1 Kings 9:13
New International Version
"What kind of towns are these you have given me, my brother?" he asked. And he called them the Land of Kabul, a name they have to this day.

New Living Translation
“What kind of towns are these, my brother?” he asked. So Hiram called that area Cabul (which means “worthless”), as it is still known today.

English Standard Version
Therefore he said, “What kind of cities are these that you have given me, my brother?” So they are called the land of Cabul to this day.

Berean Study Bible
“What are these towns you have given me, my brother?” asked Hiram, and he called them the land of Cabul, as they are called to this day.

New American Standard Bible
He said, "What are these cities which you have given me, my brother?" So they were called the land of Cabul to this day.

King James Bible
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.

Christian Standard Bible
So he said, "What are these towns you've given me, my brother?" So he called them the Land of Cabul, as they are still called today.

Contemporary English Version
He said, "Solomon, my friend, are these the kind of towns you want to give me?" So Hiram called the region Cabul because he thought it was worthless.

Good News Translation
So he said to Solomon, "So these, my brother, are the towns you have given me!" For this reason the area is still called Cabul.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So he said, "What are these towns you've given me, my brother?" So he called them the Land of Cabul, as they are still called today.

International Standard Version
so he asked him, "What are these cities that you have given to me, my brother?" That's why these cities were named "the land of Cabal" to this day.

NET Bible
Hiram asked, "Why did you give me these cities, my friend?" He called that area the region of Cabul, a name which it has retained to this day.

New Heart English Bible
He said, "What cities are these which you have given me, my brother?" He called them the land of Cabul to this day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"What kind of cities have you given me, brother?" he asked. So he named it the region of Cabul [Good for Nothing]. ( [They're] still [called] that today.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said: 'What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother?' And they were called the land of Cabul, unto this day.

New American Standard 1977
And he said, “What are these cities which you have given me, my brother?” So they were called the land of Cabul to this day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And they called them the land of Cabul unto this day.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, What cities are these which you have given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.

American King James Version
And he said, What cities are these which you have given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul to this day.

American Standard Version
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
What are these cities which thou hast given me, brother? And he called them Boundary until this day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said: Are these the cities which thou hast given me, brother? And he called them the land of Chabul, unto this day.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul to this day.

English Revised Version
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul, unto this day.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul to this day.

World English Bible
He said, "What cities are these which you have given me, my brother?" He called them the land of Cabul to this day.

Young's Literal Translation
and he saith, 'What are these cities that thou hast given to me, my brother?' and one calleth them the land of Cabul unto this day.
Study Bible
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
12So Hiram went out from Tyre to look over the towns that Solomon had given him, but he was not pleased with them. 13“What are these towns you have given me, my brother?” asked Hiram, and he called them the land of Cabul, as they are called to this day. 14And Hiram had sent the king 120 talents of gold.…
Cross References
Joshua 19:27
then turned eastward toward Beth-dagon, touched Zebulun and the Valley of Iphtah-el, and went north to Beth-emek and Neiel, passing Cabul on the left.

1 Kings 9:12
So Hiram went out from Tyre to look over the towns that Solomon had given him, but he was not pleased with them.

Treasury of Scripture

And he said, What cities are these which you have given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul to this day.

my brother

1 Kings 5:1,2
And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David…

Amos 1:9
Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant:

Joshua 19:27
And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,







Lexicon
“What
מָ֚ה (māh)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

are these
הָאֵ֔לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

towns
הֶעָרִ֣ים (he·‘ā·rîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

you have given
נָתַ֥תָּה (nā·ṯat·tāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

me,
לִּ֖י (lî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew

my brother?”
אָחִ֑י (’ā·ḥî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

asked [Hiram],
וַיֹּ֕אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

and he called
וַיִּקְרָ֤א (way·yiq·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

them
לָהֶם֙ (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

the land
אֶ֣רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of Cabul,
כָּב֔וּל (kā·ḇūl)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3521: Cabul -- a city in Asher, also a region in Galilee

as they are [called] to
עַ֖ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

day.
הַיּ֥וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day
(13) Cabul.--The derivation of this word is uncertain. Josephus evidently did not know it as a Hebrew word; for he expressly says, that in the Phaenician language it signifies "what is unpleasing." (Ant. viii. 100:5, sect. 3). A city Cabul is mentioned in Joshua 19:27, in the territory of Asher, evidently on the Tyrian frontier, and in the neighbourhood in question. Hiram, it is thought, takes up this name, and applies it to the whole territory, and by a play of words on it signifies his discontent with Solomon's gift. Ewald supposes a Hebrew derivation for the word ("as nought"); others take it to be "like that which vanishes." Either would suit the sense indicated in the text well; but unless these derivations represent something cognate in the Tyrian language, they hardly accord with the requirements of this passage, which (as Josephus says) implies a Phoenician origin for the word.

Verse 13. - And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? [Cf. 1 Kings 20:32. It would seem, at first sight, as if this form of speech was then, as now, the usage of courts. But the Fellahin of Palestine, the "modern Canaanites," still address each other as "my father" or "my brother." See Conder, "Tent-work," p. 332]. And he called them the land of Cabul [The meaning of this word is quite uncertain. The LXX. reads Οριον, which shows that they must have read גבול instead of כבול; indeed, it is possible that the words have the same meaning (Gesen.) Stanley (S. and P. p. 364) thinks these cities formed the boundary between the two kingdoms, and refers to the use of ὅρια in Matthew 15:21; Luke 6:17, etc. According to Josephus, Ξαβαλὼν, is a Phoenician word, meaning displeasing; but his etymologies are to be received with caution, and Gesenius justly pronounces this a mere conjecture from the context. Thenius and Ewald regard the word as compounded of כ and בל = as nothing; Keil connects it with the root חבל, which would yield the meaning pawned or pledged, and hence concludes that, this strip of territory was merely given to Hiram as a security for the repayment of a loan (see below on ver. 14); while Bahr derives it from כבל, an unused root, akin to the preceding - vinxit, constrinxit, and would see in it a name bestowed on the region because of its confined geographical position. He does not understand the word, however, as a term of contempt. "How," he asks, "could Hiram give the district a permanent name which contained a mockery of himself rather than of the land?" But the word was obviously an expression of disparagement, if not disgust, which, falling from Hiram's lips, was caught up and repeated with a view to mark not so much his displeasure as Solomon's meanness. But it is not necessary to find a meaning for the word, for it is to be considered that a city Bearing this name existed at that time and in this neighbourhood (Joshua 19:27), the site of which, in all probability, is marked by the modern Kabul, eight miles east of Accho (Robinson, 3:87, 88; Dict. Bib. 1:237; Thomson, "Land and Book," 1:281, 511). It is possible, indeed, that it may have been one of the "twenty cities" (ver. 11) given to Hiram. And if this city, whether within or without the district of Galilee, were notorious for its poverty or meanness, or conspicuous by its bleak situation, we can at once understand why Hiram should transfer the name to the adjoining region, even if that name, in itself, had no special significance] unto this day. [See on 1 Kings 8:8.] 9:10-14 Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities. Hiram did not like them. If Solomon would gratify him, let it be in his own element, by becoming his partner in trade, as he did. See how the providence of God suits this earth to the various tempers of men, and the dispositions of men to the earth, and all for the good of mankind in general.
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