Bedchamber
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
An apartment in Eastern houses, furnished with a slightly elevated platform at the upper end and sometimes along the sides, on which were laid mattresses. This was the general arrangement of the public sleeping-room for the males of the family and for guests, but there were usually besides distinct bed-chambers of a more private character (2 Kings 4:10; Exodus 8:3; 2 Kings 6:12). In 2 Kings 11:2 this word denotes, as in the margin of the Revised Version, a store-room in which mattresses were kept.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) A chamber for a bed; an apartment form sleeping in.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BED; BEDCHAMBER; BEDSTEAD

For the very poor of the East, in ancient times as now, the "bed" was and is, as a rule, the bare ground; and the bedclothes, the gown, simlah, or "outer garment," worn during the day ("For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep?" (Exodus 22:27); compare Deuteronomy 24:13, "Thou shalt surely restore to him the pledge when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his garment").

When one was on a journey, or watching his flock by night as a shepherd, such a "bed" was the most natural, and often a stone would serve as a pillow. (See Genesis 28:11, where Jacob "took one of the stones of the place, and put it under his head, and lay down in that place to sleep.")

An advance on this custom, which came in due course of time, or under change of circumstances, was the use of a mat on the floor as a bed, with or without covering. At first it was literally laid on the floor, which was generally of one common level, in some convenient place near the wall; but later it was put on an elevation, either a raised part of the floor on one side, or a bedstead, which gave rise to the expression "going up to the bed" (compare Genesis 49:33 English Versions of the Bible, "He gathered up his feet into the bed," and Psalm 132:3, "go up into my bed").

1. Old Testament Terms for Bed, and Sleeping Customs of the Hebrews:

With a later development and civilization, "beds" came to be built upon supports and constructed in different forms, which fact is reflected in the variety of names given the "bed" in the Hebrew and related languages.

(1) The following Hebrew words are used in the Bible for "bed," and, though it is impossible at this remove of time and place and custom to differentiate them sharply, they will repay study: miTTah (Genesis 48:2, "And Israel strengthened himself and sat upon the bed"; Exodus 8:3, "frogs. shall come into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed"); mishkabh, compare (Genesis 49:4, Jacob to Reuben: "Because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou it"); `eres (Proverbs 7:16, the "strange woman" says: "I have spread my couch with carpets of tapestry"; compare Psalm 41:3, "Thou makest all his bed in his sickness"); matstsa` (once only, Isaiah 28:20, "For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it; and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it"); and yetsua` (Job 17:13, "I have spread my couch in the darkness"; 1 Chronicles 5:1, "He defiled his father's couch"; compare Genesis 49:4 where the same "father's bed" is mishkabh; Psalm 63:6, "when I remember thee upon my bed"; Psalm 132:3, "nor go up into my bed").

(2) It is a far cry from the simple sleeping customs of Deuteronomy 24:13 to the luxurious arts and customs of the post-exilic days, when beds of fine wood and ivory are found in use among the Hebrews, as well as pillows of the most costly materials elaborately embroidered (see Judith 10:21; Esther 1:6; compare Songs 3:10); but it all came about as a natural, as well as artificial development, with changed conditions and contacts and increasing civilization and luxury. As marking the several stages of that development, we find pictures of the poor, first sleeping upon the ground without mat or mattress, then in a single sleeping-room for the whole family, often without a separate bed, then with "beds" that were simply wadded quilts, or thin mattresses, and mats for keeping them off the ground; then with still better "beds" laid upon light portable, wooden frames, or upon more elevated bedsteads (compare Psalm 132:3 and Mark 4:21 the Revised Version (British and American) "under the bed"). The degree of richness depended, of course, upon time and place, in a measure, but more upon the wealth and station of the family and the style of the house or tent in which they lived, as it does even with the Bedouin of today. The prophet Amos gives a vivid and significant picture of the luxury of certain children of Israel, "that sit in Samaria in the corner of a couch, and on the silken cushions of a bed" (Amos 3:12); and of certain children of luxury "that lie upon beds of ivory, and stretch themselves upon their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock. that drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief oils; but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph" (Amos 6:4-6; compare Revelation 18:10-13).

(3) We find that the poor, while sleeping for the most part in their ordinary clothing, often, in cold weather, made their beds of the skins of animals, old cloaks, or rugs, as they do still in the East. The "beds" and "bedding" now in ordinary use among Orientals are much the same, we may be sure, as they were in olden times. "Bedsteads" of any pretention were and are rare among the common people; but the richness of "beds" and "bedsteads" among Asiatics of wealth and rank was quite equal to that of the Greeks and Romans (compare Proverbs 7:16, 17, "I have spread my couch with carpets of tapestry, with striped cloths of the yarn of Egypt. I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon"); Songs 1:16, 17: "The beams of our house are cedars, and our rafters are firs. also our couch is green." Compare the "palanquin" of Solomon, "of the wood of Lebanon," "the pillars thereof of silver," "the bottom of gold," and "the seat of purple" (Songs 3:9, 10).

(4) As soon as any family could afford it, a special bedroom would be set apart, and the whole family would sleep in it (see Luke 11:5-8, "My children are with me in bed"). When the house had two stories the upper story was used for sleeping, or, during very hot weather, preferably the roof, or the room on the roof. See HOUSE. When morning came the "bed," a wadded quilt or mattress, used with or without covering according to the season, was rolled up, aired and sunned, and then put aside on the raised platform, or packed away in a chest or closet.

The words mishkabh and miTTah came to have a figurative meaning signifying the final resting-place; and `eres used of the "bedstead" of the King of Og (Deuteronomy 3:11) is thought by some to mean his sarcophagus (Benzinger, Hebrew Arch., 123; Nowack, I, 143). Genesis 47:31, "And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head" is not rightly rendered (see STAFF, and Crit. Commentary in the place cited.).

2. New Testament Terms for Bed, Their Meaning, etc.:

(1) We find several Greek words, kline, krabbatos, and koitte, used in the New Testament somewhat indiscriminately and rendered English Versions of the Bible by "bed," "couch," etc.; but, as with the Hebrew words noted, there is little to indicate just exactly what they severally stand for, or how they are related to the Hebrew terms rendered "bed" or "couch" in the Old Testament. Of one thing we can be sure, reasoning from what we know of "the unchanging East," the "beds" and sleeping customs of the Hebrews in Christ's time were in the main about what they were in later Old Testament times.

(2) An interesting case for study is that of the man "sick of the palsy" whom they brought to Jesus "lying on a bed," and who when healed "took up the bed, and went forth before them all" (Matthew 9:2, 6 Mark 2:4, 12 Luke 5:18, 19; compare John 5:8-12). Here the "bed" on which the sick of the palsy lay was let down from the housetop "through the tiles with his couch into the midst before Jesus" (Luke 5:18, 19); and when the man was healed Jesus commanded him, as Luke says, to "take up (his) couch and go unto (his) house," and he "took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his house, glorifying God" (Luke 5:24, 25). It seems, therefore, that this "bed" was a "pallet" and "couch" combined, a thin mattress upon a light portable frame, such as we have already seen was in use among the ancients. Another kindred case was that of the sick man at the pool of Bethesda (John 5:2) whom Jesus healed and commanded to "take up his bed and walk," and he "took up his bed and walked"; only in this case the "bed" is a "pallet" without the frame, it would seem.

(3) Jesus in His teaching (Mark 4:21; compare Luke 8:16) asks, in language which is significant in this connection: "Is the lamp brought to be put under. the bed?" (Luke 8:16: "No man, when he hath lighted a lamp, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed"). Here, clearly, "the bed" is the "bedstead," bedclothes, draperies and all, under which "the lamp" would be obscured and hindered in its function of "giving light to all in the room." Again (Luke 17:34) Jesus says, "In that night there shall be two men on one bed," which is incidental evidence that the "beds" of that day were not all "pallets" or "couches" for one only (compare Luke 11:7, "My children are with me in bed"; Songs 1:16; Songs 3:10 Proverbs 7:16, 18).

(4) For figurative use in the prophets (e.g. Ezekiel 23:17) and in the New Testament (e.g. "Let the bed be undefiled," Hebrews 13:4), see commentaries in the place cited

George B. Eager

BEDCHAMBER

bed'-cham-ber.

See BED.

Greek
2846. koiton -- a bedchamber
... a bedchamber. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: koiton Phonetic Spelling:
(koy-tone') Short Definition: a bed-chamber Definition: a bed-chamber. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2846.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
4904. mishkab -- place of lying, a couch, act of lying
... 1), rest (1), resting place (1), sleeping (1). bedchamber, couch, lying
with. From shakab; a bed (figuratively, a bier); abstractly ...
/hebrew/4904.htm - 6k

4296. mittah -- a couch, bed
... Word Origin from natah Definition a couch, bed NASB Word Usage bed (21), bedroom*
(2), beds (1), bier (1), couch (3), couches (1). bedchamber, bier. ...
/hebrew/4296.htm - 6k

4093. madda -- knowledge, thought
... knowledge. Word Origin from yada Definition knowledge, thought NASB Word Usage
bedchamber (1), knowledge (5). knowledge, science, thought. ...
/hebrew/4093.htm - 6k

Library

The Annunciation
... The two girls went to their separate room, and Mary, too, went into her bedchamber. ...
The entrance to the bedchamber was beside the kitchen. ...
/.../emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/viii the annunciation.htm

He Never Saw Constans Alone.
... mad, Sire, nor have I forgotten that divine utterance which says, Curse not the
king, no, not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a ...
/.../athanasius/select works and letters or athanasius/3 he never saw constans.htm

From the Third Chapter.
... are rich men placed in positions of dignity, but believing that they are rich, among
whom indeed the Scriptures are discussed in their bedchamber, while the ...
/.../commentary on the apocolypse of the blessed john/from the third chapter.htm

David's Dying Song
... It is always blessed to hear the words of departing saints. How many choice thoughts
have we gained in the bedchamber of the righteous, beloved? ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/davids dying song.htm

The Expedition against Elisha
... of his servants said, Nay, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel,
telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber ...
/.../select masterpieces of biblical literature/v the expedition against elisha.htm

Elisha's Closing Ministry
... his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel,
telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 21 elishas closing ministry.htm

In Pilate's Judgment Hall
... eyes. The Roman governor had been called from his bedchamber in haste,
and he determined to do his work as quickly as possible. ...
/.../white/the desire of ages/chapter 77 in pilates judgment.htm

Jehoiada and Joash
... Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons which were slain;
and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/jehoiada and joash.htm

Sight and Blindness
... servants said, None, my Lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel,
telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.13. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/sight and blindness.htm

Take, Again, the Preface to the Song of Songs:
... so grandly and so freely that it seems to me as if the words were fulfilled in him
which say, [2964] "The king has brought me into his bedchamber." It would ...
/.../14 take again the preface.htm

Thesaurus
Bedchamber (6 Occurrences)
... (n.) A chamber for a bed; an apartment form sleeping in. Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia. BED; BEDCHAMBER; BEDSTEAD. ...BEDCHAMBER. bed'-cham-ber. See BED. ...
/b/bedchamber.htm - 20k

Bed-chamber (6 Occurrences)
Bed-chamber. Bedchamber, Bed-chamber. Bed-chambers . Easton's Bible
Dictionary An apartment in Eastern houses, furnished with a ...
/b/bed-chamber.htm - 9k

Bedstead (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary. (n.) A framework for supporting a bed. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. BED; BEDCHAMBER; BEDSTEAD. For ...
/b/bedstead.htm - 18k

Murdered (25 Occurrences)
... took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who
were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they ...
/m/murdered.htm - 14k

Jo'ash (44 Occurrences)
... took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who
were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they ...
/j/jo'ash.htm - 19k

Nurse (23 Occurrences)
... took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who
were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they ...
/n/nurse.htm - 17k

Athaliah (17 Occurrences)
... took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who
were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they ...
/a/athaliah.htm - 19k

Bed (142 Occurrences)
... or recumbent position. 22. (vi) To go to bed; to cohabit. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. BED; BEDCHAMBER; BEDSTEAD. For the very ...
/b/bed.htm - 52k

Ahaziah (34 Occurrences)
... took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who
were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they ...
/a/ahaziah.htm - 28k

Kneadingtroughs (2 Occurrences)
... Exodus 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and
come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into ...
/k/kneadingtroughs.htm - 7k

Concordance
Bedchamber (6 Occurrences)

Exodus 8:3
and the river shall swarm with frogs, which shall go up and come into your house, and into your bedchamber, and on your bed, and into the house of your servants, and on your people, and into your ovens, and into your kneading troughs:
(WEB KJV ASV RSV)

2 Samuel 4:7
Now when they came into the house, as he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, they struck him, and killed him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and went by the way of the Arabah all night.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY RSV)

2 Kings 6:12
And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.
(KJV ASV DBY RSV)

2 Kings 11:2
But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who were slain, even him and his nurse, and put them in the bedchamber; and they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain;
(WEB KJV ASV DBY RSV)

2 Chronicles 22:11
But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who were slain, and put him and his nurse in the bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah, so that she didn't kill him.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY RSV)

Ecclesiastes 10:20
Don't curse the king, no, not in your thoughts; and don't curse the rich in your bedchamber: for a bird of the sky may carry your voice, and that which has wings may tell the matter.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV)

Subtopics

Bedchamber

Related Terms

Bed-chamber (6 Occurrences)

Bedstead (1 Occurrence)

Murdered (25 Occurrences)

Jo'ash (44 Occurrences)

Nurse (23 Occurrences)

Athaliah (17 Occurrences)

Bed (142 Occurrences)

Ahaziah (34 Occurrences)

Kneadingtroughs (2 Occurrences)

Kneading-troughs (2 Occurrences)

Kneading (7 Occurrences)

Ovens (3 Occurrences)

Onto (22 Occurrences)

Jehosheba (2 Occurrences)

Jehoshabeath (1 Occurrence)

Gat (21 Occurrences)

Frogs (14 Occurrences)

Telleth (10 Occurrences)

Troughs (5 Occurrences)

Bowls (47 Occurrences)

Bedaubed (1 Occurrence)

Bedroom (8 Occurrences)

Beheaded (12 Occurrences)

Speakest (30 Occurrences)

Stole (9 Occurrences)

Swarm (26 Occurrences)

Stabbed (6 Occurrences)

Esdras

Officials (229 Occurrences)

Revile (28 Occurrences)

Wing (18 Occurrences)

Royal (154 Occurrences)

Hid (145 Occurrences)

Joash (49 Occurrences)

Palace (194 Occurrences)

Winged (69 Occurrences)

Abundantly (73 Occurrences)

Bird (65 Occurrences)

Wings (81 Occurrences)

Traveled (104 Occurrences)

Chamber (73 Occurrences)

Air (74 Occurrences)

River (189 Occurrences)

Joram (26 Occurrences)

Nay (92 Occurrences)

Jehoiada (51 Occurrences)

Birds (125 Occurrences)

Slew (206 Occurrences)

Arabah (32 Occurrences)

Jehoram (27 Occurrences)

Sister (113 Occurrences)

First (4693 Occurrences)

Plain (113 Occurrences)

Tabernacle (333 Occurrences)

Book (211 Occurrences)

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