1 Samuel 6:18
New International Version
And the number of the gold rats was according to the number of Philistine towns belonging to the five rulers--the fortified towns with their country villages. The large rock on which the Levites set the ark of the LORD is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.

New Living Translation
The five gold rats represented the five Philistine towns and their surrounding villages, which were controlled by the five rulers. The large rock at Beth-shemesh, where they set the Ark of the LORD, still stands in the field of Joshua as a witness to what happened there.

English Standard Version
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and unwalled villages. The great stone beside which they set down the ark of the LORD is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh.

Berean Study Bible
The number of gold rats also corresponded to the number of Philistine cities belonging to the five rulers—the fortified cities and their outlying villages. And to this day the large rock on which they placed the ark of the LORD is in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh.

New American Standard Bible
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages. The large stone on which they set the ark of the LORD is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

King James Bible
And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

Christian Standard Bible
The number of gold mice also corresponded to the number of Philistine cities of the five rulers, the fortified cities and the outlying villages. The large rock on which the ark of the LORD was placed is still in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh today.

Contemporary English Version
They also sent one gold rat for each walled town and for every village that the five Philistine rulers controlled. The huge stone where the Levites set the chest is still there in Joshua's field as a reminder of what happened.

Good News Translation
They also sent gold mice, one for each of the cities ruled by the five Philistine kings, both the fortified towns and the villages without walls. The large rock in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, on which they placed the LORD's Covenant Box, is still there as a witness to what happened.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The number of gold mice also corresponded to the number of Philistine cities of the five rulers, the fortified cities and the outlying villages. The large rock on which the ark of the LORD was placed is in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh to this day.

International Standard Version
The gold mice represented the number of all the Philistine towns belonging to the five lords, both fortified towns and unwalled villages. The large stone, beside which they put the Ark of the LORD, is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh.

NET Bible
The gold mice corresponded in number to all the Philistine cities of the five leaders, from the fortified cities to hamlet villages, to greater Abel, where they positioned the ark of the LORD until this very day in the field of Joshua who was from Beth Shemesh.

New Heart English Bible
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages, even to the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD. That stone remains to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And the number of gold mice was the same as the number of Philistine cities belonging to the five rulers, including walled cities and farm villages. The large rock on which they put the ark of the LORD is a witness. It is still there today in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages, even unto Abel by the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD, which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

New American Standard 1977
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages. The large stone on which they set the ark of the LORD is a witness to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the golden rats, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five cardinals; a ransom for those of the fenced cities and for the country dwellers even unto the great stone of Abel, upon which they placed the ark of the LORD in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite, and this is remembered unto this day.

King James 2000 Bible
And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, on which they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remains unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

American King James Version
And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even to the great stone of Abel, where on they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remains to this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

American Standard Version
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages, even unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of Jehovah, which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the golden mice according to the number of the cities of the Philistines, of the five provinces, from the fenced city to the village that was without wall, and to the great Abel (the stone) whereon they set down the ark of the Lord, which was till that day in the field of Josue the Bethsamite.

Darby Bible Translation
and the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and villages of the peasantry; [and they brought them] as far as the great [stone of] Abel, whereon they set down the ark of Jehovah, [which] is to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemeshite.

English Revised Version
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities and of country villages: even unto the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD, which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities, and of country villages, even to the great stone of Abel, on which they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth to this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite.

World English Bible
and the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fortified cities and of country villages, even to the great stone, whereon they set down the ark of Yahweh, [which stone remains] to this day in the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh.

Young's Literal Translation
and the golden mice -- the number of all the cities of the Philistines -- for the five princes, from the fenced city even unto the hamlet of the villages, even unto the great meadow on which they placed the ark of Jehovah -- are unto this day in the field of Joshua the Beth-Shemeshite.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Ark Returned to Israel
17As a guilt offering to the LORD, the Philistines had sent back one gold tumor for each city: Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron. 18The number of gold rats also corresponded to the number of Philistine cities belonging to the five rulers— the fortified cities and their outlying villages. And to this day the large rock on which they placed the ark of the LORD is in the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh. 19But God struck down some of the people of Beth-shemesh because they looked inside the ark of the LORD. He struck down seventy men, and the people mourned because the LORD had struck them with a great slaughter.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 3:5
All these cities were fortified with high walls and gates and bars, and there were many more unwalled villages.

1 Samuel 6:4
"What guilt offering should we send back to Him?" asked the Philistines. "Five gold tumors and five gold rats," they said, "according to the number of rulers of the Philistines, since the same plague has struck both you and your rulers.

1 Samuel 6:14
The cart came to the field of Joshua of Beth-shemesh and stopped there near a large rock. The people chopped up the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the LORD.

1 Samuel 6:15
And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD and the box containing the gold objects, and they placed them on the large rock. That day the men of Beth-shemesh offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices to the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even to the great stone of Abel, where on they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remains to this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

the five lords

1 Samuel 6:16 And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned …

Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even to the borders of Ekron northward, …

great stone of. or, great stone







Lexicon
The number of gold
הַזָּהָ֗ב (haz·zā·hāḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

rats
וְעַכְבְּרֵ֣י (wə·‘aḵ·bə·rê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5909: A mouse

also corresponded to the number
מִסְפַּ֞ר (mis·par)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4557: A number, definite, indefinite, narration

of Philistine
פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

cities
עָרֵ֤י (‘ā·rê)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

[belonging] to the five
לַחֲמֵ֣שֶׁת (la·ḥă·mê·šeṯ)
Preposition-l, Article | Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2568: Five

rulers—
הַסְּרָנִ֔ים (has·sə·rā·nîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5633: An axle, a peer

the fortified
מִבְצָ֔ר (miḇ·ṣār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4013: A fortification, castle, fortified city, a defender

cities
מֵעִ֣יר (mê·‘îr)
Preposition-m | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

and their outlying
הַפְּרָזִ֑י (hap·pə·rā·zî)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6521: Hamlet dweller

villages.
כֹּ֣פֶר (kō·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3724: A cover, a village, bitumen, the henna plant, a redemption-price

And
וְעַ֖ד (wə·‘aḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

to this
הַזֶּ֔ה (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

day
הַיּ֣וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

the large
הַגְּדוֹלָ֗ה (hag·gə·ḏō·w·lāh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

rock
אָבֵ֣ל (’ā·ḇêl)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 59: Abel -- 'meadow', two places in Palestine

on
עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

which
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

they placed
הִנִּ֤יחוּ (hin·nî·ḥū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3240: Bestow, cast down, lay down, up, leave off, let alone remain, pacify, place,

the ark
אֲר֣וֹן (’ă·rō·wn)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 727: A chest, ark

of the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

is in the field
בִּשְׂדֵ֥ה (biś·ḏêh)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7704: Field, land

of Joshua
יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

of Beth-shemesh.
הַשִּׁמְשִֽׁי׃ (haš·šim·šî)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1030: Beth-shemite -- a Beth-shimshite
(18)And the golden mice.--We have here a far greater number of "golden mice" mentioned as being offered in expiation than appear specified in the directions of the priests and diviners (1Samuel 6:4). The truth was that whilst the human sickness was confined to the five cities, the plague of field mice no doubt extended over the whole country. The inhabitants of all the villages were anxious to do their part to propitiate the insulted Hebrew God, and to get rid of the plague which was devastating their fields and vineyards; hence this large offering, so much in excess of what was suggested by the diviners.

The great stone of Abel.--The LXX. Version reads here, "And this great stone on which they placed the Ark of Jehovah, which is in the field of Joshua the Beth-shemite, is a witness unto this day." With this reading the Chaldee Targum substantially agrees. The Hebrew text here is hopelessly corrupt; the copies which the Greek translators and the Chaldee Targumist apparently had before them, instead of the word "Avel" (Abel), which signifies mourning, read the word ?ven, a stone, and the punctuation of v'ad, "and unto," in the last clause was evidently (v'ed), "and a witness." If the reading Avel be the true one ("even unto the great Avel"), then the conjecture of R. D. Kimchi is probably right, that this stone was known as the Great Avel (or Abel), "the great mourning," owing to the terrible judicial calamity, related in the next three verses (1Samuel 6:19-21), which happened there. With this slight change a very good sense is obtained.

6:10-18 These two kine knew their owner, their great Owner, whom Hophin and Phinehas knew not. God's providence takes notice even of brute creatures, and serves its own purposes by them. When the reapers saw the ark, they rejoiced; their joy for that was greater than the joy of harvest. The return of the ark, and the revival of holy ordinances, after days of restraint and trouble, are matters of great joy.
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Alphabetical: a according all And ark belonging Beth Beth-shemite both cities country day field five fortified gold golden in is Joshua large LORD lords mice number of on Philistine Philistines rats rock rulers set Shemesh stone the their they this to towns villages was which with witness

OT History: 1 Samuel 6:18 And the golden mice according to (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Samuel 6:17
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