2 Kings 3:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now Mesha king of Moab raised sheep, and he had to pay the king of Israel a tribute of a hundred thousand lambs and the wool of a hundred thousand rams.

New Living Translation
King Mesha of Moab was a sheep breeder. He used to pay the king of Israel an annual tribute of 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.

English Standard Version
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and he had to deliver to the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.

New American Standard Bible
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.

King James Bible
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
King Mesha of Moab was a sheep breeder. He used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams,

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, Moab's king Mesha was a sheep breeder. He used to pay 100,000 lambs and the wool from 100,000 rams to the king of Israel as tribute.

NET Bible
Now King Mesha of Moab was a sheep breeder. He would send as tribute to the king of Israel 100,000 male lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.

New Heart English Bible
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder; and he rendered to the king of Israel the wool of one hundred thousand lambs, and of one hundred thousand rams.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Mesha of Moab raised sheep. [Each year] he had to pay the king of Israel 100,000 male lambs and the wool from 100,000 rams.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master; and he rendered unto the king of Israel the wool of a hundred thousand lambs, and of a hundred thousand rams.

New American Standard 1977
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Mesha, king of Moab, was a pastor and rendered unto the king of Israel one hundred thousand lambs and one hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

King James 2000 Bible
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and rendered unto the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

American King James Version
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep master, and rendered to the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

American Standard Version
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master; and he rendered unto the king of Israel the wool of a hundred thousand lambs, and of a hundred thousand rams.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now Mesa, king of Moab, nourished many sheep, and he paid to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams with their fleeces.

Darby Bible Translation
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

English Revised Version
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster; and he rendered unto the king of Israel the wool of an hundred thousand lambs, and of an hundred thousand rams.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master, and rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

World English Bible
Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder; and he rendered to the king of Israel the wool of one hundred thousand lambs, and of one hundred thousand rams.

Young's Literal Translation
And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master, and he rendered to the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with wool,
Study Bible
Jehoram Overcomes Moab's Revolt
3Nevertheless, he clung to the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel sin; he did not depart from them. 4Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams. 5But when Ahab died, the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 8:2
He defeated Moab, and measured them with the line, making them lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute.

Isaiah 16:1
Send the tribute lamb to the ruler of the land, From Sela by way of the wilderness to the mountain of the daughter of Zion.

Isaiah 16:2
Then, like fleeing birds or scattered nestlings, The daughters of Moab will be at the fords of the Arnon.
Treasury of Scripture

And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep master, and rendered to the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool.

a sheepmaster

Genesis 13:2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.

Genesis 26:13,14 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became …

2 Chronicles 26:10 Also he built towers in the desert, and dig many wells: for he had …

Job 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, …

Job 42:12 So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: …

rendered

2 Samuel 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down …

1 Chronicles 18:2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.

Psalm 60:8 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, …

Psalm 108:9,10 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia …

lambs

Isaiah 16:1 Send you the lamb to the ruler of the land from Sela to the wilderness, …

(4) The revolt of Moab, continued from 2Kings 1:1. Ahaziah did not reign two full years, and his accident seems to have prevented any attempt on his part to reduce the Moabites.

Mesha.--The name means "deliverance, salvation," and occurs on the monument set up by this king, describing his victories and buildings. (See Note on 2Kings 1:1.)

A sheep-master.--Heb., nq?d (Amos 1:1). In Arabic, naqad means a kind of sheep of superior wool; naqqd, the owner or shepherd of such sheep. The land of Moab is mountainous, but well watered, and rich in fertile valleys, and thus specially suited for pasture; and the Arabian wilderness lay open to the Moabite shepherds and their flocks.

Rendered.--Used to render (waw conversive of the perfect); scil., year by year. This tribute is referred to in Isaiah 16:1.

With the wool.--Rather, in wool (an accusative of limitation). The word rendered "lambs" (k?rm) means lambs fatted for food. The expression "in wool," therefore, relates only to the rams. Mesha's annual tribute was paid in kind, and consisted of a hundred thousand fatted lambs and the fleeces of a hundred thousand rams. This was a heavy burden for a country no larger than the county of Huntingdon. (Comp. Mesha's own allusions to the "oppression" of Moab by Omri and Ahab, 2Kings 1:1, Note.) The LXX. adds, ?? ?? ??????????? ("in the revolt"); implying that the present rebellion was distinct from that of 2Kings 1:1, and that this tribute was imposed as an indemnity for the former revolt. The addition is probably due to a transcriber.

Verses 4-27. - THE WAR WITH MOAB. The historian goes back to the origin of the war. He had already, in 2 Kings 1:1, mentioned the revolt of Moab at the death of Ahab; but he now recalls his readers' attention to the fact, and to some extent explains it and accounts for it. Moab had been treated oppressively - had been forced to pay an extraordinarily heavy tribute - and was in a certain sense driven into rebellion (vers. 4, 5). Jehoram, when he came to the kingdom, determined to make a great effort to put the rebellion down, and to re-establish the authority of Israel over the revolted people His relations with Jehoshaphat of Israel were so close that he had no difficulty in persuading him to join in the war. He was also able to obtain the alliance of the King of Edom. Thus strengthened, he made no doubt of being successful, and confidently invaded the country (vers. 6-9). The course of the war is then related (vers. 10-27). And Mesha king of Moab was a sheep master,.... With which his country abounded; he kept great numbers of them, and shepherds to take care of them; he traded in them, and got great riches by them; his substance chiefly consisted in them:

and rendered unto the king of Israel: either as a present, or as an annual tribute:

an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool; that is, upon them, unshorn, and so the more valuable; and it was usual for tributary nations to pay their tribute to those to whom they were subject in such commodities which they most abounded with; so the Cappadocians, as Strabo (c) relates, used to pay, as a tribute to the Persians, every year, 1500 horses and 2000 mules, and five myriads of sheep, or 50,000; and formerly, Pliny (d) says, the only tribute was from the pastures.

(c) Geograph. l. 11. p. 362. (d) Nat. Hist. l. 18. c. 3.2Ki 3:4, 5. Mesha, King of Moab, Rebels.

4-6. Mesha king of Moab, etc.—As his dominions embraced an extensive pasture country, he paid, as annual tribute, the wool of a hundred thousand lambs and a hundred thousand rams. It is still common in the East to pay custom and taxes in the fruits or natural produce of the land.3:1-5 Jehoram took warning by God's judgment, and put away the image of Baal, yet he maintained the worship of the calves. Those do not truly repent or reform, who only part with the sins they lose by, but continue to love the sins that they think to gain by.
Jump to Previous
Annually Deliver Hundred Israel Lambs Mesha Moab Pay Raised Rams Regularly Rendered Sheep Supply Thousand Used Wool
Jump to Next
Annually Deliver Hundred Israel Lambs Mesha Moab Pay Raised Rams Regularly Rendered Sheep Supply Thousand Used Wool
Links
2 Kings 3:4 NIV
2 Kings 3:4 NLT
2 Kings 3:4 ESV
2 Kings 3:4 NASB
2 Kings 3:4 KJV

2 Kings 3:4 Biblia Paralela
2 Kings 3:4 Chinese Bible
2 Kings 3:4 French Bible
2 Kings 3:4 German Bible

Alphabetical: a and breeder had he hundred Israel king lambs Mesha Moab Now of pay raised rams sheep supply the thousand to used was with wool

OT History: 2 Kings 3:4 Now Mesha king of Moab was (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Kings 3:3
Top of Page
Top of Page