Matthew 26:74
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then he began to call down curses, and he swore to them, "I don't know the man!" Immediately a rooster crowed.

New Living Translation
Peter swore, "A curse on me if I'm lying--I don't know the man!" And immediately the rooster crowed.

English Standard Version
Then he began to invoke a curse on himself and to swear, “I do not know the man.” And immediately the rooster crowed.

New American Standard Bible
Then he began to curse and swear, "I do not know the man!" And immediately a rooster crowed.

King James Bible
Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he started to curse and to swear with an oath, "I do not know the man!" Immediately a rooster crowed,

International Standard Version
Then he began to curse violently. "I don't know the man!" he swore solemnly. Just then a rooster crowed.

NET Bible
At that he began to curse, and he swore with an oath, "I do not know the man!" At that moment a rooster crowed.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he began to curse and to swear, “I do not know the man”, and at that moment, a cock crowed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Peter began to curse and swear with an oath, "I don't know the man!" Just then a rooster crowed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately a cock crew.

King James 2000 Bible
Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crowed.

American King James Version
Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

American Standard Version
Then began he to curse and to swear, I know not the man. And straightway the cock crew.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then he began to curse and to swear that he knew not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

Darby Bible Translation
Then he began to curse and to swear, I know not the man. And immediately [the] cock crew.

English Revised Version
Then began he to curse and to swear, I know not the man. And straightway the cock crew.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crowed.

Weymouth New Testament
Then with curses and oaths he declared, "I do not know the man." Immediately a cock crowed,

World English Bible
Then he began to curse and to swear, "I don't know the man!" Immediately the rooster crowed.

Young's Literal Translation
Then began he to anathematise, and to swear -- 'I have not known the man;' and immediately did a cock crow,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

26:69-75 Peter's sin is truly related, for the Scriptures deal faithfully. Bad company leads to sin: those who needlessly thrust themselves into it, may expect to be tempted and insnared, as Peter. They scarcely can come out of such company without guilt or grief, or both. It is a great fault to be shy of Christ; and to dissemble our knowledge of him, when we are called to own him, is, in effect, to deny him. Peter's sin was aggravated; but he fell into the sin by surprise, not as Judas, with design. But conscience should be to us as the crowing of the cock, to put us in mind of the sins we had forgotten. Peter was thus left to fall, to abate his self-confidence, and render him more modest, humble, compassionate, and useful to others. The event has taught believers many things ever since, and if infidels, Pharisees, and hypocrites stumble at it or abuse it, it is at their peril. Little do we know how we should act in very difficult situations, if we were left to ourselves. Let him, therefore, that thinketh he standeth, take heed lest he fall; let us all distrust our own hearts, and rely wholly on the Lord. Peter wept bitterly. Sorrow for sin must not be slight, but great and deep. Peter, who wept so bitterly for denying Christ, never denied him again, but confessed him often in the face of danger. True repentance for any sin will be shown by the contrary grace and duty; that is a sign of our sorrowing not only bitterly, but sincerely.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 74. - To curse and to swear. Peter fortifies this, his third denial, by imprecating curses on himself (καταθεματίζειν) if he spake not the truth, and again (ver. 72) confirming his assertion by a solemn oath. There is a certain gradation in his denials: he first simply asserts; he then asserts with an oath; lastly, he adds curses to his oath. "One temptation unresisted seldom fails to be followed by another; a second and greater infidelity is the punishment of the first, and often the cause of a third. Peter joins perjury to infidelity. Deplorable progress of infidelity and blindness in an apostle in so short a time, only out of fear of some under servants, and in respect of a Master whom he had acknowledged very God. He might possibly have proceeded even as far as Judas, had God left him any longer to himself" (Quesnel). Immediately the cock crew. This was the second crowing (Mark 14:72); the first had been heard at the first denial (Mark 14:68).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then began he to curse, and to swear,.... He swore before, and now he began "to curse"; not Christ, as Saul compelled some to blaspheme him, who professed him, and as the Jews formerly cursed Christ, and his followers, in their synagogues: for Peter's crime was bad enough, it need not be made worse than it was: he could never call Jesus accursed; in so doing he would have sinned the sin against the Holy Ghost; but he cursed himself; "he began to imprecate himself", as the Arabic version renders it; he made dreadful imprecations and wishes; wished that all the miseries and calamities he could think of might fall upon him, if he was one of the disciples of Jesus of Nazareth, or knew anything of him: saying,

I know not the man; if I do, God do so to me, or more also: let vengeance light upon me; may I be the most miserable creature in the world, if I know anything of him,

and immediately the cock crew: as he was swearing and cursing in this manner; as soon as ever the words were out of his mouth, and he had in this sad and solemn manner three times denied that he knew Christ, or was ever with him, or a disciple of his. It is forbid, by a Jewish canon, to keep cocks at Jerusalem; it runs thus (c):

"they do not bring up cocks in Jerusalem, because of the holy things, neither do the priests in all the land of Israel, because of the purifications.

Whether this canon was then in being, or how it was dispensed with, or whether there was any particular providence in the cock being here now, and so nigh the high priest's palace, is not certain; but one there was: nor can the Jews deny that there were cocks at Jerusalem; for they themselves speak of a cock, (d), "that was stoned at Jerusalem",

(c) Misn. Bava Kama, c. 7. sect. 7. T. Bab. Bava Kama, fol. 82. 2. Abot R. Nathan, c. 35. Maimon. Hilch. Beth Habechirah, c. 7. sect. 14. Shalshelet Hakabala, fol. 9. 2.((d) T. Hieros Erubin, fol. 26. 1. Caphtor, fol. 42. 1.



Matthew 26:74 Additional Commentaries
Context
Peter Denies Jesus
73A little later the bystanders came up and said to Peter, "Surely you too are one of them; for even the way you talk gives you away." 74Then he began to curse and swear, "I do not know the man!" And immediately a rooster crowed. 75And Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said, "Before a rooster crows, you will deny Me three times." And he went out and wept bitterly.
Cross References
Matthew 26:34
"Truly I tell you," Jesus answered, "this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times."

Matthew 26:73
After a little while, those standing there went up to Peter and said, "Surely you are one of them; your accent gives you away."

Matthew 26:75
Then Peter remembered the word Jesus had spoken: "Before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times." And he went outside and wept bitterly.

John 18:27
Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.
Treasury of Scripture

Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

began.

Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

Judges 17:2 And he said to his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that …

Judges 21:18 However, we may not give them wives of our daughters: for the children …

1 Samuel 14:24-28 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured …

Mark 14:71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of …

Acts 23:12-14 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound …

Romans 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers, …

1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.

saying.

Matthew 10:28,32,33 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul…

John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, Simon, son of …

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

And.

Mark 14:30,68,72 And Jesus said to him, Truly I say to you, That this day, even in …

Luke 22:60 And Peter said, Man, I know not what you say. And immediately, while …

John 18:27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.

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