2 Samuel 11:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by Urijah.

World English Bible
It happened in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass in the morning, that David writeth a letter unto Joab, and sendeth by the hand of Uriah;

2 Samuel 11:14 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

David wrote a letter - This was the sum of treachery and villany. He made this most noble man the carrier of letters which prescribed the mode in which he was to be murdered. This case some have likened to that of Bellerophon, son of Glaucus, king of Ephyra, who being in the court of Proetus, king of the Argives, his queen Antia, or as others Sthenoboea, fell violently in love with him; but he, refusing to gratify her criminal passions, was in revenge accused by her to Proetus her husband, as having attempted to corrupt her. Proetus not willing to violate the laws of hospitality by slaying him in his own house, wrote letters to Jobates, king of Lycia, the father of Sthenoboea, and sent them by the hand of Bellerophon, stating his crime, and desiring Jobates to put him to death. To meet the wishes of his son-in-law, and keep his own hands innocent of blood, he sent him with a small force against a very warlike people called the Solymi; but, contrary to all expectation, he not only escaped with his life, but gained a complete victory over them. He was afterwards sent upon several equally dangerous and hopeless expeditions, but still came off with success; and to reward him Jobates gave him one of his daughters to wife, and a part of his kingdom. Sthenoboea, hearing this, through rage and despair killed herself.

I have given this history at large, because many have thought it not only to be parallel to that of Uriah, but to be a fabulous formation from the Scripture fact: for my own part, I scarcely see in them any correspondence, but in the simple circumstance that both carried those letters which contained their own condemnation. From the fable of Bellerophon came the proverb, Bellerophontis literas portare, "to carry one's own condemnation".

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wrote a letter It was resolved in David's breast that Uriah must die--that innocent, valiant, and gallant man, who was ready to sacrifice his life for the honour of his prince; and, worse than all, by being himself made the bearer of letters to Joab which prescribed the mode by which he was to be murdered. This was the greatest treachery and villany on the part of David; while Joab appears to enter as fully upon the execution of the murder, being perhaps pleased to have this opportunity of further enthralling his king, and thus increasing his own power.

1 Kings 21:8-10 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal...

Psalm 19:13 Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright...

Psalm 52:2 The tongue devises mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Psalm 62:9 Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance...

Jeremiah 9:1-4 Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears...

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

Micah 7:3-5 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, and the judge asks for a reward; and the great man...

Library
David's Fall 2Sam 11:27

John Newton—Olney Hymns

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
2 Samuel 12:9
Why did you despise the word of the LORD by doing what is evil in his eyes? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and took his wife to be your own. You killed him with the sword of the Ammonites.

1 Kings 21:8
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, placed his seal on them, and sent them to the elders and nobles who lived in Naboth's city with him.

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