Acts 19:31
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Even some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, sent him a message begging him not to venture into the theater.

New Living Translation
Some of the officials of the province, friends of Paul, also sent a message to him, begging him not to risk his life by entering the amphitheater.

English Standard Version
And even some of the Asiarchs, who were friends of his, sent to him and were urging him not to venture into the theater.

Berean Study Bible
Even some of Paul's friends who were officials of the province of Asia sent word to him, begging him not to venture into the theatre.

Berean Literal Bible
And also some of the Asiarchs being friends to him, having sent to him, were urging him not to venture into the theatre.

New American Standard Bible
Also some of the Asiarchs who were friends of his sent to him and repeatedly urged him not to venture into the theater.

King James Bible
And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even some of the provincial officials of Asia, who were his friends, sent word to him, pleading with him not to take a chance by going into the amphitheater.

International Standard Version
Even some officials of the province of Asia who were his friends sent him a message urging him not to risk his life in the theater.

NET Bible
Even some of the provincial authorities who were his friends sent a message to him, urging him not to venture into the theater.

New Heart English Bible
Certain also of the Asiarchs, being his friends, sent to him and begged him not to venture into the theater.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Even the Rulers of Asia, because they loved him, sent and begged him not to offer himself to enter the theater.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even some officials who were from the province of Asia and who were Paul's friends sent messengers to urge him not to risk going into the theater.

New American Standard 1977
And also some of the Asiarchs who were friends of his sent to him and repeatedly urged him not to venture into the theater.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And certain of the chief persons of Asia, who were his friends, sent unto him, asking him that he not present himself in the theatre.

King James 2000 Bible
And certain of the chief of Asia, who were his friends, sent unto him, begging him that he would not venture into the theater.

American King James Version
And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent to him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.

American Standard Version
And certain also of the Asiarchs, being his friends, sent unto him and besought him not to adventure himself into the theatre.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And some also of the rulers of Asia, who were his friends, sent unto him, desiring that he would not venture himself into the theatre.

Darby Bible Translation
and some of the Asiarchs also, who were his friends, sent to him and urged him not to throw himself into the theatre.

English Revised Version
And certain also of the chief officers of Asia, being his friends, sent unto him, and besought him not to adventure himself into the theatre.

Webster's Bible Translation
And certain of the chief of Asia, who were his friends, sent to him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theater.

Weymouth New Testament
A few of the public officials, too, who were friendly to him, sent repeated messages entreating him not to venture into the Theatre.

World English Bible
Certain also of the Asiarchs, being his friends, sent to him and begged him not to venture into the theater.

Young's Literal Translation
and certain also of the chief men of Asia, being his friends, having sent unto him, were entreating him not to venture himself into the theatre.
Study Bible
The Riot in Ephesus
30Paul wanted to go before the assembly, but the disciples would not allow him. 31Even some of Paul’s friends who were officials of the province of Asia sent word to him, begging him not to venture into the theatre. 32Meanwhile the assembly was in turmoil. Some were shouting one thing and some another, and most of them did not even know why they were there.…
Cross References
Mark 1:40
Then a leper came to Jesus, begging on his knees: "If You are willing, You can make me clean."

Acts 19:29
Soon the whole city was in disarray. They rushed together into the theatre, dragging with them Gaius and Aristarchus, Paul's traveling companions from Macedonia.

Acts 19:30
Paul wanted to go before the assembly, but the disciples would not allow him.

Acts 19:32
Meanwhile the assembly was in turmoil. Some were shouting one thing and some another, and most of them did not even know why they were there.
Treasury of Scripture

And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent to him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre.

the chief.

Acts 19:10 And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which …

Acts 16:6 Now when they had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, …

Proverbs 16:7 When a man's ways please the LORD, he makes even his enemies to be …

desiring.

Acts 21:12 And when we heard these things, both we, and they of that place, …

(31) And certain of the chiefs of Asia, which were his friends.--Better, Asiarchs. The title was an official one, applied to the presidents of the games, who were selected from the chief cities of the province. The office was an annual one. They were ten in number, and the proconsul nominated one of them as president. Their duties led them now to one city, now to another, according as games or festivals were held, now at Ephesus, now at Colophon, or Smyrna. As connected both with the theatre and with the worship of Artemis, they were probably officially informed of the occasion of the tumult. If, as seems probable from 1Corinthians 5:6-8, that Epistle was written at, or about, the time of the Passover, we may place the tumult at some period in the spring, when the people were keeping or expecting the great festival in honour of Artemis, in the month, named after the goddess, Artemision, spreading over parts of April and May (Boeckh. Corp. Inscript. Grc. 2954), and were therefore more than usually open to excited appeals like that of Demetrius. This would also account for the presence of the Asiarchs at Ephesus.

There is something significant in the fact that the Asiarchs were St. Paul's friends. The manliness, tact, and courtesy which tempered his zeal and boldness, seem always to have gained for him the respect of men in authority: Sergius Paulus (Acts 13:7), Gallio (Acts 18:14-17), Festus and Agrippa (Acts 25:9; Acts 26:28; Acts 26:32), the centurion Julius (Acts 27:3; Acts 27:43). The Asiarchs, too, from different motives, took the same course as the disciples. They knew that his appearance would only excite the passions of the crowd, be perilous to himself, and increase the disturbance in the city.

Verse 31. - Certain also for certain, A.V. (the more natural order would be, and certain of the chief officers of Asia also); chief officers for chief, A.V.; being for which were, A.V.; and besought him not to for desiring him that he would not, A.V. Chief Officers of Asia. The Greek word is Asiarchs (Ἀσιάρχαι). The Asiarchs, ten in number, were officers annually chosen from all the cities of Proconsular Asia, to preside over all sacred rites, and to provide at their own expense the pub-lie games in honor of the gods and of the deity of the emperor. This necessitated their being men of high rank and great wealth, and Schleusner adds that they were priests. The name Asiarch is formed like Luciarchai, Syriarchai, Phoenicharchai, etc. We have here another striking proof of the enormous influence of Paul's preaching in Asia, that some of these very officers who were chosen to preside over the sacred rites of the gods, and to advance their honor by public games, were now on Paul's side. And certain of the chief of Asia,.... Or the Asiarchs; these were not princes of Asia, rulers or governors of provinces, or cities, or civil magistrates; but priests who presided over the games and diversions at the theatre, and had the management and command of things there. Such an one was Philip the Asiarch, the church of Smyrna makes mention of in their account of the sufferings and martyrdom of Polycarp (z), whom the people entreated that he would send out the lion to Polycarp; that is, out of the theatre which he had the command of; but he replied he could not do it, because he had finished the theatrical exercises: from whence it appears that he was the governor of the theatre, and had his title of Asiarch from thence, as these men had, wherefore this word should not be rendered, the "princes of Asia", as by the Vulgate Latin; nor the "chief of Asia", as by the Syriac and Arabic versions, and by ours, but rather the "Asian priests". The Ethiopic version not knowing who should be meant by them, only reads, "and some of Asia".

Which were his friends; they had a good opinion of the apostle, and a good liking of his doctrines, and wished well to his person, and were concerned for his safety; though they might not have been really converted, and truly disciples, as those in the preceding verse; for otherwise one would think they would have relinquished their office and place. These

sent unto him, messengers or letters,

desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre; they observed to him the danger he would expose himself to, and entreated he would show a greater regard to his life than to risk it in such a manner, a life might be so useful to many; and though they were the governors at the theatre, yet such was the rage and fury of the mob, that it was not in their power to restrain them from doing mischief, till such time as they were appeased.

(z) Apud Euseb. Eccl, Hist. l. 4. c. 15. 31. And certain of the chief of Asia—literally, "And certain also of the Asiarchs." These were wealthy and distinguished citizens of the principal towns of the Asian province, chosen annually, and ten of whom were selected by the proconsul to preside over the games celebrated in the month of May (the same month which Romanism dedicates to the Virgin). It was an office of the highest honor and greatly coveted. Certain of these, it seems, were favorably inclined to the Gospel, at least were Paul's "friends," and knowing the passions of a mob, excited during the festivals, "sent (a message) to him desiring him not to adventure himself into the theater."19:21-31 Persons who came from afar to pay their devotions at the temple of Ephesus, bought little silver shrines, or models of the temple, to carry home with them. See how craftsmen make advantage to themselves of people's superstition, and serve their worldly ends by it. Men are jealous for that by which they get their wealth; and many set themselves against the gospel of Christ, because it calls men from all unlawful crafts, however much wealth is to be gotten by them. There are persons who will stickle for what is most grossly absurd, unreasonable, and false; as this, that those are gods which are made with hands, if it has but worldly interest on its side. The whole city was full of confusion, the common and natural effect of zeal for false religion. Zeal for the honour of Christ, and love to the brethren, encourage zealous believers to venture into danger. Friends will often be raised up among those who are strangers to true religion, but have observed the honest and consistent behaviour of Christians.
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