Isaiah 45:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For the sake of Jacob my servant, of Israel my chosen, I summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor, though you do not acknowledge me.

New Living Translation
"And why have I called you for this work? Why did I call you by name when you did not know me? It is for the sake of Jacob my servant, Israel my chosen one.

English Standard Version
For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my chosen, I call you by your name, I name you, though you do not know me.

New American Standard Bible
"For the sake of Jacob My servant, And Israel My chosen one, I have also called you by your name; I have given you a title of honor Though you have not known Me.

King James Bible
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I call you by your name, because of Jacob My servant and Israel My chosen one. I give a name to you, though you do not know Me.

International Standard Version
For the sake of Jacob my servant, Israel my chosen, I've called you, and he has established you with a name, although you have not acknowledged me.

NET Bible
For the sake of my servant Jacob, Israel, my chosen one, I call you by name and give you a title of respect, even though you do not recognize me.

New Heart English Bible
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called you by your name. I have surnamed you, though you have not known me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
For the sake of my servant Jacob, Israel, my chosen one, I have called you by name. I have given you a title of honor, although you don't know me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the sake of Jacob My servant, And Israel Mine elect, I have called thee by thy name, I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known Me.

New American Standard 1977
“For the sake of Jacob My servant,
            And Israel My chosen one,
            I have also called you by your name;
            I have given you a title of honor
            Though you have not known Me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For Jacob my slave's sake and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

King James 2000 Bible
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called you by your name: I have named you, though you have not known me.

American King James Version
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called you by your name: I have surnamed you, though you have not known me.

American Standard Version
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have made a likeness of thee, and thou hast not known me.

Darby Bible Translation
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have called thee by thy name; I surnamed thee, though thou didst not know me;

English Revised Version
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.

Webster's Bible Translation
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me:

World English Bible
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my chosen, I have called you by your name. I have surnamed you, though you have not known me.

Young's Literal Translation
For the sake of my servant Jacob, And of Israel My chosen, I call also thee by thy name, I surname thee, And thou hast not known Me.
Study Bible
God Calls Cyrus
3"I will give you the treasures of darkness And hidden wealth of secret places, So that you may know that it is I, The LORD, the God of Israel, who calls you by your name. 4"For the sake of Jacob My servant, And Israel My chosen one, I have also called you by your name; I have given you a title of honor Though you have not known Me. 5"I am the LORD, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God. I will gird you, though you have not known Me;…
Cross References
Acts 17:23
For as I walked around and examined your objects of worship, I even found an altar with the inscription: To an unknown God. Therefore what you worship as something unknown, I now proclaim to you.

Psalm 136:22
Even a heritage to Israel His servant, For His lovingkindness is everlasting.

Isaiah 41:8
"But you, Israel, My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, Descendant of Abraham My friend,

Isaiah 41:9
You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, And called from its remotest parts And said to you, 'You are My servant, I have chosen you and not rejected you.

Isaiah 43:1
But now, thus says the LORD, your Creator, O Jacob, And He who formed you, O Israel, "Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name; you are Mine!

Isaiah 44:1
"But now listen, O Jacob, My servant, And Israel, whom I have chosen:
Treasury of Scripture

For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel my elect, I have even called you by your name: I have surnamed you, though you have not known me.

Jacob

Isaiah 41:8,9 But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed …

Isaiah 43:3,4,14 For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior: …

Isaiah 44:1 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen:

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, …

Jeremiah 50:17-20 Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have driven him away: first …

Matthew 24:22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh …

Matthew 24:22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh …

Mark 13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should …

Romans 9:6 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are …

Romans 11:7 What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the …

I Have even

Isaiah 45:1 Thus said the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I …

Isaiah 44:28 That said of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: …

though

Acts 17:23 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with …

Galatians 4:8,9 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which …

Ephesians 2:12 That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the …

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

(4) For Jacob my servant . . .--The words "servant" and "elect" show that the prophet speaks of the ideal Israel, the true Ecclesia, rather than of the nation as such outwardly, though this also, as including the other, shared in the outward blessings of the election. Essentially, the words declare that the world's history is ordered with a view to the true Eeclesia.

Called thee by thy name.--Either as predicting the actual name of Koresh, or as giving the titles of "Messiah" and "shepherd." The surname clearly refers to these.

Though thou hast not known me.--Better, when thou didst not know me, either as referring to a time prior to the recognition by Cyrus of Jehovah as the God of heaven (Ezra 1:1-2), or, possibly, prior to his birth (comp. Isaiah 49:1; Jeremiah 1:5).

Verse 4. - For Jacob my servant's sake. This second motive is, in a certain sense, the main one. Cyrus is raised up, especially, to perform God's pleasure with respect to Judah and Jerusalem (Isaiah 44:26-28). Jacob, his Church, is more important in God's eyes than any individual. No doubt his Church is maintained, in part, that it may be "a light to lighten the Gentiles;" but it is not maintained solely: or even mainly, for this end. Its welfare is an end in itself, and would be sought by God apart from any further consequence. Israel mine elect (comp. Isaiah 41:8; Isaiah 44:1). I have surnamed thee; i.e. "given thee designations of honour," e.g. "my anointed" (ver. 1); "my shepherd" (Isaiah 44:28); "he who shall do all my pleasure" (Isaiah 44:28). Though thou hast not known me; rather, though thou didst not know me. Cyrus's honours, his titles, his mention by name, etc., were accumulated upon him before his birth, when he knew nothing of God, when, therefore, he had in no way merited them. Thus all was done, not for his sake, but lot the sake of Israel. For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name,.... Not so much for the sake of Cyrus, and to do honour to him, was it that he so long before he was born called him by his name; but to assure the people of the Jews, the Lord's chosen people, and who were his servants, of the certainty of their deliverance, their deliverer being mentioned by name; and it was for their sakes, and not his, that he called him, and raised him up to do such great things as he did, that he might deliver them from their captivity: and it is for the sake of God's elect, whom he has chosen to holiness and happiness, to serve him, and be with him for ever, that he has called Christ, of whom Cyrus was a type, and sent him into the world, to be the Saviour and Redeemer of them:

I have surnamed thee; not only called him by his name, Cyrus, but surnamed him his "shepherd", and "his anointed", Isaiah 44:28,

though thou hast not known me; as yet not being born; and when he was, and was grown up, he was ignorant of the true God; and though, upon sight of the above prophecy, and under an immediate influence and impression, he acknowledged the God of Israel to be the God of heaven yet it does not appear that he left the Pagan idolatry; for Xenophon (k) relates, that when he found his end was near, he took sacrifices, and offered them to Jupiter, and the sun, and the rest of the gods; and gave them thanks for the care they had taken of him; and prayed them to grant happiness to his wife, children, friends, and country.

(k) Cyropaedia, l. 8. c. 45. 4. (See on [799]Isa 41:8; [800]Isa 43:14).

surnamed—that is, designated to carry out My design of restoring Judah (see on [801]Isa 44:5; [802]Isa 44:28; [803]Isa 45:1). Maurer here, as in Isa 44:5, translates, "I have addressed thee by an honorable name."

hast not known me—previous to My calling thee to this office; after God's call, Cyrus did know Him in some degree (Ezr 1:1-3).45:1-4 Cyrus is called God's anointed; he was designed and qualified for his great service by the counsel of God. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyrus marched his army into the empty channel. The Lord went before him, giving entrance to the cities he besieged. He gave him also treasures, which had been hidden in secret places. The true God was to Cyrus an unknown God; yet God foreknew him; he called him by his name. The exact fulfilment of this must have shown Cyrus that Jehovah was the only true God, and that it was for the sake of Israel that he was prospered. In all the changes of states and kingdoms, God works out the good of his church.
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