Oven
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Oven

The eastern oven is of two kinds --fixed and portable. The former is found only in towns, where regular bakers are employed. (Hosea 7:4) The latter ia adapted to the nomad state, it consists of a large jar made of clay, about three feet high and widening toward the bottom, with a hole for the extraction of the ashes. Each household possessed such an article, (Exodus 8:3) and it was only in times of extreme dearth that the same oven sufficed for several families. (Leviticus 26:26) It was heated with dry twigs and grass, (Matthew 6:30) and the loaves were placed both inside and outside of it.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Oven

See BREAD.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Hebrews tannur, (Hosea 7:4). In towns there appear to have been public ovens. There was a street in Jerusalem (Jeremiah 37:21) called "bakers' street" (the only case in which the name of a street in Jerusalem is preserved). The words "tower of the furnaces" (Nehemiah 3:11; 12:38) is more properly "tower of the ovens" (Hebrews tannurim). These resemble the ovens in use among ourselves.

There were other private ovens of different kinds. Some were like large jars made of earthenware or copper, which were heated inside with wood (1 Kings 17:12; Isaiah 44:15; Jeremiah 7:18) or grass (Matthew 6:30), and when the fire had burned out, small pieces of dough were placed inside or spread in thin layers on the outside, and were thus baked. (see FURNACE.)

Pits were also formed for the same purposes, and lined with cement. These were used after the same manner.

Heated stones, or sand heated by a fire heaped over it, and also flat irons pans, all served as ovens for the preparation of bread. (See Genesis 18:6; 1 Kings 19:6.)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) A place arched over with brick or stonework, and used for baking, heating, or drying; hence, any structure, whether fixed or portable, which may be heated for baking, drying, etc.; esp., now, a chamber in a stove, used for baking or roasting.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
OVEN

uv'-'-n.

See BREAD; FURNACE.

Greek
2823. klibanos -- an oven
... an oven. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: klibanos Phonetic Spelling:
(klib'-an-os) Short Definition: an oven, furnace Definition: an oven ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2823.htm - 6k

2575. kaminos -- furnace
... furnace. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: kaminos Phonetic Spelling:
(kam'-ee-nos) Short Definition: a furnace Definition: a furnace, oven, kiln. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2575.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
8574. tannur -- (portable) stove, firepot
... 8573, 8574. tannur. 8575 . (portable) stove, firepot. Transliteration: tannur
Phonetic Spelling: (tan-noor') Short Definition: oven. ... furnace, oven. ...
/hebrew/8574.htm - 6k
Library

The Room was Like and Oven
... Chapter 10. Retirement in Paddington; Wesley Slandered; Premonitions;
A Dream The Room Was Like and Oven. Sunday, 8."We were at ...
/.../wesley/the journal of john wesley/the room was like and.htm

On Gen. vii. 6
... dried. And Noah there and then bade his wife, and his sons' wives, diligently
attend to kneading dough and laying it in the oven. ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/section iv on gen vii.htm

The Sermon on the Mount.
... classes together under the name lily.] 30 But if God doth so clothe the grass of
the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xlii the sermon on the 6.htm

Give us this Day Our Daily Bread.
... Therefore you must open wide and extend your thoughts not only to the oven or the
flour-bin but to the distant field and the entire land, which bears and ...
//christianbookshelf.org/luther/the large catechism/give us this day our.htm

Expatriation
... The light came from a small annealing oven. ... On the opposite side of the room was
a younger man, painting an image, preparatory to burning it in the oven. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the yoke/chapter xlii expatriation.htm

Matt. vi. 28, 29
... circumstance of vileness, saying, "which to-day is." And He said not, "and to-morrow
is not," but what is much baser yet, "is cast into the oven." And He said ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on the gospel of saint matthew/homily xxii matt vi 28.htm

The Leaven.
... Through these the heat in the oven obtains equal access to every portion of the
dough; and thus, though the loaf is of considerable thickness, it is not left ...
//christianbookshelf.org/arnot/the parables of our lord/iv the leaven.htm

Psalm CII.
... "And my bones are scorched up as it were in an oven." Both my bones, and
my strength, not without tribulation, not without burning. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm cii.htm

The Arabic Gospel of the Infancy of the Saviour (Nt Apocrypha)
... sprung up hatred between them; and as they did the house-work week about, and as
it was the turn of Mary the mother of Cleopas, she heated the oven to bake ...
/.../the arabic gospel of the infancy of the saviour/the arabic gospel of the.htm

Sanctification
... For this we may take the following illustration: if we bake in one oven three loaves
of barley-bread, of rye-bread, and of wheat, we shall find the same heat ...
//christianbookshelf.org/eckhart/meister eckharts sermons/vi sanctification.htm

Thesaurus
Oven (22 Occurrences)
... roasting. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. OVEN. uv'-'-n. See BREAD; FURNACE.
Multi-Version Concordance Oven (22 Occurrences). Matthew ...
/o/oven.htm - 15k

Oven-fire (2 Occurrences)
Oven-fire. Oven, Oven-fire. Ovens . Multi-Version Concordance
Oven-fire (2 Occurrences). Proverbs 17:3 The heating-pot ...
/o/oven-fire.htm - 6k

Bread (433 Occurrences)
... BREAD-MAKING 1. Grinding 2. Kneading 3. Baking (1) Hot Stones (2) Baking Pans 4.
Ovens (1) The Bowl-Oven (2) The Jar-Oven (3) The Pit-Oven 5. Forms of Baked ...
/b/bread.htm - 58k

Furnace (35 Occurrences)
... (4.) Hebrews alil, a crucible; only used in Psalm 12:6. (5.) Hebrews tannur, oven
for baking bread (Genesis 15:17; Isaiah 31:9; Nehemiah 3:11). ... (see OVEN.). ...
/f/furnace.htm - 22k

Cooked (35 Occurrences)
... Exodus 12:8 And let your food that night be the flesh of the lamb, cooked with fire
in the oven, together with unleavened bread and bitter-tasting plants. ...
/c/cooked.htm - 17k

Roast (8 Occurrences)
... 1. (vt) To cook by exposure to radiant heat before a fire; as, to roast meat on
a spit, or in an oven open toward the fire and having reflecting surfaces within ...
/r/roast.htm - 10k

Baked (26 Occurrences)
... Leviticus 2:4 "'When you offer an offering of a meal offering baked in the oven,
it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened ...
/b/baked.htm - 14k

Bake (13 Occurrences)
... Hence we read of "cakes baken on the coals" (1 Kings 19:6), and "baken in the
oven" (Leviticus 2:4). (see BREAD.). Noah Webster's Dictionary. ...
/b/bake.htm - 12k

Baker (11 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A portable oven in which baking is done. Multi-Version Concordance ... Hosea
7:6 For they have made ready their heart like an oven, while they lie in wait. ...
/b/baker.htm - 9k

Cooking (14 Occurrences)
... Leviticus 7:9 And every meal offering which is cooked in the oven and everything
made in a cooking pot or on a flat plate, is for the priest by whom it is ...
/c/cooking.htm - 10k

Concordance
Oven (22 Occurrences)

Matthew 6:30
But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, won't he much more clothe you, you of little faith?
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)

Luke 12:28
But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O you of little faith?
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Revelation 9:2
And he made the great deep open and a smoke went up from it, like the smoke of a great oven; and the sun and the air were made dark because of the smoke.
(BBE)

Genesis 15:17
And it cometh to pass -- the sun hath gone in, and thick darkness hath been -- and lo, a furnace of smoke, and a lamp of fire, which hath passed over between those pieces.
(See NAS)

Genesis 19:28
And looking in the direction of Sodom and Gomorrah and the lowland, he saw the smoke of the land going up like the smoke of an oven.
(BBE)

Exodus 12:8
And let your food that night be the flesh of the lamb, cooked with fire in the oven, together with unleavened bread and bitter-tasting plants.
(BBE)

Exodus 12:9
Do not take it uncooked or cooked with boiling water, but let it be cooked in the oven; its head with its legs and its inside parts.
(BBE)

Leviticus 2:4
"'When you offer an offering of a meal offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 7:9
Every meal offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the pan, and on the griddle, shall be the priest's who offers it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 11:35
Everything whereupon part of their carcass falls shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces: they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Leviticus 26:26
When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver your bread again by weight: and you shall eat, and not be satisfied.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 21:9
Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
(KJV BBE WBS NAS RSV)

Isaiah 44:15
Then it will be used to make a fire, so that a man may get warm; he has the oven heated with it and makes bread: he makes a god with it, to which he gives worship: he makes a pictured image out of it, and goes down on his face before it.
(BBE)

Jeremiah 11:4
To the order which I gave your fathers on the day when I took them out of the land of Egypt, out of the oven of iron, saying, Give ear to my voice, and do all the orders I have given you: so you will be my people, and I will be your God:
(BBE)

Lamentations 5:10
Our skin is black like an oven, Because of the burning heat of famine.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 22:20
As they put silver and brass and iron and lead and tin together inside the oven, heating up the fire on it to make it soft; so will I get you together in my wrath and in my passion, and, heating the fire with my breath, will make you soft.
(BBE)

Ezekiel 22:22
As silver becomes soft in the oven, so you will become soft in it; and you will be certain that I the Lord have let loose my passion on you.
(BBE)

Ezekiel 46:20
And he said to me, This is the place where the offering for error and the sin-offering are to be cooked in water by the priests, and where the meal offering is to be cooked in the oven; so that they may not be taken out into the outer square to make the people holy.
(BBE)

Hosea 7:4
They are all adulterers. They are burning like an oven that the baker stops stirring, from the kneading of the dough, until it is leavened.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Hosea 7:6
For they have made ready their heart like an oven, while they lie in wait. Their baker sleeps all the night. In the morning it burns as a flaming fire.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Hosea 7:7
They are all hot as an oven, and devour their judges. All their kings have fallen. There is no one among them who calls to me.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Malachi 4:1
For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.
(KJV BBE WBS RSV)

Subtopics

Oven

Oven for Baking

Oven: Figurative

Related Terms

Oven-fire (2 Occurrences)

Bread (433 Occurrences)

Furnace (35 Occurrences)

Cooked (35 Occurrences)

Roast (8 Occurrences)

Baked (26 Occurrences)

Bake (13 Occurrences)

Baker (11 Occurrences)

Cooking (14 Occurrences)

Glaze (1 Occurrence)

Flour (69 Occurrences)

To-day (208 Occurrences)

Tomorrow (57 Occurrences)

To-morrow (52 Occurrences)

Exists (18 Occurrences)

Morrow (113 Occurrences)

Baken (7 Occurrences)

Clothe (52 Occurrences)

Cake (25 Occurrences)

Alive (166 Occurrences)

Meal-offering (120 Occurrences)

Cereal (124 Occurrences)

Pot (46 Occurrences)

Rather (176 Occurrences)

Meat-offering (111 Occurrences)

Thrown (126 Occurrences)

Clothing (288 Occurrences)

Clothes (208 Occurrences)

Measured (91 Occurrences)

Flaming (40 Occurrences)

Oblation (208 Occurrences)

Field (390 Occurrences)

Soft (36 Occurrences)

O (1414 Occurrences)

Gives (542 Occurrences)

Grass (92 Occurrences)

Passion (82 Occurrences)

Heated (12 Occurrences)

Heating-pot (2 Occurrences)

Herbage (10 Occurrences)

Vegetation (18 Occurrences)

Kneaded (3 Occurrences)

Kiln (5 Occurrences)

Kneading (7 Occurrences)

Uncooked (2 Occurrences)

Outwitted (2 Occurrences)

Offers (35 Occurrences)

Ovens (3 Occurrences)

Offereth (28 Occurrences)

Offerest (2 Occurrences)

Lowland (34 Occurrences)

Leavened (16 Occurrences)

Leavening (1 Occurrence)

Girdel (3 Occurrences)

Gloom (29 Occurrences)

Griddle (5 Occurrences)

Galley (1 Occurrence)

Gloweth (1 Occurrence)

Whereupon (30 Occurrences)

Wherefore (448 Occurrences)

Wafers (6 Occurrences)

Whiles (8 Occurrences)

Won't (144 Occurrences)

Intrigue (3 Occurrences)

Flourishes (6 Occurrences)

Frying (2 Occurrences)

Fields (199 Occurrences)

Feeble (147 Occurrences)

Fashions (10 Occurrences)

Frying-pan (3 Occurrences)

Feverish (2 Occurrences)

Tester (5 Occurrences)

Trachonitis (1 Occurrence)

Ranges (5 Occurrences)

Rationed (2 Occurrences)

Evildoer (9 Occurrences)

Dole (2 Occurrences)

Dough (15 Occurrences)

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