Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Behold.—Another of the Jewish divisions of Deuteronomy begins here.
A blessing and a curse.—Literally, blessing and cursing—the blessing if ye obey, and the curse if ye do not.Deuteronomy 11:26. I set before you — I propose them to your consideration and your choice. So that if a curse should be your portion, instead of a blessing, and you should be in a calamitous and miserable, and not in a prosperous and happy condition, you must thank yourselves for it. This he explains more at large in the 28th chapter. And the whole historical part of the Old Testament bears witness that God caused a blessing or a curse to attend them, according as they observed or broke his laws.Deuteronomy 30:15 everyone of the Israelites were called upon to see and consider this matter, it being an interesting one to them all. Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)26–28. The summing up and clinching of the whole discourse, Deuteronomy 11:5-11 : a blessing to Israel if they obey the commandments of God, a curse if they do not obey but turn after other gods. Cp. Deuteronomy 30:1, as here, blessing and curse; Deuteronomy 11:15; Deuteronomy 11:19, life and death, good and evil.
27. if ye shall hearken, etc.] See Deuteronomy 7:12, Pl.; Deuteronomy 15:5, Deuteronomy 28:13, Sg.
28. turn aside] See Deuteronomy 11:16, Deuteronomy 9:12; Deuteronomy 9:16, Deuteronomy 13:5, Deuteronomy 31:29.
to go after other gods] Deuteronomy 6:14.
which ye have not known] See above on Deuteronomy 7:9, Deuteronomy 8:3.Verses 26-32. - Moses, in conclusion, refers to the blessing and the curse consequent on the observance or the transgression of the Law, and prescribes that when they had entered on possession of the land the blessing should be proclaimed from Mount Gerizim, and the curse from Mount Ebal. Verse 26. - Behold, I set before you; place for your consideration (Deuteronomy 4:8; Deuteronomy 30:15), so that you may see whither tends obedience on the one hand, and disobedience on the other. Leviticus 26:19-20, and Deuteronomy 28:23-24). Let them therefore impress the words now set before them very deeply upon themselves and their children (Deuteronomy 11:18-21, in which there is in part a verbal repetition of Deuteronomy 6:6-9). The words, "as the days of the heaven above the earth," i.e., as long as the heaven continues above the earth, - in other words, to all eternity (cf. Psalm 89:30; Job. Deu 14:12), - belong to the main sentence, "that your days may be multiplied," etc. (Deuteronomy 11:21). "The promise to give the land to Israel for ever was not made unconditionally; an unconditional promise is precluded by the words, 'that your days may be multiplied'" (Schultz). (For further remarks, see at Deuteronomy 30:3-5.) For (Deuteronomy 11:22-25) if they adhered faithfully to the Lord, He would drive out before them all the nations that dwelt in the land, and would give them the land upon which they trod in all its length and breadth, and so fill the Canaanites with fear and terror before them, that no one should be able to stand against them. (On Deuteronomy 11:23, cf. Deuteronomy 7:1-2; Deuteronomy 9:1, and Deuteronomy 1:28.) The words, "every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours," are defined more precisely, and restricted to the land of Canaan on both sides of the Jordan by the boundaries which follow: "from the desert (of Arabia on the south), and Lebanon (on the north), and from the river Euphrates (on the east) to the hinder sea" (the Mediterranean on the west; see Numbers 34:6). The Euphrates is given as the eastern boundary, as in Deuteronomy 1:7, according to the promise in Genesis 15:18. (On Deuteronomy 11:25, cf. Deuteronomy 7:24; Deuteronomy 2:25, and Exodus 23:27.)
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