2 Samuel 1:5
New International Version
Then David said to the young man who brought him the report, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

New Living Translation
“How do you know Saul and Jonathan are dead?” David demanded of the young man.

English Standard Version
Then David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

Berean Study Bible
Then David asked the young man who had brought him the report, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

King James Bible
And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

New King James Version
So David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?”

New American Standard Bible
Then David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

NASB 1995
So David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

NASB 1977
So David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

Amplified Bible
So David said to the young man who informed him, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

Christian Standard Bible
David asked the young man who had brought him the report, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead? ”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David asked the young man who had brought him the report, “How do you know Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?"”

American Standard Version
And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David said to the young man: “Tell me how Shaul died and Yonathan his son”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David said to the young man who brought him the tidings, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?

Contemporary English Version
David asked, "How do you know Saul and Jonathan are dead?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David said to the young man that told him: How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son, are dead?

Good News Translation
"How do you know that Saul and Jonathan are dead?" David asked him.

International Standard Version
David asked the young man who related the story, "How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David said unto the young man that told him: 'How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?'

Literal Standard Version
And David says to the youth who is declaring [it] to him, “How have you known that Saul and his son Jonathan [are] dead?”

New American Bible
Then David said to the youth who was reporting to him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?”

NET Bible
David said to the young man who was telling him this, "How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?"

New Revised Standard Version
Then David asked the young man who was reporting to him, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan died?”

New Heart English Bible
David said to the young man who had told him this, "How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?"

World English Bible
David said to the young man who told him, "How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?"

Young's Literal Translation
And David saith unto the youth who is declaring it to him, 'How hast thou known that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?'

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Learns of Saul's Death
4“What was the outcome?” David asked. “Please tell me.” “The troops fled from the battle,” he replied. “Many of them fell and died. And Saul and his son Jonathan are also dead.” 5Then David asked the young man who had brought him the report, “How do you know that Saul and his son Jonathan are dead?” 6“I happened to be on Mount Gilboa,” he replied, “and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and the cavalry closing in on him.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 1:4
"What was the outcome?" David asked. "Please tell me." "The troops fled from the battle," he replied. "Many of them fell and died. And Saul and his son Jonathan are also dead."

2 Samuel 1:6
"I happened to be on Mount Gilboa," he replied, "and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and the cavalry closing in on him.


Treasury of Scripture

And David said to the young man that told him, How know you that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

How knowest

Proverbs 14:15
The simple believeth every word: but the prudent man looketh well to his going.

Proverbs 25:2
It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter.













Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
David
דָּוִ֔ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

asked
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

the young man
הַנַּ֖עַר (han·na·‘ar)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5288: A boy, lad, youth, retainer

who had brought him the report,
הַמַּגִּ֣יד (ham·mag·gîḏ)
Article | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5046: To be conspicuous

“How
אֵ֣יךְ (’êḵ)
Interjection
Strong's 349: How?, how!, where

do you know
יָדַ֔עְתָּ (yā·ḏa‘·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 3045: To know

Saul
שָׁא֖וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

and his son
בְּנֽוֹ׃ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

Jonathan
וִיהֽוֹנָתָ֥ן (wî·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3083: Jonathan -- 'the LORD has given', the name of a number of Israelites

are dead?”
מֵ֥ת (mêṯ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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OT History: 2 Samuel 1:5 David said to the young man who (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
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