2 Samuel 11:14
New International Version
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

New Living Translation
So the next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and gave it to Uriah to deliver.

English Standard Version
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Berean Study Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

New King James Version
In the morning it happened that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

New American Standard Bible
So in the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

NASB 1995
Now in the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

NASB 1977
Now it came about in the morning that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Amplified Bible
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

Christian Standard Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And at dawn David wrote a letter to Yuab, and he sent it by the hand of Uriah

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the morning came, and David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Urias.

Contemporary English Version
Early the next morning, David wrote a letter and told Uriah to deliver it to Joab.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the morning was come, David wrote a letter to Joab: and sent it by the hand of Urias,

English Revised Version
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Good News Translation
The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by Uriah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

International Standard Version
The next morning, David sent a message to Joab that Uriah took with him in his hand.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Literal Standard Version
And it comes to pass in the morning that David writes a letter to Joab and sends [it] by the hand of Uriah;

NET Bible
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

New Heart English Bible
It happened in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

World English Bible
It happened in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass in the morning, that David writeth a letter unto Joab, and sendeth by the hand of Uriah;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Arranges Uriah's Death
14 The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah. 15In the letter he wrote: “Put Uriah at the front of the fiercest battle; then withdraw from him, so that he may be struck down and killed.”…

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:9
Why then have you despised the command of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? You put Uriah the Hittite to the sword and took his wife as your own, for you have slain him with the sword of the Ammonites.

1 Kings 21:8
Then Jezebel wrote letters in Ahab's name, sealed them with his seal, and sent them to the elders and nobles who lived with Naboth in his city.


Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

1 Kings 21:8-10
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth…

Psalm 19:13
Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.

Psalm 52:2
Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp rasor, working deceitfully.









(14) Sent it by the hand of Uriah.--The brave soldier is made the bearer of his own death-warrant, and his well-known valour for his king is to be the means of accomplishing his destruction, to relieve that king of the consequences of his crime, which also involved a great wrong to himself. No reason is given to Joab for this order, but as a loyal and somewhat unscrupulous general he obeys without question.

Verse 14. - David wrote a letter. David now uses the knowledge he had acquired in the schools of the prophets for vicious purposes. For it to be a blessing, knowledge must be sanctified to holy use. The letter would conceal from Joab the truth, and only let him know that Uriah, during his visit to Jerusalem, had incurred the king's serious displeasure; and we may be quite sure that Joab would be very indignant when he learned, as he certainly soon would, that David had made him his tool, and caused him to murder one of "the mighties" in order to cover the shame of his adultery. The only fair side of the picture is that it shews the high state of morality among the people. The crimes of kings and great men are usually lightly pardoned, and especially that of adultery. Even in our own and other Christian countries this is the case; but David has to resort to extreme measures rather than face the indignation of his subjects. Unfortunately, the shedding of blood was not looked upon with equal horror. Possibly the leaving it to the relatives to requite it made the suppression of murder the business, not of the state, but of "the avenger of blood." At all events, Joab without much compunction carries out David's orders, caring to know no more than that Uriah was out of favour. And what is more extraordinary, David remains utterly callous for a whole twelvemonth (see 2 Samuel 12:15), and his conscience does not even smite him for the additional meanness of sending the order for Uriah's murder by the hand of the injured man himself.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The next morning
בַבֹּ֔קֶר (ḇab·bō·qer)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1242: Dawn, morning

David
דָּוִ֛ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

wrote
וַיִּכְתֹּ֥ב (way·yiḵ·tōḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3789: To grave, to write

a letter
סֵ֖פֶר (sê·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Joab
יוֹאָ֑ב (yō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

and sent
וַיִּשְׁלַ֖ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

it with Uriah.
אוּרִיָּֽה׃ (’ū·rî·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 223: Uriah -- 'flame of Yah', the name of a Hittite and of two Israelites


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OT History: 2 Samuel 11:14 It happened in the morning that David (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 11:13
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