1 Samuel 23:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
David knew that Saul was plotting harm against him. And he said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”

King James Bible
And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

American Standard Version
And David knew that Saul was devising mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now when David understood, that Saul secretly prepared evil against him, he said to Abiathar the priest: Bring hither the ephod.

English Revised Version
And David knew that Saul devised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David knew that Saul secretly plotted mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.

1 Samuel 23:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But his men said to him, "Behold, here in Judah we are in fear (i.e., are not safe from Saul's pursuit); how shall we go to Keilah against the ranks of the Philistines?" In order, therefore, to infuse courage into them, he inquired of the Lord again, and received the assurance from God, "I will give the Philistines into thy hand." He then proceeded with his men, fought against the Philistines, drove off their cattle, inflicted a severe defeat upon them, and thus delivered the inhabitants of Keilah. In 1 Samuel 23:6 a supplementary remark is added in explanation of the expression "inquired of the Lord," to the effect that, when Abiathar fled to David to Keilah, the ephod had come to him. The words "to David to Keilah" are not to be understood as signifying that Abiathar did not come to David till he was in Keilah, but that when he fled after David (1 Samuel 22:20), he met with him as he was already preparing for the march of Keilah, and immediately proceeded with him thither. For whilst it is not stated in 1 Samuel 22:20 that Abiathar came to David in the wood of Hareth, but the place of meeting is left indefinite, the fact that David had already inquired of Jehovah (i.e., through the oracle of the high priest) with reference to the march to Keilah, compels us to assume that Abiathar had come to him before he left the mountains for Keilah. So that the brief expression "to David to Keilah," which is left indefinite because of its brevity, must be interpreted in accordance with this fact.

1 Samuel 23:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 22:20 But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

1 Samuel 23:6 Now it came about, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.

1 Samuel 30:7 Then David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Please bring me the ephod." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David.

Cross References
1 Samuel 14:18
So Saul said to Ahijah, "Bring the ark of God here." For the ark of God went at that time with the people of Israel.

1 Samuel 22:20
But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

1 Samuel 23:6
When Abiathar the son of Ahimelech had fled to David to Keilah, he had come down with an ephod in his hand.

1 Samuel 23:8
And Saul summoned all the people to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.

1 Samuel 23:10
Then David said, "O LORD, the God of Israel, your servant has surely heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city on my account.

1 Samuel 30:7
And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, "Bring me the ephod." So Abiathar brought the ephod to David.

1 Kings 2:26
And to Abiathar the priest the king said, "Go to Anathoth, to your estate, for you deserve death. But I will not at this time put you to death, because you carried the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because you shared in all my father's affliction."

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ESV Text Edition 2011: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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