Nehemiah 13:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
On that day the Book of Moses was read aloud in the hearing of the people and there it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever be admitted into the assembly of God,

New Living Translation
On that same day, as the Book of Moses was being read to the people, the passage was found that said no Ammonite or Moabite should ever be permitted to enter the assembly of God.

English Standard Version
On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people. And in it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God,

New American Standard Bible
On that day they read aloud from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and there was found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God,

King James Bible
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At that time the book of Moses was read publicly to the people. The command was found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God,

International Standard Version
Later that day the book of Moses was read aloud so the people could hear it, and a written command was discovered therein permanently prohibiting the Ammonites and Moabites from coming into the congregation of God

NET Bible
On that day the book of Moses was read aloud in the hearing of the people. They found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite may ever enter the assembly of God,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On that day the Book of Moses was read while the people were listening. They heard the passage that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever be admitted into God's assembly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and it was found written therein that the Ammonites and the Moabites should not come into the congregation of God forever

King James 2000 Bible
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and in it was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God forever;

American King James Version
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;

American Standard Version
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that an Ammonite and a Moabite should not enter into the assembly of God for ever,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And on that day they read in the book of Moses in the hearing of the people: and therein was found written, that the Ammonites and the Moabites should not come in to the church of God for ever:

Darby Bible Translation
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and there was found written in it that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;

English Revised Version
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that an Ammonite and a Moabite should not enter into the assembly of God for ever;

Webster's Bible Translation
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever:

World English Bible
On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that an Ammonite and a Moabite should not enter into the assembly of God forever,

Young's Literal Translation
On that day there was read in the book of Moses, in the ears of the people, and it hath been found written in it that an Ammonite and Moabite doth not come into the assembly of God -- unto the age,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

13:1-9 Israel was a peculiar people, and not to mingle with the nations. See the benefit of publicly reading the word of God; when it is duly attended to, it discovers to us sin and duty, good and evil, and shows wherein we have erred. We profit, when we are thus wrought upon to separate from evil. Those that would drive sin out of their hearts, the living temples, must throw out its household stuff, and all the provision made for it; and take away all the things that are the food and fuel of lust; this is really to mortify it. When sin is cast out of the heart by repentance, let the blood of Christ be applied to it by faith, then let it be furnished with the graces of God's Spirit, for every good work.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - On that day. See Nehemiah 12:44. The phrase seems to mean, in Nehemiah, "About that time." They read in the book of Moses. It is uncertain whether this was a casual reading, like that of Ezra's, recorded in Nehemiah 8:1-8, or whether it was the prescribed reading (Deuteronomy 31:11) at the time of the feast of tabernacles. Therein was found written. See Deuteronomy 23:3-5. It seems to be implied that the nation at large had no knowledge of the law, except that which they derived from the occasional public reading of the Pentateuch, or portions of it. Copies of the law were extremely scarce; and even if an ordinary Jew possessed one, he would not have been able to understand it (comp. above, Nehemiah 8:8).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

On that day,.... Not when the wall of the city was dedicated, nor quickly after; for it cannot be thought that people should be so corrupted so soon as this chapter shows; but when Nehemiah had governed them twelve years, and had been at Babylon, and was returned again, as appears from Nehemiah 13:6, compared with Nehemiah 2:1,

they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; for from the time of the reading of the law by Ezra, Nehemiah 8:1 it became a custom to read the law publicly:

and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of the Lord; that is, be admitted to marry with any of the people of Israel; See Gill on Deuteronomy 23:3.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 13

Ne 13:1-9. Upon the Reading of the Law Separation Is Made from the Mixed Multitude.

1. On that day—This was not immediately consequent on the dedication of the city wall and gates, but after Nehemiah's return from the Persian court to Jerusalem, his absence having extended over a considerable period. The transaction here described probably took place on one of the periodical occasions for the public readings of the law, when the people's attention was particularly directed to some violations of it which called for immediate correction. There is another instance afforded, in addition to those which have already fallen under our notice, of the great advantages resulting from the public and periodical reading of the divine law. It was an established provision for the religious instruction of the people, for diffusing a knowledge and a reverence for the sacred volume, as well as for removing those errors and corruptions which might, in the course of time, have crept in.

the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever—that is, not be incorporated into the Israelitish kingdom, nor united in marriage relations with that people (De 23:3, 4). This appeal to the authority of the divine law led to a dissolution of all heathen alliances (Ne 9:2; Ezr 10:3).

Nehemiah 13:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Foreigners Excluded
1On that day they read aloud from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and there was found written in it that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God, 2because they did not meet the sons of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them. However, our God turned the curse into a blessing.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 23:3
No Ammonite or Moabite or any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the LORD, not even in the tenth generation.

Nehemiah 9:3
They stood where they were and read from the Book of the Law of the LORD their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another quarter in confession and in worshiping the LORD their God.

Nehemiah 13:23
Moreover, in those days I saw men of Judah who had married women from Ashdod, Ammon and Moab.
Treasury of Scripture

On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;

that day. Some suppose that the events recorded in these verses took place several years after those related in the preceding chapter, while Nehemiah was absent at the Persian court; but the introductory language, on that day, seems rather to imply that they occurred immediately, or at least about that time.

they read. Heb. there was read.

Nehemiah 8:3-8 And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate …

Nehemiah 9:3 And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law …

Deuteronomy 31:11,12 When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD your God in the …

2 Kings 23:2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men …

Isaiah 34:16 Seek you out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall …

Luke 4:16-19 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his …

Luke 10:26 He said to him, What is written in the law? how read you?

Acts 13:15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the …

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time has in every city them that preach him, being …

audience. Heb. ears. the Ammonite.

Nehemiah 13:23 In those days also saw I Jews that had married wives of Ashdod, of …

Deuteronomy 23:3-5 An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD…

Isaiah 15:1-16:14 The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, …

Jeremiah 48:1-47 Against Moab thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe …

Ezekiel 25:1-11 The word of the LORD came again to me, saying…

Amos 2:1-3 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Moab, and for four, …

Moabite.

Nehemiah 2:10,19 When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, …

Nehemiah 4:3 Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him, and he said, Even that which …

Psalm 83:7-9 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre…

Jeremiah 49:1-6 Concerning the Ammonites, thus said the LORD; Has Israel no sons? …

Amos 1:13-15 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, …

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OT History: Nehemiah 13:1 On that day they read (Neh Ne) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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