Job 21:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"Is my complaint directed to a human being? Why should I not be impatient?

New Living Translation
"My complaint is with God, not with people. I have good reason to be so impatient.

English Standard Version
As for me, is my complaint against man? Why should I not be impatient?

New American Standard Bible
"As for me, is my complaint to man? And why should I not be impatient?

King James Bible
As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As for me, is my complaint against a man? Then why shouldn't I be impatient?

International Standard Version
After all, isn't my complaint against a human being? If so, why shouldn't I be impatient?

NET Bible
Is my complaint against a man? If so, why should I not be impatient?

New Heart English Bible
As for me, is my complaint to man? Why shouldn't I be impatient?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Am I complaining about a person? Why shouldn't I be impatient?

JPS Tanakh 1917
As for me, is my complaint to man? Or why should I not be impatient?

New American Standard 1977
“As for me, is my complaint to man?
            And why should I not be impatient?

Jubilee Bible 2000
As for me, is my complaint to man? And if so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

King James 2000 Bible
As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

American King James Version
As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

American Standard Version
As for me, is my complaint to man? And why should I not be impatient?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Is my debate against man, that I should not have just reason to be troubled?

Darby Bible Translation
As for me, is my complaint to a man? or wherefore should not my spirit be impatient?

English Revised Version
As for me, is my complaint to man? and why should I not be impatient?

Webster's Bible Translation
As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

World English Bible
As for me, is my complaint to man? Why shouldn't I be impatient?

Young's Literal Translation
I -- to man is my complaint? and if so, wherefore May not my temper become short?
Study Bible
Job: God will Deal with the Wicked
3"Bear with me that I may speak; Then after I have spoken, you may mock. 4"As for me, is my complaint to man? And why should I not be impatient? 5"Look at me, and be astonished, And put your hand over your mouth.…
Cross References
Job 6:11
"What is my strength, that I should wait? And what is my end, that I should endure?

Job 7:11
"Therefore I will not restrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit, I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Treasury of Scripture

As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

is my complaint

Job 7:11-21 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish …

Job 10:1,2 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint on myself; …

1 Samuel 1:16 Count not your handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the …

Psalm 22:1-3 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from …

Psalm 77:3-9 I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was …

Psalm 102:1-28 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come to you…

Psalm 142:2,3 I poured out my complaint before him; I showed before him my trouble…

Matthew 26:38 Then said he to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even to death: …

if it were

2 Kings 6:26,27 And as the king of Israel was passing by on the wall, there cried …

Psalm 42:11 Why are you cast down, O my soul? and why are you disquieted within …

troubled. Heb. shortened

Exodus 6:9 And Moses spoke so to the children of Israel: but they listened not …

(4) Is my complaint to man?--"It is not to man that I complain. I do not ask for your sympathy, and, therefore, why should ye resent an offence that is not given? If, however, I did ask it, might not my spirit with good reason be impatient? But, on the contrary, my complaint is to God; and, concerning the ways of God, I venture to ask why it is that His justice is so tardy; and this is a problem which when I remember it I am troubled, and horror taketh hold on my flesh, so difficult and arduous is it."

Verse 4. - As for me, is my complaint to man? Do I address myself to man, pour out my complaint to him, and expect him to redress my wrongs? No; far otherwise. I address myself to God, from whom alone I can look for effectual assistance. And if it were so; rather, and if so, if this is the case, if my appeal is to God, and he makes me no answer, then why should not my spirit be troubled? or, Why should I not be impatient? (Revised Version). Job thinks that he has a right to be impatient, if God does not vouchsafe him an answer. As for me, is my complaint to man?.... Job had been complaining, and still was, and continued to do so after this, but not to them, his friends, nor any other man; his complaint was made to God, and of him he thought he was hardly dealt with by him, he could not tell for what; he had desired to know the reason why he contended with him in such a manner, but could get no satisfaction; when his friends came first to visit him, they said nothing to him, nor he to them; and when he did speak, it was not to them, but to God, of whom he complains; and expostulates with him why he had ever been born, or had not died as soon as born, and not have lived to have seen such unhappy days, and endured so much affliction and trouble:

and if it were so; that he had made his complaint to man, since it would have been in vain, and to no purpose, he should have got no relief, nor obtained any satisfaction:

why should not my spirit be troubled? or "shortened" (l); or, as the Targum, be straitened; for as comfort and joy enlarge the heart, trouble contracts and straitens it; or is "my prayer" or (m) "petition to men?" it was not, though he was reduced so low, and was in such a distressed condition; he had asked nothing of men, not of these his friends, neither to give him of their substance, nor to help him out of the hands of his enemies, Job 6:21; he had poured out his complaint before God, and had directed his prayer to the God of his life; he had desired to speak to none but the Almighty, and to reason only with him; he had petitioned him to take cognizance of his case, and to admit of a hearing of it before him, and to have it determined by him; he had complained of wrongs and injuries done him, and begged to be redressed and righted, but got no answer; God did not think fit to answer him, but hid himself from him, and continued so to do: "and if", if this be the case, as it really was, "why should not my spirit be troubled?" is there not reason for it? Some think Job's meaning is, is "my disputation", as the Vulgate Latin version, or is my discourse concerning human things, things within the compass of human knowledge and reasoning? or, to be attained to by the force of that, without divine revelation? no, it is concerning divine things; concerning the mysteries of Providence, with respect to good and bad men; concerning the living Redeemer, his incarnation, resurrection, &c. and faith in him; concerning the general resurrection, the final judgment, and a future state of happiness: or does my complaint, petition, or discourse, savour of that which is human, and is intermixed with human frailty? if it be so, it should be borne with, it should be considered I am but a man, and liable to err; and especially great allowances should be made in my present circumstances, being trader such sore afflictions; and it may be reasonably thought, that though the spirit may be willing to behave in a better manner, the flesh is weak, and much must be imputed unto that; and it will not seem so extravagant to indulge a troubled spirit so severely exercised; persons under afflictions generally think they do well to be troubled, and that there is reason enough for it, and ought to be borne with, and not to be reproached and rallied on that account.

(l) "abbreviabitur", Montanus, Vatablus, "abbreviaretur", Drusius, Cocceius, Michaelis. (m) "precatio mea", Drusius. 4. Job's difficulty was not as to man, but as to God, why He so afflicted him, as if he were the guilty hypocrite which the friends alleged him to be. Vulgate translates it, "my disputation."

if it were—rather, "since this is the case."21:1-6 Job comes closer to the question in dispute. This was, Whether outward prosperity is a mark of the true church, and the true members of it, so that ruin of a man's prosperity proves him a hypocrite? This they asserted, but Job denied. If they looked upon him, they might see misery enough to demand compassion, and their bold interpretations of this mysterious providence should be turned into silent wonder.
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