Psalm 51:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
May it please you to prosper Zion, to build up the walls of Jerusalem.

New Living Translation
Look with favor on Zion and help her; rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.

English Standard Version
Do good to Zion in your good pleasure; build up the walls of Jerusalem;

New American Standard Bible
By Your favor do good to Zion; Build the walls of Jerusalem.

King James Bible
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In Your good pleasure, cause Zion to prosper; build the walls of Jerusalem.

International Standard Version
Show favor to Zion in your good pleasure; and rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.

NET Bible
Because you favor Zion, do what is good for her! Fortify the walls of Jerusalem!

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do good in your pleasure to Zion and build the walls of Jerusalem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Favor Zion with your goodness. Rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion; build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

King James 2000 Bible
Do good in your good pleasure unto Zion: build you the walls of Jerusalem.

American King James Version
Do good in your good pleasure to Zion: build you the walls of Jerusalem.

American Standard Version
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: Build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Deal favourably, O Lord, in thy good will with Sion; that the walls of Jerusalem may be built up.

Darby Bible Translation
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion; build the walls of Jerusalem.

English Revised Version
Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

Webster's Bible Translation
Do good in thy good pleasure to Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

World English Bible
Do well in your good pleasure to Zion. Build the walls of Jerusalem.

Young's Literal Translation
Do good in Thy good pleasure with Zion, Thou dost build the walls of Jerusalem.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

51:16-19 Those who are thoroughly convinced of their misery and danger by sin, would spare no cost to obtain the remission of it. But as they cannot make satisfaction for sin, so God cannot take any satisfaction in them, otherwise than as expressing love and duty to him. The good work wrought in every true penitent, is a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart, and sorrow for sin. It is a heart that is tender, and pliable to God's word. Oh that there were such a heart in every one of us! God is graciously pleased to accept this; it is instead of all burnt-offering and sacrifice. The broken heart is acceptable to God only through Jesus Christ; there is no true repentance without faith in him. Men despise that which is broken, but God will not. He will not overlook it, he will not refuse or reject it; though it makes God no satisfaction for the wrong done to him by sin. Those who have been in spiritual troubles, know how to pity and pray for others afflicted in like manner. David was afraid lest his sin should bring judgements upon the city and kingdom. No personal fears or troubles of conscience can make the soul, which has received grace, careless about the interests of the church of God. And let this be the continued joy of all the redeemed, that they have redemption through the blood of Christ, the forgiveness of sins according to the riches of his grace.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 18, 19. - That this is an addition made to the original psalm, during the time of the Babylonian exile, or later, for liturgical purposes, has been maintained by a large number of the commentators who ascribe the rest of the psalm to David. The chief ground for the supposition is the prayer in ver. 18, "Build thou the walls of Jerusalem," which has been supposed to imply that the walls were in ruins, whereas under David they should have been, it is thought, in good condition. But it has been pointed out, very justly, that the fortifications of Jerusalem were not complete in David's time, and that both he and Solomon added considerably to them (2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Kings 3:1; 1 Kings 9:15, 19). David may well have thought that, as a punishment for his sin, God might interfere with the work which he was doing for the benefit of his people, and hence have felt it needful to pray, "Do good unto Zion: build thou the wails of Jerusalem." Verse 18. - Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion. It is characteristic of David to pass from prayer for himself to prayer for the people committed to him, and especially to do so at or near the end of a psalm (see Psalm 5:11, 12; Psalm 25:22; Psalm 28:9; Psalm 40:16). And he closely connects - nay, identifies - the people with their capital city (see Psalm 46:4; Psalm 48:11: 69:35, etc.). Build thou the walls of Jerusalem. Josephus says that David encompassed the whole city of Jerusalem with walls ('Ant. Jud.,' 7:3, § 2); and we are told, in the Second Book of Samuel, that he "built round about from Mille and inward." It has been argued that his walls were just approaching their completion at the time of his great sin (Christian Observer, No. 333).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion,.... This verse, and Psalm 51:19, are thought, by a Spanish Rabbi mentioned by Aben Ezra, to have been added by one of the holy men that lived in the time of the Babylonish captivity; though rather it is thought, by the latter, to be written by David, under a spirit of prophecy, concerning, times to come; and so Kimchi thinks they are prophetic of future things; of the destruction of the first and second temple, and of the acceptableness of sacrifices in the times of the Messiah: and by Zion is meant the church, under the Gospel dispensation, Hebrews 12:22; and the "good" prayed for includes all the good and glorious things spoken of the church of Christ in the latter day; such as an increase of its numbers, the bringing in the fulness of the Gentiles, the conversion of the Jews, and the kingdoms of this world becoming the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ; the spread of the Gospel all over the world, the purity of Gospel doctrine, worship, and ordinances, the spirituality of religion, the power of godliness, and an abounding of brotherly love, and the like. The "good pleasure" of God, in which this is desired to be done, may denote either , "the acceptable time"; or "time of good pleasure"; the Gospel dispensation, so called Isaiah 49:8, in which it has been foretold, and may be expected these things shall be done; or else the cause, source, and spring of them, which is the sovereign good will and pleasure of God, from whence flow all the blessings of grace and goodness;

build thou the walls of Jerusalem; not literally taken; for these do not appear to have stood in need of being repaired or rebuilt in David's time; but the church of God, which is a spiritual house, built up of lively stones, true believers; which may be said to be more and more built up by an addition of such unto it: it is as a city compact together, whose walls are salvation, and its gates praise, Isaiah 26:1; of the wall of the new Jerusalem, see Revelation 21:12.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. Do good, &c.—Visit not my sin on Thy Church.

build … walls—is to show favor; compare Ps 89:40, for opposite form and idea.

Psalm 51:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
Create in Me a Clean Heart, O God
17The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; A broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise. 18By Your favor do good to Zion; Build the walls of Jerusalem. 19Then You will delight in righteous sacrifices, In burnt offering and whole burnt offering; Then young bulls will be offered on Your altar.
Cross References
Psalm 69:35
for God will save Zion and rebuild the cities of Judah. Then people will settle there and possess it;

Psalm 102:16
For the LORD will rebuild Zion and appear in his glory.

Psalm 122:7
May there be peace within your walls and security within your citadels."

Psalm 147:2
The LORD builds up Jerusalem; he gathers the exiles of Israel.

Isaiah 51:3
The LORD will surely comfort Zion and will look with compassion on all her ruins; he will make her deserts like Eden, her wastelands like the garden of the LORD. Joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the sound of singing.
Treasury of Scripture

Do good in your good pleasure to Zion: build you the walls of Jerusalem.

Do

Psalm 25:22 Redeem Israel, O God, out of all his troubles.

Psalm 102:16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.

Psalm 122:6-9 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love you…

Psalm 137:5,6 If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning…

Isaiah 62:1,6,7 For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake …

Jeremiah 51:50 You that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still: remember …

2 Corinthians 11:28,29 Beside those things that are without, that which comes on me daily, …

thy

Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to …

Ephesians 1:5,9 Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ …

Philippians 2:13 For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

2 Thessalonians 1:11 Why also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy …

build

Nehemiah 2:17 Then said I to them, You see the distress that we are in, how Jerusalem …

Isaiah 58:12 And they that shall be of you shall build the old waste places: you …

Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand…

Micah 7:11 In the day that your walls are to be built, in that day shall the …

Zechariah 2:5 For I, said the LORD, will be to her a wall of fire round about, …

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