Matthew 27:45
New International Version
From noon until three in the afternoon darkness came over all the land.

New Living Translation
At noon, darkness fell across the whole land until three o’clock.

English Standard Version
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.

Berean Study Bible
From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land.

Berean Literal Bible
And from the sixth hour, darkness was over all the land, until the ninth hour.

King James Bible
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.

New King James Version
Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land.

New American Standard Bible
Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour.

NASB 1995
Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour.

NASB 1977
Now from the sixth hour darkness fell upon all the land until the ninth hour.

Amplified Bible
Now from the sixth hour (noon) there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour (3:00 p.m.).

Christian Standard Bible
From noon until three in the afternoon, darkness came over the whole land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
From noon until three in the afternoon darkness came over the whole land.

American Standard Version
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But from the sixth hour there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.

Contemporary English Version
At noon the sky turned dark and stayed that way until three o'clock.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over the whole earth, until the ninth hour.

English Revised Version
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.

Good News Translation
At noon the whole country was covered with darkness, which lasted for three hours.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At noon darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon.

International Standard Version
From noon on, darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon.

Literal Standard Version
And from the sixth hour darkness came over all the land to the ninth hour,

NET Bible
Now from noon until three, darkness came over all the land.

New Heart English Bible
Now from noon until three in the afternoon there was darkness over all the land.

Weymouth New Testament
Now from noon until three o'clock in the afternoon there was darkness over the whole land;

World English Bible
Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.

Young's Literal Translation
And from the sixth hour darkness came over all the land unto the ninth hour,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Death of Jesus
44In the same way, even the robbers who were crucified with Him berated Him. 45 From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land. 46About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”…

Cross References
Mark 15:33
From the sixth hour until the ninth hour darkness came over all the land.

Mark 15:34
At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?" which means, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"

Luke 23:44
It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.

John 19:14
It was the day of Preparation for the Passover, about the sixth hour. And Pilate said to the Jews, "Here is your King!"

Acts 3:1
One afternoon Peter and John were going up to the temple at the hour of prayer, the ninth hour.


Treasury of Scripture

Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land to the ninth hour.

from.

Mark 15:25,33,34
And it was the third hour, and they crucified him…

Luke 23:44,45
And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour…

darkness.

Isaiah 50:3
I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.

Amos 8:9
And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day:

Revelation 8:12
And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.









(45) From the sixth hour.--The first three Gospels agree as to time and fact. Assuming them to follow the usual Jewish reckoning (as in Acts 2:15; Acts 3:1; Acts 10:3; Acts 10:9) this would be noon, the fixing to the cross having been at the third hour, 9 A.M. (Mark 15:25), and the darkness lasting till 3 P.M. St. John names the "sixth hour" as the time of our Lord's final condemnation by Pilate, following apparently (see Note there and on John 4:6) the Roman or modern mode of reckoning from midnight to noon. Looking to the facts of the case, it is probable that our Lord was taken to the high priest's palace about 3 A.M. (the "cock-crow" of Mark 13:35). Then came the first hearing before Annas (John 18:13), then the trial before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin, then the formal meeting that passed the sentence. This would fill up the time probably till 6 A.M., and three hours may be allowed for the trials before Pilate and Herod. After the trial was over there would naturally be an interval for the soldiers to take their early meal, and then the slow procession to Golgotha, delayed, we may well believe, by our Lord's falling, once or oftener, beneath the burden of the cross, and so we come to 9 A.M. for His arrival at the place of crucifixion. . . . Verses 45-50. - Supernatural darkness. Last words, and death of Jesus. (Mark 15:33-37; Luke 23:44-46; John 19:28-30.) Verse 45. - The sixth hour; i.e. noon. Christ was crucified about 9 o'clock a.m., the hour of the morning sacrifice; he had therefore by this time been hanging three hours on the cross. His agonies, his sufferings mental and spiritual, were at their height. There was darkness over all the land (ἐπὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν). The historical accuracy of this darkness there is no more reason to doubt than there is to doubt the death of Christ itself: The great fact and its details stand on the same basis. How the phenomenon was produced we know not. That it could not be an ordinary eclipse is certain, as the moon was then full, it being the Paschal time, and the darkness thus produced would have lasted but a few minutes. Nor had it any connection with the subsequent earthquake (ver. 51), as some unscientific exegetes have supposed. On such occasions a thickness of the atmosphere has been noticed, but such an occurrence could never have been described in the words used by the synoptists; and. the earthquake itself was no ordinary event, and took place in no ordinary manner. We cannot doubt that the darkness was supernatural, conveying a solemn lesson to all who beheld it. When we consider what was being done on Calvary, who it was that was dying there, what was the object of his Passion, what was the infinite and unspeakable effect of the sacrifice there offered, is it wonderful that the Divine Architect controlled Nature to sympathize with her Creator, that as a supernatural effulgence heralded the Saviour's birth, a supernatural darkness should shroud his death? We are in the region of the Divine. What we have learned to regard as natural laws (but which really are only our formulary for expressing our experience of past uniformity) were superseded for the time by the interference of the Lawgiver; he used the material to enforce the spiritual being the Lord of both. Whether the darkness extended beyond Judaea unto all that part of the earth which was then illumined by the light of the sun, we cannot tell. Some of the Fathers refer to it as if it was universal. A supposed allusion was made by Phlegon, a writer of the second century, whose work, called 'Annals of the Olympiads,' is not extant, but is quoted by Julius Africanus and Eusebius (see Wordsworth, in loc.); but it seems certain that Phlegon is speaking of an astronomical eclipse which occurred in the ordinary course of nature. Tertullian states that a notice of this darkness was to be found in the archives of Rome ('Apol.,' 21.); but we have no further information on this point. There are some other uncertain references, as that of Dionysius the Areopagite, who is related to have said on the sudden obscuration, "Either the God of nature is suffering, or the machinery of the world is being dissolved;" but none of these will stand the test of criticism; and perhaps it is safer to determine that Gentile notices of the phenomenon are not forthcoming, because the darkness was confined to Palestine. It had, doubtless, a doctrinal and typical significance. Chrysostom considers it a token of God's anger at the crime of the Jews in crucifying Jesus; others see in it an emblem of the withdrawal of the light of God's presence from this wicked land. It was, in Iced, to all who would receive it, a sign of some awful event in the spiritual world of unspeakable consequence to the children of men. The ninth hour. Three o'clock p.m., about the time of the evening sacrifice.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
From
Ἀπὸ (Apo)
Preposition
Strong's 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

[the] sixth
ἕκτης (hektēs)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 1623: Sixth. Ordinal from hex; sixth.

hour
ὥρας (hōras)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 5610: Apparently a primary word; an 'hour'.

until
ἕως (heōs)
Preposition
Strong's 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

[the] ninth
ἐνάτης (enatēs)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 1766: Ninth. Ordinal from ennea; ninth.

hour
ὥρας (hōras)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 5610: Apparently a primary word; an 'hour'.

darkness
σκότος (skotos)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's 4655: Darkness, either physical or moral. From the base of skia; shadiness, i.e. Obscurity.

came
ἐγένετο (egeneto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

over
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

all
πᾶσαν (pasan)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

land.
γῆν (gēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 1093: Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe.


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