Matthew Poole's Commentary
So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God.David’s festival sacrifice and alms. The psalm of thanksgiving sung by a choir, and the people said, Amen, 1 Chronicles 16:1-36. Ministers, porters, priests, and musicians appointed to attend the ark continually, 1 Chronicles 16:37-43.
Of these three first verses, See Poole "2 Samuel 6:17", &c.
And when David had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD.No text from Poole on this verse.
And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.No text from Poole on this verse.
And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:No text from Poole on this verse.
Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals;No text from Poole on this verse.
Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.No text from Poole on this verse.
Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.David delivered first this psalm; whereby it is implied, that after this he delivered many other psalms successively into their hands, to be sung by them to the praise of God in his public service. See 2 Samuel 23:1 2 Chronicles 29:30. As for the matter of this psalm, I shall defer the explication of it till I come to the Book of Psalms, where we shall find it in the same words, in Psalm 96 Psa 105.
Give thanks unto the LORD, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people.No text from Poole on this verse.
Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous works.No text from Poole on this verse.
Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.No text from Poole on this verse.
Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his face continually.No text from Poole on this verse.
Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;No text from Poole on this verse.
O ye seed of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones.No text from Poole on this verse.
He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth.No text from Poole on this verse.
Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;No text from Poole on this verse.
Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac;No text from Poole on this verse.
And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,No text from Poole on this verse.
Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance;No text from Poole on this verse.
When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it.No text from Poole on this verse.
And when they went from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people;No text from Poole on this verse.
He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes,No text from Poole on this verse.
Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.No text from Poole on this verse.
Sing unto the LORD, all the earth; shew forth from day to day his salvation.No text from Poole on this verse.
Declare his glory among the heathen; his marvellous works among all nations.No text from Poole on this verse.
For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods.No text from Poole on this verse.
For all the gods of the people are idols: but the LORD made the heavens.No text from Poole on this verse.
Glory and honour are in his presence; strength and gladness are in his place.No text from Poole on this verse.
Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people, give unto the LORD glory and strength.No text from Poole on this verse.
Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.No text from Poole on this verse.
Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.No text from Poole on this verse.
Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let men say among the nations, The LORD reigneth.No text from Poole on this verse.
Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof: let the fields rejoice, and all that is therein.No text from Poole on this verse.
Then shall the trees of the wood sing out at the presence of the LORD, because he cometh to judge the earth.No text from Poole on this verse.
O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.No text from Poole on this verse.
And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise.Deliver us from the heathen: this might seem an improper and unseasonable prayer for David’s time, when the Israelites were not yet scattered amongst the heathen, but indeed it was not so; partly because they had already been sadly divided by a civil war among themselves; and though they were now externally and visibly united under David, yet he might justly think that there were some who yet retained in their hearts their old leaven, their hatred of him, and their affection to Saul, which might hereafter break forth when occasion was offered, as it did, 2 Samuel 16:8; and therefore he justly prays that they may be gathered and united together in hearty love, as well as in outward show: and partly because this psalm or prayer was made by David for the use of the church, not only in that present time, but in future ages, in which David foresaw by the Spirit of prophecy, or by consideration of those ancient and sacred predictions, Deu 31, Deu 32, that the Israelites would one time or other forsake God, and for their apostacy be dispersed among the heathens, when they should have great and particular need of this prayer.
Blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD.No text from Poole on this verse.
So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required:i.e. He appointed them their work and station there.
And Obededom with their brethren, threescore and eight; Obededom also the son of Jeduthun and Hosah to be porters:Or, door-keepers, as the same Hebrew word is rendered, 1 Chronicles 15:23,24; of which see the note on 1 Chronicles 15:23.
And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon,Zadok the priest; not the high priest, but the second and the chief priest at Gibeon, where the famous tabernacle and altar made by Moses still were, 1 Chronicles 21:29 2 Chronicles 1:3; where also the ordinary sacrifices were offered, and the stated and public worship of God was performed, as it here follows, for which the priests were placed there; as the extraordinary worship was before the ark upon great occasions, as when God was consulted, which was to be done before the ark and by the high priest, Exodus 28:12,20,21,22, who now was Abiathar; who therefore abode here with the ark, when Zadok was left at Gibeon.
To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel;No text from Poole on this verse.
And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever;Who were expressed by name; so exceeding careful was this good king of God’s worship, that he would have no person employed in it but such as he appointed to it, and were meant for it.
And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.Musical instruments of God, i.e. appointed and appropriated to the worship and honour of God.
And all the people departed every man to his house: and David returned to bless his house.No text from Poole on this verse.