
Top of Page