Condensed Biblical CyclopediaThe Babylonish Captivity
- Causes That Led to It. The people were taken into captivity Because of their departure from the laws of the Lord and their Consequent idolatry (1 Kings 14:21-24; 1 Kings 15:1-3; 1 Kings 16:1-20; 1 Kings 21:1-24; 1 Kings 23:31-37 2 Chronicles 36:1-21).
- Conditions During the Captivity. The people of God were not Oppressed during their sojourn in Babylon although they sat down by the Rivers and wept, and hung their harps upon the willow trees, and Declared that they could not sing the Lord's songs in a strange land (Psalms 137:1-6). It is probable that many of them followed the advice of the prophet Jeremiah and built houses in which to reside (Jeremiah 29:3-7). There were great possibilities before the ambitious Hebrews, and Numbers of them arose to positions of distinction and usefulness in the Empire (Daniel 2:48; Nehemiah 1:1-11).
- Synagogues. It is probable that the custom of erecting Synagogues originated during the Babylonish captivity.
- Ezekiel and Daniel the Prophets. The prophets Ezekiel and Daniel Flourished during the Babylonish captivity. Ezekiel's life and labors Were characterized by,
- his call to the prophetic office while residing by the river Chebar (Ezekiel 1:1-3);
- he saw a vision of a whirlwind from the North out of which came the likeness of four living creatures (Ezekiel 1:3-28);
- he was commissioned to Israel (Ezekiel 2:1-10);
- he predicted the siege, downfall, and ruin of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 4:1-5:17);
- he predicted the utter desolation of Israel (Ezekiel 6:1-15);
- his visions of the preservation of the righteous and the destruction of the wicked (Ezekiel 9:1-11; Ezekiel 18:1-28);
- his vision of the cherubim, and coals of fire scattered over the city (Ezekiel 10:1-22);
- he predicted the restoration of the children of Israel (Ezekiel 11:17-20; Ezekiel 16:60-62; Ezekiel 34:12-16);
- he predicted the captivity of the prince of Jerusalem and his subjects by the Babylonians, whose land he should not see though he should die there (Ezekiel 12:8-20);
- he predicted the downfall of the Ammonites (Ezekiel 25:1-10);
- he predicted the destruction of Moab, Edom and the Philistines (Ezekiel 25:11-17);
- he predicted the destruction of Tyrus (Ezekiel 26:1-21);
- he predicted the downfall of Pharaoh and Egypt (Ezekiel 29:1-10);
- he predicted the coming of the good Shepherd (Ezekiel 34:23,24);
- he predicted the downfall of Mount Seir (Ezekiel 35:2-15);
- the Lord's promise of a new heart (Ezekiel 36:24-29);
- his vision of the dry bones (Ezekiel 37:1-14);
- his vision of the temple, the court and the priests (Ezekiel 40:1-44:31);
- his vision of the holy waters (Ezekiel 47:1-12);
Daniel's life and labors were characterized by,
- the beginning of the captivity at the overthrow of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (Daniel 1:1-6);
- he was selected to receive an education in the Chaldean language (Daniel 1:3-6);
- he refused to defile himself with the king's meat (Daniel 1:5-16);
- God gave him knowledge, skill and wisdom (Daniel 1:17-20);
- he made known the dream of Nebuchadnezzar and interpreted it (Daniel 2:48,49);
- the casting of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego into the fire and their preservation (Daniel 2:49-3:30);
- he interpreted the dream of Nebuchadnezzar the king (Daniel 4:1-37);
- he interpreted the handwriting upon the wall (Daniel 5:1-30);
- he was advanced by Darius to a high and honorable position (Daniel 6:1-4);
- he was cast into a den of lions (Daniel 6:4-23);
- the destruction of his accusers (Daniel 6:24);
- the king's decree in honor of Daniel's God (Daniel 6:25-27);
- his vision in the first year of Belshazzar's reign (Daniel 7:1-28);
- his vision in the third year of Belshazzar's reign (Daniel 8:1-27);
- his prayers for his people in the first year of Darius' reign (Daniel 9:1-21);
- the visit of Gabriel to him who informed him of the time of his coming of the Messiah, the Prince (Daniel 9:21-27);
- he described the three kings that were to rule Persia followed by a fourth richer and more powerful than they all (Daniel 11:1-45);
- he foretold the general resurrection (Daniel 12:1-13).
- Decree of Cyrus. In the first year of the reign of Cyrus, king Of Persia, in fulfillment of the prophecy of Jeremiah, he proclaimed Throughout his dominions that the Lord had charged him to build Him a House at Jerusalem, and gave permission for the captives to return (2 Chronicles 36:22,23; Ezra 1:1-4). He also delivered to the captives the vessels that had been taken from the house of the Lord by Nebuchadnezzar (Ezra 1:5-11). As a result of this decree, quite a large number of the captives returned to their native land (Ezra 2:1-70; Nehemiah 7:1-69).
- Rebuilding the Temple. In the second year after the return, The foundation of the temple was laid amidst the weeping of the old men And the shouting of the young (Ezra 3:1-13).
- Hindered by Enemies. As soon as the enemies of Judah heard that The work had been commenced, they came to Zerubbabel and other chief Men and asked permission to join them in the work, but their Proposition was not accepted, and, as a result, they did everything They could to hinder the work, and finally the work was suspended (Ezra 4:1-24). In the second year of Darius, king of Persia, two new prophets arose to encourage the people (Ezra 5:1-17). Finally, under the favor of Darius, the building was completed, and the people Re-inaugurated the service of God with great demonstrations of Reverence and joy (Ezra 6:1-22).
- Ezra, the Scribe. After these events, Ezra the scribe came into Jerusalem from Babylon (Ezra 7:1-8). He was accompanied by many of the brethren (Ezra 8:1-36). Ezra was a true reformer, and he consecrated his powers to the improvement and elevation of his people (Ezra 9:1-10:17).
- Nehemiah. Nehemiah heard from some of his brethren of the Condition of the city of Jerusalem. As soon as he heard this, he wept, Mourned, fasted and prayed to the God of heaven (Nehemiah 1:1-11). He was at this time the cupbearer to Artaxerxes, king of Persia, and the king Beheld his sad expression and inquired the cause. He immediately Communicated his desire to the king, who gave him permission to return To the land of his nativity (Nehemiah 2:1-18). Upon his arrival at Jerusalem. he inspected the ruins by night, after which he proposed to The rulers that they unite in rebuilding the wall (Nehemiah 2:11-20).
- Rebuilding the Wall. Nehemiah's zeal was contagious. The work Was inaugurated and carried on to completion in the face of most Vehement opposition (Nehemiah 3:1-4:23). After the completion of the wall, Nehemiah, like his distinguished contemporary Ezra, gave his influence To the reformation of the people (Nehemiah 5:1-6:16; Nehemiah 8:1-6; Nehemiah 13:1-31).
- Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi the Prophets. Haggai and Zechariah, the prophets, flourished after the return from Babylon, and Malachi, probably a little later. The chief design of Haggai seems to Have been to stir up the people to the completion of the temple (Ezra 5:1; Haggai 1:1-2:23).
Zechariah was associated with Haggai on the work of reformation (Ezra 5:1). He predicted
- the betrayal of Lord (Zechariah 11:10-14; Matthew 27:3-10),
- and the proclamation of the gospel from Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:1-9).
Malachi was a true reformer. He predicted
- the bringing in of the Gentiles (Malachi 1:11),
- the coming of the forerunner of Christ (Malachi 3:1; Malachi 4:5);
- and the coming of Christ himself (Malachi 3:1-4).
Of the Babylonish Captivity, and the Things Signified Thereby.
... Chapter 21."Of the Babylonish Captivity, and the Things Signified Thereby.
37. "Howbeit, after the lapse of some generations, another ...
/.../chapter 21 of the babylonish captivity.htm
On the Babylonish Captivity of the Church on the Babylonish ...
... CONCERNING CHRISTIAN LIBERTY III ON THE BABYLONISH CAPTIVITY OF THE CHURCH ON THE
BABYLONISH CAPTIVITY OF THE CHURCH. Jesus. Martin Luther, of the Order of St. ...
/.../luther/first principles of the reformation/iii on the babylonish captivity.htm
The Original Text and Its History.
... 4. During the long Babylonish captivity the mass of the Jewish people, who were
born and educated in Babylon and the adjacent regions, adopted of necessity the ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xiv the original text.htm
On Attending the Church Service
... What manner of men they were about the time of the Babylonish captivity, we learn
from various passages in the prophecy of Jeremiah: From which it manifestly ...
/.../wesley/sermons on several occasions/sermon 104 on attending the.htm
...  ...But when all time is past, then we return to our country, as after seventy
years that people returned from the Babylonish captivity, for Babylon is ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm cxxvi.htm
That the Jews Ceased to have Prophets after the Rebuilding of the ...
... Before that, indeed, from the time of their return from the Babylonish captivity
and the rebuilding of the temple, they had not kings, but generals or principes ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 45 that the jews ceased.htm
Language of the New Testament. 1 in the Character of the Original ...
... One result of the Babylonish captivity was that Hebrew ceased to be the vernacular
of the masses of the people, and a form of Aramaean took its place. ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xxiv language of the.htm
A Spiritual Revival
... In his study of the causes leading to the Babylonish captivity, Ezra had learned
that Israel's apostasy was largely traceable to their mingling with heathen ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 51 a spiritual revival.htm
The Chosen People
... By the Babylonish captivity the Israelites were effectually cured of the
worship of graven images. During the centuries that followed ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/white/the desire of ages/chapter 2 the chosen people.htm
The Law, and the Prophecy.
... In this form it accompanied the Levitical priesthood and the Davidic dynasty down
to the Babylonish captivity, survived this catastrophe, and directed the ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 10 the law and.htm
The After Life
The Age of Accountability
The Age of Earth
The Alabaster Box
the Amorites Amorite
The Angel of Death
The Angel of Light
The Appearance of Evil
The Ark of Covenant
The Armor of God
The Babylonish Captivity
the Baptize John
The Battle is the Lords
The Bermuda Triangle
The Big Bang Theory
The Birth of Christ
The Blood Covenant
The Blood of Jesus
The Body of Christ
The Body of the Church
The Book Of
the Book Of Daniel
the Book Of Enoch
the Book Of Esther
the Book Of Jeremiah
the Book Of Judith
the Book Of Micah
the Book Of Nehemiah
the Book Of Numbers
the Book Of Proverb
the Book Of Psalms
The Book of the Secrets Of
the Book Of Zechariah
The Bride of Christ
the Brook Besor
the Brook Cherith
the Brook of The Willows
The Canon of Scripture
The Christian Family
The Christmas Tree
The City Underwater
the Cliff Of Ziz
The Color Blue
The Color Purple
The Color Yellow
The Consequences of Sin
The Cost of Discipleship
The Cost to Follow Jesus
The Daniel Fast
the Day Of Atonement
The Day of Judgement
The Day of Pentecost
The Earth Orbiting the Sun
The End of Days
the Epistle Of James
the Epistle of Paul To Philemon
the Epistle To The Colossians
the Epistle To The Ephesians
the Epistle To The Galatians
The Ethiopian Eunuch
the Feast Of Tabernacles
the First Epistle General Of John
The First Resurrection
The Five Senses
The Fivefold Ministry
The Four Seasons
The Fruit of the Spirit
The Fullers Field
the Garden Of Uzza
the General Epistle Of James
The Great Commission
the Great Synagogue
The Great Tribulation
The Greek Language
The Hebrew Monarchy
the Hill Gareb
the Hill Hachilah
The Holy Land
The Holy Spirit
The Holy Trinity
the House Of Millo
The Ice Age
the Jews of The Dispersion
The Kingdom or Church of Christ
the Land Of Benjamin
the Land Of Canaan
the Land Of Shalim
the Land Of Shalisha
the Land Of Shual
The Last Supper
The Law of Moses
the Lord Of Sabaoth
the Lords Brother Judas
The Lords Day
the Man of God Moses
The Moabite Stone
The New Jerusalem
The Number 10
The Number 12
The Number 30
The Number 5
The Number 7
The Number One
the Plain Of Tabor
the Pool Of Siloah
The Potters Field
The Power of Prayer
The Prodigal Son
The Prophet Isaiah
The Red Heifer
the Rock Etam
the Rock Oreb
The Rose of Sharon
the Salt Sea
the Sea Of Tiberias
the Second and Third Epistles Of John
the Second Book Of Esdras
the Ten Plagues
the Three Taverns
the Tribe Of Benjamin
the Tribe Of Gad
The Twelve Apostles
the Two Thieves
the Valley Eshcol
the Valley Of Charashim
the Valley Of Elah
the Valley Of Rephaim
the Valley Of Zared
the Waters Of Shiloah
the Wife Of Pharaoh
The Wisdom of Solomon
the Wood Of Ephraim
The World Ending
The Year 2012
The Year of Jubilee
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