Proverbs 1:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Listen, my son, to your father's instruction and do not forsake your mother's teaching.

New Living Translation
My child, listen when your father corrects you. Don't neglect your mother's instruction.

English Standard Version
Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching,

New American Standard Bible
Hear, my son, your father's instruction And do not forsake your mother's teaching;

King James Bible
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Listen, my son, to your father's instruction, and don't reject your mother's teaching,

International Standard Version
My son, listen to your father's instruction, and do not let go of your mother's teaching.

NET Bible
Listen, my child, to the instruction from your father, and do not forsake the teaching from your mother.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Hear, my son, the law of your father and do not forget the law of your mother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
My son, listen to your father's discipline, and do not neglect your mother's teachings,

Jubilee Bible 2000
My son, hearken unto the chastening of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

King James 2000 Bible
My son, hear the instruction of your father, and forsake not the law of your mother:

American King James Version
My son, hear the instruction of your father, and forsake not the law of your mother:

American Standard Version
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, And forsake not the law of thy mother:

Douay-Rheims Bible
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother :

Darby Bible Translation
Hear, my son, the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the teaching of thy mother;

English Revised Version
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

Webster's Bible Translation
My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:

World English Bible
My son, listen to your father's instruction, and don't forsake your mother's teaching:

Young's Literal Translation
Hear, my son, the instruction of thy father, And leave not the law of thy mother,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:7-9 Fools are persons who have no true wisdom, who follow their own devices, without regard to reason, or reverence for God. Children are reasonable creatures, and when we tell them what they must do, we must tell them why. But they are corrupt and wilful, therefore with the instruction there is need of a law. Let Divine truths and commands be to us most honourable; let us value them, and then they shall be so to us.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 8-19. - 1. First admonitory discourse. Warning against enticements to robbery and bloodshed. Verse 8. - My son, hear the instruction of thy father. The transition in this verse from what may be regarded as filial obedience towards God to filial obedience towards parents is suggestive of the moral Law. The same admonition, in a slightly altered form, occurs again in ch. 6, "My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother" (cf. also Proverbs 4:1). My son; בְּנִבי (b'ni) from בֵּן (ben), "a son." The form of address here adopted was that in common use by teachers towards their pupils, and marks that superintending, loving, and fatherly care and interest which the former felt in and towards the latter. It occurs frequently in the introductory section (Proverbs 2:1; Proverbs 3:1, 21; Proverbs 4:10, 20; Proverbs 5:1; Proverbs 6:1; Proverbs 7:1), and reappears again towards the close (Proverbs 23:15, 19, 26; Proverbs 24:13, 21; Proverbs 27:11) in the teacher's address. The mother of Lemuel uses it (Proverbs 31:2) in the strictly parental sense. In other passages of the Old Testament the teacher, on the other hand, is represented as a "father" (Judges 17:10 Isaiah 10:12; 2 Kings 2:21). We find the same relation assumed in the New Testament, both by St. Paul (1 Corinthians 4:15; Philemon 1:10; Galatians 4:19) and by St. John (1 John 2:1; 1 John 5:2); but under the economy of the gospel it has a deeper significance than here, as pointing to the "new birth," which, being a later revelation, lies outside the scope of the moral teaching of the Old Testament dispensation. The instruction (מֶוּסַר musar); as carrying with it the sense of disciplinary education (cf. LXX., παιδεία; Vulgate, disciplina; see also ver. 2), and of the correction with which it may be enforced (cf. Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 22:15; Proverbs 23:13, 14), the writer attributes appropriately to the father, while the milder torah, "law," he uses of the mother (Delitzsch). Father. The nature of the exhortation conveyed in this verse requires that we should understand the terms "father" and "mother" in their natural sense as designating the parents of the persons addressed, though a symbolical meaning has Been attached to them by the rabbis (see Rabbi Salomon, in loc.), "father" being understood as representing God, and "mother," the people. But the terms are more than merely figurative expressions (Stuart). Those who look upon the Proverbs as the address of Solomon to his son Rehoboam naturally take "father" as standing for the former. Naamah, in this case must be the mother (1 Kings 14:31). It is almost unnecessary to state that pious parents are presupposed, and that only that instruction and law can be meant which is not inconsistent with the higher and more perfect Law of God (Gejerus, Wardlaw). And forsake not the law of thy mother. Forsake. The radical meaning of הִּטּשׁ (tittosh) is that of "spreading," then of "scattering" (Aiken), and so the word comes to mean "forsake, reject, or neglect." The LXX. reads ἀπώσῃ, from ἀποθέω, abjicere, "to push away, reject." Cf. abjicias (Arabic). The Vulgate has dimittas, i.e. "abandon," and the Syriac, obliviscaris, i.e. "forget." The law; תּורַת (torath), construct case of תּורַה (torah), from the root יָרָה (yarah), "to teach," hence here equivalent to "a law" in the sense of that which teaches - a precept (doctrina, Jun. et Tremell., Piscat., Castal., Versions). With one exception (Proverbs 8:10), it is the term which always expresses the instruction given by Wisdom (Delitzsch). The law (torah) of the mother is that preceptive teaching which she imparts orally to her son, but torah is also used in a technical sense as lex, νόμος δέσμος, that which is laid down and established, a decretum or institutum, and designates some distinct provision or ordinance, as the law of sacrifice (Leviticus 6:7). In Joshua 1:8 we find it employed to signify the whole body of the Mosaic Law (sepher hatorah). Mother. Not inserted here as a natural expansion of the idea of the figure required by the laws of poetic parallelism (as Zockler), since this weakens the force of the passage. Mothers are mentioned because of their sedulousness in imparting instruction (Bayne).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

My son, hear the instruction of thy father,.... This is not to be understood of God the Father of mankind, and of that law which he has given them, as Jarchi and Gersom interpret it, but of Solomon and his son in a literal sense; and of anyone that came to him for instruction, any pupil, hearer, or reader of his; and it is a direction to all children to hearken to the instruction of their parents, and obey their commands; so, next to the fear and worship of God, he exhorts to obedience to parents, and proceeds just in the same order and method in which the decalogue or ten commands were written; the first table respects God and his worship, and the second follows, which begins with "honour thy father and thy mother", &c. Exodus 20:12, which, the apostle says, is "the first commandment with promise", Ephesians 6:1;

and forsake not the law of thy mother; meaning not the congregation of Israel, the old synagogue, or Jewish church, as Jarchi; and so in the Talmud (p) it is interpreted of the congregation of Israel, as is "thy father" in the former clause of the divine Being; nor the operative faculty of the human understanding, as Gersom; but the mother of Solomon's son; and any and every mother of a child, who having an equal or greater tenderness for her offspring, and a true and hearty regard for their welfare, will instruct them in the best manner she can, give the best rules, and prescribe the best laws she can for their good; and which ought to be as carefully attended to and obeyed as those of a father; and she is particularly mentioned, because the law of God equally enjoins reverence and obedience to both parents, which human laws among the Gentiles did not; and because children are too apt to slight the directions and instructions of a mother; whereas they carry equal authority, and have in them the nature of a law, as those of a father.

(p) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 102. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. My son—This paternal form denotes a tender regard for the reader. Filial sentiments rank next to piety towards God, and ensure most distinguished rewards (compare Pr 6:20; Eph 6:2, 3).

Proverbs 1:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Enticement of Sin
8Hear, my son, your father's instruction And do not forsake your mother's teaching; 9Indeed, they are a graceful wreath to your head And ornaments about your neck.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 21:18
If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who does not obey his father and mother and will not listen to them when they discipline him,

Proverbs 4:1
Listen, my sons, to a father's instruction; pay attention and gain understanding.

Proverbs 5:13
I would not obey my teachers or turn my ear to my instructors.

Proverbs 6:20
My son, keep your father's command and do not forsake your mother's teaching.

Proverbs 23:22
Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old.

Jeremiah 35:8
We have obeyed everything our forefather Jehonadab son of Rekab commanded us. Neither we nor our wives nor our sons and daughters have ever drunk wine
Treasury of Scripture

My son, hear the instruction of your father, and forsake not the law of your mother:

my son

Proverbs 1:10,15 My son, if sinners entice you, consent you not…

Proverbs 2:1 My son, if you will receive my words, and hide my commandments with you;

Proverbs 3:1 My son, forget not my law; but let your heart keep my commandments:

Proverbs 7:1 My son, keep my words, and lay up my commandments with you.

Matthew 9:2,22 And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on …

hear

Proverbs 4:1-4 Hear, you children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know …

Proverbs 5:1,2 My son, attend to my wisdom, and bow your ear to my understanding…

Proverbs 6:20 My son, keep your father's commandment, and forsake not the law of your mother:

Proverbs 30:17 The eye that mocks at his father, and despises to obey his mother, …

Proverbs 31:1 The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.

Leviticus 19:3 You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my …

Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey …

1 Samuel 2:25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if …

2 Timothy 1:5 When I call to remembrance the unfeigned faith that is in you, which …

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