Nehemiah 10:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"When the neighboring peoples bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day. Every seventh year we will forgo working the land and will cancel all debts.

New Living Translation
"We also promise that if the people of the land should bring any merchandise or grain to be sold on the Sabbath or on any other holy day, we will refuse to buy it. Every seventh year we will let our land rest, and we will cancel all debts owed to us.

English Standard Version
And if the peoples of the land bring in goods or any grain on the Sabbath day to sell, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on a holy day. And we will forego the crops of the seventh year and the exaction of every debt.

New American Standard Bible
As for the peoples of the land who bring wares or any grain on the sabbath day to sell, we will not buy from them on the sabbath or a holy day; and we will forego the crops the seventh year and the exaction of every debt.

King James Bible
And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the surrounding peoples bring merchandise or any kind of grain to sell on the Sabbath day, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or a holy day. We will also leave the land uncultivated in the seventh year and will cancel every debt.

International Standard Version
As for the people of the land who bring merchandise or grain to sell on the Sabbath day, we will not buy from them on the Sabbath or on any holy day. We will forego planting crops, and we will cancel debts during every seventh year."

NET Bible
We will not buy on the Sabbath or on a holy day from the neighboring peoples who bring their wares and all kinds of grain to sell on the Sabbath day. We will let the fields lie fallow every seventh year, and we will cancel every loan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If the inhabitants of the land bring merchandise or grain to sell on the day of worship, we won't buy anything from them on the day of worship or any other holy day. During the seventh year, we won't plant the fields or collect any debts.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Likewise that if the peoples of the land bring merchandise or any food on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not take anything from them on the sabbath or on the holy day, and that we would leave the seventh year and remit every debt.

King James 2000 Bible
And if the people of the land bring in wares or any grain on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it from them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would forego the crops of the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

American King James Version
And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

American Standard Version
and if the peoples of the land bring wares or any grain on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the sabbath, or on a holy day; and that we would forego the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if the people of the land bring in things to sell, or any things for use, to sell them on the sabbath day, that we would not buy them of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day. And that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every hand.

Darby Bible Translation
and that if the peoples of the land brought wares or any grain on the sabbath day to sell, we would not take it of them on the sabbath, or on [any] holy day; and that we would leave [the land uncultivated] the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

English Revised Version
and if the peoples of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the sabbath, or on a holy day: and that we would forgo the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if the people of the land should bring wares or any provisions on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

World English Bible
and if the peoples of the land bring wares or any grain on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the Sabbath, or on a holy day; and that we would forego the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

Young's Literal Translation
and the peoples of the land who are bringing in the wares and any corn on the sabbath-day to sell, we receive not of them on the sabbath, and on a holy day, and we leave the seventh year, and usury on every hand.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:1-31 Conversion is separating from the course and custom of this world, devoting ourselves to the conduct directed by the word of God. When we bind ourselves to do the commandments of God, it is to do all his commandments, and to look to him as the Lord, and our Lord.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 31. - If the people of the land bring ware ... on the sabbath. If the heathen of this region will insist on bringing their wares into our cities and offering them for immediate sale on the sabbath, we Jews bind ourselves not to deal with them on that day. Subsequently, Nehemiah carried out more stringent regulations (Nehemiah 13:15-22). Or on the holy day. Rather, "or on a holy day." The people bind themselves to abstain from trade not only on the sabbath, but on any holy day. That we would leave the seventh year. By "leaving the seventh year," leaving the lands untilled every seventh or sabbatical year is meant. This precept of the law had been frequently neglected during the times of the monarchy, and its neglect was one of the sins which the captivity was expressly intended to punish (2 Chronicles 36:21). It now appears that after the return the precept had been again disobeyed. The exaction of every debt. Literally, "the pledge of every hand." Compare Nehemiah 5:2-13, and note that, notwithstanding Nehemiah's curse and the people's assent to it (ver. 13), the practice of lending upon pledge had recommenced.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And if the people of the land bring ware,.... Any thing to be sold, any sort of goods, that being sold might be taken away, as the word signifies:

or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell; anything to make food of; wheat or barley, as Aben Ezra interprets it; the same word is rendered corn; see Gill on Genesis 42:1; to sell which was not lawful on the sabbath day, see Amos 8:5

that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day; any festival, as the feast of the passover, pentecost, and tabernacles:

and that we would leave the seventh year: the ground untilled in that year, the vines unpruned, and the fruits of the earth, which sprung of themselves, for the poor to gather, Leviticus 25:4,

and the exaction of every debt; that they would not demand the payment of any debt on the seventh year, as the law required they should not, Deuteronomy 15:2.



Nehemiah 10:31 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Vows of the Covenant
30and that we will not give our daughters to the peoples of the land or take their daughters for our sons. 31As for the peoples of the land who bring wares or any grain on the sabbath day to sell, we will not buy from them on the sabbath or a holy day; and we will forego the crops the seventh year and the exaction of every debt. 32We also placed ourselves under obligation to contribute yearly one third of a shekel for the service of the house of our God:…
Cross References
Exodus 23:10
"For six years you are to sow your fields and harvest the crops,

Exodus 23:11
but during the seventh year let the land lie unplowed and unused. Then the poor among your people may get food from it, and the wild animals may eat what is left. Do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove.

Leviticus 25:1
The LORD said to Moses at Mount Sinai,

Deuteronomy 15:1
At the end of every seven years you must cancel debts.

Deuteronomy 15:2
This is how it is to be done: Every creditor shall cancel any loan they have made to a fellow Israelite. They shall not require payment from anyone among their own people, because the LORD's time for canceling debts has been proclaimed.

Nehemiah 5:12
"We will give it back," they said. "And we will not demand anything more from them. We will do as you say." Then I summoned the priests and made the nobles and officials take an oath to do what they had promised.

Nehemiah 13:15
In those days I saw people in Judah treading winepresses on the Sabbath and bringing in grain and loading it on donkeys, together with wine, grapes, figs and all other kinds of loads. And they were bringing all this into Jerusalem on the Sabbath. Therefore I warned them against selling food on that day.
Treasury of Scripture

And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

the people.

Nehemiah 13:15-22 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the sabbath, …

Exodus 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you …

Leviticus 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of …

Deuteronomy 5:12-14 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the LORD your God has commanded you…

Isaiah 58:13,14 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure …

Jeremiah 17:21,22 Thus said the LORD; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on …

on the holy day.

Exodus 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the …

Leviticus 16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh …

Leviticus 23:21,35,36 And you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy …

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect …

and that we.

Exodus 23:10,11 And six years you shall sow your land, and shall gather in the fruits thereof…

Leviticus 25:4-7 But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest to the land, a …

2 Chronicles 36:21 To fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the …

the exaction.

Nehemiah 5:1-13 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against …

Deuteronomy 15:1-3,7-9 At the end of every seven years you shall make a release…

Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.

Matthew 18:27-35 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed …

James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; …

debt. Heb. band.

Isaiah 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, …

Jump to Previous
Buy Debt Exaction Forego Grain Holy Leave Peoples Sabbath Sell Seventh Victuals Ware Wares
Jump to Next
Buy Debt Exaction Forego Grain Holy Leave Peoples Sabbath Sell Seventh Victuals Ware Wares
Links
Nehemiah 10:31 NIV
Nehemiah 10:31 NLT
Nehemiah 10:31 ESV
Nehemiah 10:31 NASB
Nehemiah 10:31 KJV

Nehemiah 10:31 Bible Apps
Nehemiah 10:31 Bible Suite
Nehemiah 10:31 Biblia Paralela
Nehemiah 10:31 Chinese Bible
Nehemiah 10:31 French Bible
Nehemiah 10:31 German Bible

Alphabetical: a all and any As bring buy cancel crops day debt debts Every exaction for forego forgo from grain holy land merchandise neighboring not of on or peoples Sabbath sell seventh the them to wares we When who will working year

OT History: Nehemiah 10:31 And if the peoples of the land (Neh Ne) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Nehemiah 10:30
Top of Page
Top of Page