Zephaniah 2:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Gather together, gather yourselves together, you shameful nation,

New Living Translation
Gather together--yes, gather together, you shameless nation.

English Standard Version
Gather together, yes, gather, O shameless nation,

New American Standard Bible
Gather yourselves together, yes, gather, O nation without shame,

King James Bible
Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation not desired;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Gather yourselves together; gather together, undesirable nation,

International Standard Version
"Gather together! Yes, indeed, gather together, you shameless nation!

NET Bible
Bunch yourselves together like straw, you undesirable nation,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Gather yourselves together! Yes, gather together, you shameless nation,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Search yourselves and one another, O unfriendly people;

King James 2000 Bible
Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation not desired;

American King James Version
Gather yourselves together, yes, gather together, O nation not desired;

American Standard Version
Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation that hath no shame;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Assemble yourselves together, be gathered together, O nation not worthy to be loved:

Darby Bible Translation
Collect yourselves and gather together, O nation without shame,

English Revised Version
Gather yourselves together, yea, gather together, O nation that hath no shame;

Webster's Bible Translation
Assemble yourselves, yes, assemble, O nation not desired;

World English Bible
Gather yourselves together, yes, gather together, you nation that has no shame,

Young's Literal Translation
Bend yourselves, yea, bend ye, O nation not desired,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-3 The prophet calls to national repentance, as the only way to prevent national ruin. A nation not desiring, that has not desires toward God, is not desirous of his favour and grace, has no mind to repent and reform. Or, not desirable, not having any thing to recommend them to God; to whom God might justly say, Depart from me; but he says, Gather together to me that you may seek my face. We know what God's decree will bring against impenitent sinners, therefore it highly concerns all to repent in the accepted time. How careful should we all be to seek peace with God, before the Holy Spirit withdraws from us, or ceases to strive with us; before the day of grace is over, or the day of life; before our everlasting state is determined! Let the poor, despised, and afflicted, seek the Lord, and seek to understand and keep his commandments better, that they may be more humbled for their sins. The chief hope of deliverance from national judgments rests upon prayer.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1-ch.3:8. - Part II. EXHORTATION TO REPENTANCE AND TO PERSEVERANCE. Verses 1-3. - § 1. The prophet urges all to examine their ways before the day of the Lord come; and he prays the righteous to seek the Lord more earnestly, in order that they may be safe in the judgment. Verse 1. - Gather yourselves together. So the versions; and this rendering is probably correct. The prophet calls upon his nation to assemble themselves together in order to take mutual counsel or to make general confession and supplication to God. Another rendering, based on some alteration of letters, is, "Set yourselves to be ashamed; yea, be ashamed" (comp. Isaiah 46:8). Yea, gather together. The LXX. renders the two words, συνάχθητε καὶ συνδέθητε, "be ye gathered and bound together;" "Id est," says Jerome, "estote vobis caritatis vinculo copulati." O nation not desired; Vulgate, gens non amabilis - a litotes for abominable, hated for its sins, unworthy of God's love and care. The Septuagint rendering, ἀπαίδευτον, "unchastened," points to the meaning affixed by the Chaldee paraphrase, that does not wish to be converted," having no desire for amendment; like what is said in Jeremiah 2:30, "they received no correction." Others render, "which does not turn pale," i.e. which is not ashamed, comparing Isaiah 29:22. The verb kasaph seems to have this meaning in niphal, according to Talmudic use; but its usual signification is "to pine" or "long for." The Revised Version gives in the margin, "that hath no longing" - a rendering adopted by Professor Gandell, implying that the people are quite satisfied with their present condition, and have no aspiration for anything better or higher (comp. Hosea 12:8). This is a very apposite interpretation; but there is no sufficient ground for rejecting the translation of the Authorized Version, which is supported by high authority, is agreeable to the use of the word, and affords a satisfactory sense.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Gather yourselves together,.... This is said to the people of the Jews in general; that whereas the judgments of God were coming upon them, as predicted in the preceding chapter Zephaniah 1:1, it was high time for them to get together, and consider what was to be done at such a juncture; it was right to call a solemn assembly, to gather the people, priests, and elders, together, to some one place, as Joel directs, Joel 1:14 the inhabitants of Jerusalem to the temple, and the people of the land to their respective synagogues, and there humble themselves before the Lord; confess their sins, and declare their repentance for them; and pray that God would show favour to them, and avert his wrath and judgments from them: or, "gather the straw" (y); from yourselves, and then gather it from others, as follows: or, "first adorn yourselves", and "then others", as in the Talmud (z); and the sense is the same with the words of Christ, "first cast out the beam out of thine own eye", &c. Matthew 7:3 and the meaning of both is, first correct and amend yourselves, and then reprove others: this sense is given by the Jewish commentators, and is approved by Gussetius (a): or "search yourselves" (b); as some render the word; and that very diligently, as stubble is searched into, or any thing searched for in it; let the body of the people inquire among themselves what should be the cause of these things; what public sins prevailed among them, for which they were threatened with an utter destruction; and let everyone search into his own heart and ways, and consider how much he has contributed to the bringing down such sad calamities upon the nation: thus it became them to search and inquire into their state and circumstances of affairs, in a way of self-examination; or otherwise the Lord would search them in a way of judgment, as threatened Zephaniah 1:12 or "shake out" (c), or "fan yourselves", as others; remove your chaff by repentance and reformation, that you be not blown away like chaff in the day of God's wrath, as afterwards suggested:

yea, gather together; or "search", or "shake out", or "fan", as before: this is repeated, to show the necessity and importance of it, and the vehemency of the prophet in urging it:

O nation not desired; by other nations, but hated by them, as Abarbinel observes; not desirable to God or good men; not amiable or lovely for any excellencies and goodness in them, but the reverse; being a disobedient and rebellious people; a seed of evildoers, laden with iniquity, who, from the crown of the head to the sole of the feet, were full of wounds, bruises, and putrefying sores; or of disorders and irregularities, sins and transgressions, comparable to them; and therefore, instead of being desirable, were loathsome and abominable: or, as some render the word, "O nation void of desire" (d); or "not affected" with it; who had no desire after God, and the knowledge of his will; after his word and worship; after a return unto him, and reconciliation with him; after his favour, grace, and mercy; not desirous of good things, nor of doing any. So the Targum,

"gather together, and come, and draw near, this people who desire not to return to the law.''

Joseph Kimchi, from the use of the word in the Misnic language, renders it, "O nation not ashamed": of their evil works, being bold and impudent; and yet, such was the goodness and grace of God to them, that he calls them to repentance, and gives them warning before he strikes the blow.

(y) "legite paleas vestras", Gussetius. "proprie est stipulas colligere", Drusius, Piscator, Tarnovius. (z) T. Bab. Bava Metzia, fol. 107. 2. & Bava Bathra, fol. 60. 2. & Sanhedrin, fol. 19. 1.((a) Ebr. Comment. p. 763. (b) "Scrutamini", Pagninus; "disquirite", Munster; "examinate", Vatablus; "perscrutamini", Cocceius. (c) "Excutite vos", Junius & Tremellius, Tarnovius; so Stockius, p. 975. (d) "vacua desiderio", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "quae nullo desiderio afficeris", Burkius; "quae nullo tenteris affectu", Munster.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 2

Zep 2:1-15. Exhortation to Repent before the Chaldean Invaders Come. Doom of Judah's Foes, the Philistines, Moab, Ammon, with Their Idols, and Ethiopia and Assyria.

1. Gather yourselves—to a religious assembly, to avert the judgment by prayers (Joe 2:16) [Grotius]. Or, so as not to be dissipated "as chaff" (Zep 2:2). The Hebrew is akin to a root meaning "chaff." Self-confidence and corrupt desires are the dissipation from which they are exhorted to gather themselves [Calvin]. The foe otherwise, like the wind, will scatter you "as the chaff." Repentance is the gathering of themselves meant.

nation not desired—(Compare 2Ch 21:20), that is, not desirable; unworthy of the grace or favor of God; and yet God so magnifies that grace as to be still solicitous for their safety, though they had destroyed themselves and forfeited all claims on His grace [Calvin]. The Margin from Chaldee Version has, "not desirous," namely of returning to God. Maurer and Gesenius translate, "Not waxing pale," that is, dead to shame. English Version is best.

Zephaniah 2:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
A Call to Repentance
1Gather yourselves together, yes, gather, O nation without shame, 2Before the decree takes effect-- The day passes like the chaff-- Before the burning anger of the LORD comes upon you, Before the day of the LORD'S anger comes upon you.…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 20:4
The people of Judah came together to seek help from the LORD; indeed, they came from every town in Judah to seek him.

Jeremiah 3:3
Therefore the showers have been withheld, and no spring rains have fallen. Yet you have the brazen look of a prostitute; you refuse to blush with shame.

Jeremiah 6:15
Are they ashamed of their detestable conduct? No, they have no shame at all; they do not even know how to blush. So they will fall among the fallen; they will be brought down when I punish them," says the LORD.

Joel 1:14
Declare a holy fast; call a sacred assembly. Summon the elders and all who live in the land to the house of the LORD your God, and cry out to the LORD.

Zephaniah 3:5
The LORD within her is righteous; he does no wrong. Morning by morning he dispenses his justice, and every new day he does not fail, yet the unrighteous know no shame.
Treasury of Scripture

Gather yourselves together, yes, gather together, O nation not desired;

gather together.

2 Chronicles 20:4 And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask help of the LORD: …

Nehemiah 8:1 And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the …

Nehemiah 9:1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel …

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and …

Joel 1:14 Sanctify you a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and …

Joel 2:12-18 Therefore also now, said the LORD, turn you even to me with all your …

Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am …

O nation.

Isaiah 1:4-6,10-15 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, …

Jeremiah 12:7-9 I have forsaken my house, I have left my heritage; I have given the …

Zechariah 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed …

desired. or, desirous.

Isaiah 26:8,9 Yes, in the way of your judgments, O LORD, have we waited for you; …

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