Ezekiel 20:46
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New International Version
"Son of man, set your face toward the south; preach against the south and prophesy against the forest of the southland.

New Living Translation
"Son of man, turn and face the south and speak out against it; prophesy against the brushlands of the Negev.

English Standard Version
“Son of man, set your face toward the southland; preach against the south, and prophesy against the forest land in the Negeb.

New American Standard Bible
"Son of man, set your face toward Teman, and speak out against the south and prophesy against the forest land of the Negev,

King James Bible
Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Son of man, face the south and preach against it. Prophesy against the forest land in the Negev,

International Standard Version
"Son of Man, turn to the south and oppose it, talking toward the south.

NET Bible
"Son of man, turn toward the south, and speak out against the south. Prophesy against the open scrub land of the Negev,

New Heart English Bible
"Son of man, set your face toward the south, and drop your word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Son of man, turn to the south, preach against the south, and prophesy against the forest in the Negev.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Son of man, set thy face toward the South, and preach toward the South, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;

New American Standard 1977
“Son of man, set your face toward Teman, and speak out against the south, and prophesy against the forest land of the Negev,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Son of man, set thy face toward the south and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

King James 2000 Bible
Son of man, set your face toward the south, and proclaim your word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

American King James Version
Son of man, set your face toward the south, and drop your word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

American Standard Version
Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Son of man, set thy face against the way of the south, and drop towards the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field.

Darby Bible Translation
Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [words] against the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

English Revised Version
Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;

Webster's Bible Translation
Son of man, set thy face towards the south, and drop thy word towards the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

World English Bible
Son of man, set your face toward the south, and drop [your word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;

Young's Literal Translation
Son of man, set thy face the way of Teman, and prophesy unto the south, and prophesy unto the forest of the field -- the south;
Study Bible
A Prophecy against the South
45Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 46"Son of man, set your face toward Teman, and speak out against the south and prophesy against the forest land of the Negev, 47and say to the forest of the Negev, 'Hear the word of the LORD: thus says the Lord GOD, "Behold, I am about to kindle a fire in you, and it will consume every green tree in you, as well as every dry tree; the blazing flame will not be quenched and the whole surface from south to north will be burned by it.…
Cross References
Isaiah 30:6
The oracle concerning the beasts of the Negev. Through a land of distress and anguish, From where come lioness and lion, viper and flying serpent, They carry their riches on the backs of young donkeys And their treasures on camels' humps, To a people who cannot profit them;

Jeremiah 13:19
The cities of the Negev have been locked up, And there is no one to open them; All Judah has been carried into exile, Wholly carried into exile.

Ezekiel 20:45
Now the word of the LORD came to me, saying,

Ezekiel 21:2
"Son of man, set your face toward Jerusalem, and speak against the sanctuaries and prophesy against the land of Israel;

Ezekiel 21:4
"Because I will cut off from you the righteous and the wicked, therefore My sword will go forth from its sheath against all flesh from south to north.

Amos 7:16
"Now hear the word of the LORD: you are saying, 'You shall not prophesy against Israel nor shall you speak against the house of Isaac.'
Treasury of Scripture

Son of man, set your face toward the south, and drop your word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

set

Ezekiel 4:7 Therefore you shall set your face toward the siege of Jerusalem, …

Ezekiel 6:2 Son of man, set your face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy …

toward. Towards Judea, which lay south of Mesopotamia, where the prophet now dwelt.

and drop

Ezekiel 21:2 Son of man, set your face toward Jerusalem, and drop your word toward …

Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the …

Job 29:22 After my words they spoke not again; and my speech dropped on them.

Amos 7:16 Now therefore hear you the word of the LORD: You say, Prophesy not …

Micah 2:6 Prophesy you not, say they to them that prophesy: they shall not …

the forest The city of Jerusalem, as full of inhabitants as the forest is of trees.

Jeremiah 13:19 The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open them: …

Jeremiah 22:7 And I will prepare destroyers against you, every one with his weapons: …

Zechariah 11:1,2 Open your doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour your cedars…

Verse 46. - Drop thy word. The verb is used specially of prophetic utterances (Ezekiel 21:2; Amos 7:6; Micah 2:6, 11), and stands, therefore, in the Hebrew without an object. Toward the south. Three distinct words are used in the Hebrew for the thrice-repeated "south" of the Authorized Version.

(1) One which primarily means "the region on the right hand," sc. as a man looks to the east. which Ezekiel also uses in Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28);

(2) the "shining land," used repeatedly in Ezekiel 40, 42. (Deuteronomy 33:23; Job 37:17; Ecclesiastes 1:6; Ecclesiastes 11:3); and

(3) the Negeb, the "dry" or "parched" land, the South (always in Revised Version with a capital letter), of Joshua 15:21, and the historical books generally, the region lying to the south of Judah. The use of the three words where one might have sacrificed is, perhaps, characteristic of Ezekiel's affluence of diction. The LXX. treats all three as proper names, and transliterates them as Thaiman, Darom, and N'ageb. Against this region and its inhabitants (they, of course, are the "trees") Ezekiel is directed to utter his words of judgment. The parenthesis in the last sentence gives the key to the prophet's cypher writing. From Ezekiel's standpoint on the Chebar, the whole of Judah is as the forest of the south. The "green tree," as in Psalm 1:1, 2, is the man who is relatively righteous; the "dry tree" is the sinner whose true life is withered; the "fire" the devastation wrought by the Chaldean invaders, as executing the Divine judgment. In our Lord's words in Luke 23:31 we may probably find an echo of Ezekiel's imagery. Son of man, set thy force toward the south,.... The land of Judea, which lay south of Babylon, where the prophet now was, as Babylon lay north of that, Jeremiah 1:14 to set his face was to speak freely and boldly, with courage and constancy, and without fear and dread, to the inhabitants of it; and as a token of the Lord's face being set against them for their sins. The Targum is,

"take a prophecy towards the way of the south.''

And drop thy word toward the south; or prophesy, as the Targum; doctrine or prophecy being compared to rain, and the delivery of it to the dropping or distilling of rain; which falls gently, gradually, successively, and oftentimes with weight, and to good purpose; see Deuteronomy 32:2, which metaphorical phrase is explained in the next clause:

and prophesy against the forest of the south field; the city of Jerusalem, in the land of Judea, which was very full of people, as a forest of trees; but these barren and unfruitful, as the trees of the wood generally are; and a rendezvous of wicked persons, comparable to beasts of prey, that haunt in woods and forests. 46. south … south … south—three different Hebrew words, to express the certainty of the divine displeasure resting on the region specified. The third term is from a root meaning "dry," referring to the sun's heat in the south; representing the burning judgments of God on the southern parts of Judea, of which Jerusalem was the capital.

set thy face—determinately. The prophets used to turn themselves towards those who were to be the subjects of their prophecies.

drop—as the rain, which flows in a continuous stream, sometimes gently (De 32:2), sometimes violently (Am 7:16; Mic 2:6, Margin), as here.

forest—the densely populated country of Judea; trees representing people.20:45-49 Judah and Jerusalem had been full of people, as a forest of trees, but empty of fruit. God's word prophesies against those who bring not forth the fruits of righteousness. When He will ruin a nation, who or what can save it? The plainest truths were as parables to the people. It is common for those who will not be wrought upon by the word, to blame it.
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 20:46 Son of man set your face toward (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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