Proverbs 3:20
New International Version
by his knowledge the watery depths were divided, and the clouds let drop the dew.

New Living Translation
By his knowledge the deep fountains of the earth burst forth, and the dew settles beneath the night sky.

English Standard Version
by his knowledge the deeps broke open, and the clouds drop down the dew.

Berean Study Bible
By His knowledge the watery depths were broken open, and the clouds dripped with dew.

New American Standard Bible
By His knowledge the deeps were broken up And the skies drip with dew.

King James Bible
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

Christian Standard Bible
By his knowledge the watery depths broke open, and the clouds dripped with dew.

Contemporary English Version
By his understanding he let the ocean break loose and clouds release the rain.

Good News Translation
His wisdom caused the rivers to flow and the clouds to give rain to the earth.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By His knowledge the watery depths broke open, and the clouds dripped with dew.

International Standard Version
By his knowledge the depths broke open, and the clouds drip with dew.

NET Bible
By his knowledge the primordial sea was broken open, and the clouds drip down dew.

New Heart English Bible
By his knowledge, the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And in his knowledge the depths were broken up and the clouds sprinkle dew.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
By his knowledge the deep waters were divided, and the skies dropped dew.

JPS Tanakh 1917
By His knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.

New American Standard 1977
By His knowledge the deeps were broken up, And the skies drip with dew.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the heavens drop down the dew.

King James 2000 Bible
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

American King James Version
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

American Standard Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
By understanding were the depths broken up, and the clouds dropped water.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By his wisdom the depths have broken out, and the clouds grow thick with dew

Darby Bible Translation
By his knowledge the deeps were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

English Revised Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Webster's Bible Translation
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

World English Bible
By his knowledge, the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Young's Literal Translation
By His knowledge depths have been rent, And clouds do drop dew.
Study Bible
The Blessings of Wisdom
19The LORD founded the earth by wisdom and established the heavens by understanding. 20By His knowledge the watery depths were broken open, and the clouds dripped with dew. 21My son, do not lose sight of this: Preserve sound judgment and discernment.…
Cross References
Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month, all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.

Genesis 27:28
May God give to you the dew of heaven and the richness of the earth--an abundance of grain and new wine.

Deuteronomy 33:28
So Israel dwells securely; the fountain of Jacob lives untroubled in a land of grain and new wine, where even the heavens drip with dew.

Job 36:28
which the clouds pour out and shower abundantly on mankind.

Proverbs 8:24
When there were no watery depths, I was brought forth, when no springs were overflowing with water.

Treasury of Scripture

By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

the depths

Genesis 1:9
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

Job 38:8-11
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb? …

the clouds

Genesis 27:28,37-39
Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: …

Deuteronomy 33:28
Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.

Job 36:27,28
For he maketh small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapour thereof: …







Lexicon
By His knowledge
בְּ֭דַעְתּוֹ (bə·ḏa‘·tōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1847: Knowledge

the watery depths
תְּהוֹמ֣וֹת (tə·hō·w·mō·wṯ)
Noun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8415: An abyss, the deep

were broken open,
נִבְקָ֑עוּ (niḇ·qā·‘ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1234: To cleave, to rend, break, rip, open

and the clouds
וּ֝שְׁחָקִ֗ים (ū·šə·ḥā·qîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7834: A powder, a thin vapor, the firmament

dripped
יִרְעֲפוּ־ (yir·‘ă·p̄ū-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7491: To trickle, drip

with dew.
טָֽל׃ (ṭāl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2919: Night mist, dew
(20) Are broken up.--Or, burst forth: the word used in Genesis 7:11 of the breaking forth of the waters from the interior of the earth at the flood. (Comp. Job 38:8.)

Drop down the dew.--Of great importance in countries where for months together there is no rain

Verse 20. - By his knowledge the depths are broken up. This is usually taken to refer to that primary act in creation, the separation of the waters from the earth, when "the waters were gathered together unto their own place," as recorded in Genesis 1:9. So Munster, Zockler, Wardlaw. But it seems better to understand it (as Mercerus, Lapide, Delitzsch, and Authorized Version) of the fertilization of the earth by rivers, streams, etc., which burst forth from the interior of the earth. In this sense the correspondence is preserved with the second hemistich. where the atmospheric influence is referred to as conducing to the same end. The teacher passes from the creation to the wonderful means which Jehovah employs through Wisdom to sustain his work. The depths (t'homoth); Vulgate, abyssi; LXX., ἄβυσσοι, are here "the internal water stores of the earth" (Delitzsch), and not the depths of the ocean, as in Proverbs 8:24, 27, 28, and in Genesis 1:2. Are broken up (niv'kau); properly, were broken up, niph. perfect of baka,

(1) to cleave asunder,

(2) to break forth, as water, in Isaiah 35:6.

The perfect describes a past act, but one that is still continuing in effect. Cf. Vulgate eruperunt, "they burst forth;" LXX., ἐῥῤάγησαν, aorist 2 passive of ῤήγνυμι, "to burst forth," Targum, rupti sunt; and Syriac, ruptae sunt. The idea of division or separation is present, but it is not the predominant idea. There seems to be no allusion here either to the Deluge (Beds), nor to the cleaving of the waters of the Red Sea (Gejerus), though both of these historical events were undoubtedly well known to the teacher. And the clouds drop down the dew. The clouds (sh'khakim) are properly the ether, the higher and colder regions of the atmosphere, and then "the clouds," as in Psalm 77:15, which are formed by the condensation of vapours drawn by solar influence from the surface of the earth - seas, rivers, etc. The singular shakhak signifies "dust," and. secondly "a cloud," evidently from the minute particles of moisture of which a cloud is composed. Drop down (yir'aphu, kal future of raaph, used as a present or imperfect); LXX., ἐῥῤύησαν, "let flow." The clouds discharge their contents in showers, or distil at evening in refreshing dew. Modern science agrees with the meteorological fact here alluded to, of the reciprocal action of the heavens and the earth. The moisture drawn from the earth returns again "to water the earth, that it may bring forth and bud, to give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater" (Isaiah 55:10). Dew; tal, here used not only of dew, but of rain in gentle and fructifying showers. The Arabic word signifies "light rain;" LXX., δρόσους, "dew." Moses, in describing the blessing of Israel, says, "His heavens shall drop down dew" in the same sense (Deuteronomy 38:28; cf. Job 36:28). The fertilization of the earth is ordered by the Divine Wisdom. 3:13-20 No precious jewels or earthly treasures are worthy to be compared with true wisdom, whether the concerns of time or eternity be considered. We must make wisdom our business; we must venture all in it, and be willing to part with all for it. This Wisdom is the Lord Jesus Christ and his salvation, sought and obtained by faith and prayer. Were it not for unbelief, remaining sinfulness, and carelessness, we should find all our ways pleasantness, and our paths peace, for his are so; but we too often step aside from them, to our own hurt and grief. Christ is that Wisdom, by whom the worlds were made, and still are in being; happy are those to whom he is made of God wisdom. He has wherewithal to make good all his promises.
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