1 Samuel 23:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When David learned that Saul was plotting against him, he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod."

New Living Translation
But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do.

English Standard Version
David knew that Saul was plotting harm against him. And he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”

New American Standard Bible
Now David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."

King James Bible
And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When David learned that Saul was plotting evil against him, he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod."

International Standard Version
David knew that Saul was devising evil plans against him, and so he told Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod."

NET Bible
When David realized that Saul was planning to harm him, he told Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod!"

New Heart English Bible
David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When David learned that Saul was planning to harm him, he told the priest Abiathar, "Bring the ephod."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David knew that Saul devised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest: 'Bring hither the ephod.'

New American Standard 1977
Now David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
But David understood that Saul devised evil against him, and he said to Abiathar, the priest, Bring here the ephod.

King James 2000 Bible
And David knew that Saul secretly plotted evil against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring here the ephod.

American King James Version
And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring here the ephod.

American Standard Version
And David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when David understood, that Saul secretly prepared evil against him, he said to Abiathar the priest: Bring hither the ephod.

Darby Bible Translation
And when David knew that Saul devised mischief against him, he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring the ephod.

English Revised Version
And David knew that Saul devised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David knew that Saul secretly plotted mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

World English Bible
David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here."

Young's Literal Translation
And David knoweth that against him Saul is devising the evil, and saith unto Abiathar the priest, 'Bring nigh the ephod.'
Study Bible
Saul Pursues David
8So Saul summoned all the people for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men. 9Now David knew that Saul was plotting evil against him; so he said to Abiathar the priest, "Bring the ephod here." 10Then David said, "O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has heard for certain that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy the city on my account.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 14:18
Then Saul said to Ahijah, "Bring the ark of God here." For the ark of God was at that time with the sons of Israel.

1 Samuel 22:20
But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

1 Samuel 23:6
Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.

1 Samuel 23:8
So Saul summoned all the people for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.

1 Samuel 23:10
Then David said, "O LORD God of Israel, Your servant has heard for certain that Saul is seeking to come to Keilah to destroy the city on my account.

1 Samuel 30:7
Then David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Please bring me the ephod." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David.

1 Kings 2:26
Then to Abiathar the priest the king said, "Go to Anathoth to your own field, for you deserve to die; but I will not put you to death at this time, because you carried the ark of the Lord GOD before my father David, and because you were afflicted in everything with which my father was afflicted."

Hosea 3:4
For the sons of Israel will remain for many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar and without ephod or household idols.
Treasury of Scripture

And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring here the ephod.

(9) Secretly practised mischief.--The idea of secrecy suggested in the English translation does not appear in the Hebrew; the accurate rendering would be, "was forging, or devising." It is likely enough that Jonathan contrived to keep his friend informed of these Court plots against him.

Bring hither the ephod.--It is quite clear that a different method of enquiry was used by David on this occasion. In 1Samuel 23:3-4 it is merely stated that he enquired of the Lord; here at Keilah his enquiry was prefaced, in 1Samuel 23:6, by a definite statement that Abiathar the priest, with the ephod, had arrived here before he asked the question of God. The history tells us he directed Abiathar the priest to "bring hither the ephod," thus pointedly connecting the enquiry in some way with the ephod. In this ephod were set twelve precious stones, one for each of the twelve tribes. The names of the tribes were engraved on these gems, the Rabbis tell us, along with some other sacred words. On important solemn occasions--it seems perfectly certain during a considerable time--that these stones were allowed by the providence of God, who worked so many marvels for His people, to be used as oracles. It has been already stated that according to a most ancient tradition the use of the sacred gems was restricted to the high priest, who could only call out the supernatural power at the bidding of the king or the head of the State for the time being (such an one as Joshua, for instance). The Divine response given by the sacred gems seems to have been the visible response to earnest, faithful prayer.

The common belief is that the ephod stones gave their answer to the royal and high priestly questions by some peculiar shining. But a passage (quoted at length in the Excursus M on the Urim and Thummim at the end of this Book) from the Babylonian Talmud (Treatise Yoma)--apparently little known--tells us that the Rabbis had two other explanations traditionally handed down from the days when the ephod and its holy gemmed breastplate was questioned on solemn occasions by the high priest.

Verses 9-13. - Saul secretly practised mischief. This phrase is correctly translated "devised evil" in Proverbs 3:29; Proverbs 14:22. There is no idea of secrecy in the Hebrew verb, which literally means "to work in metals," "to forge." Saul's purpose was open enough, and when David heard of it he tells Abiathar to bring the ephod, and then offers earnest prayer to God for counsel and advice. In his prayer his two questions are put inversely to the logical order, but in accordance with their relative importance in David's mind, and no ground exists for altering the text. But when the ephod was brought forward the questions were of course put in their logical sequence. To the first question, "Will Saul come down to besiege Keilah?" the answer was, "He will." To the second, "Will the citizens of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?" the answer also was, "They will. Whereupon he and his followers, now increased to 600 men, withdrew, and went whithersoever they could go. Literally. "they went about whither they went about," i.e. without any fixed plan, as chance or their necessities dictated. As David was once again at large, Saul had no longer any reason for besieging Keilah, especially as its citizens had preferred his side, as that of the more powerful, to gratitude for the safety of their lives and property.

CHAPTER 23:14-29 And. David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him,.... That is, plotted and contrived it, formed schemes in order to do him mischief, giving out one thing, and designing another; so he pretended war against the Philistines, but his intention was to come against Keilah, and take David there:

and he said to Abiathar the priest, bring hither the ephod; not for David to put on, but for the priest himself, that being clothed with it, and the Urim and Thummim in it, he might inquire for him of the Lord. 9. he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod—The consultation was made, and the prayer uttered, by means of the priest. The alternative conditions here described have often been referred to as illustrating the doctrine of God's foreknowledge and preordination of events.23:7-13 Well might David complain of his enemies, that they rewarded him evil for good, and that for his love they were his adversaries. Christ was used thus basely. David applied to his great Protector for direction. No sooner was the ephod brought him than he made use of it. We have the Scriptures in our hands, let us take advice from them in doubtful cases. Say, Bring hither the Bible. David's address to God is very solemn, also very particular. God allows us to be so in our addresses to him; Lord, direct me in this matter, about which I am now at a loss. God knows not only what will be, but what would be, if it were not hindered; therefore he knows how to deliver the godly out of temptation, and how to render to every man according to his works.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 23:9 David knew that Saul was devising mischief (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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