Matthew 21:40
New International Version
"Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?"

New Living Translation
"When the owner of the vineyard returns," Jesus asked, "what do you think he will do to those farmers?"

English Standard Version
When therefore the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?”

Berean Study Bible
Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard returns, what will he do to those tenants?”

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore when the master of the vineyard shall come, what will he do to those farmers?"

New American Standard Bible
"Therefore when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-growers?"

King James Bible
When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?"

Contemporary English Version
Jesus asked, "When the owner of that vineyard comes, what do you suppose he will do to those renters?"

Good News Translation
"Now, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?" Jesus asked.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?""

International Standard Version
Now when the owner of the vineyard returns, what will he do to those farmers?"

NET Bible
Now when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?"

New Heart English Bible
When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Therefore, when the Lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those laborers?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Now, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those workers?"

New American Standard 1977
“Therefore when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-growers?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore, when the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

King James 2000 Bible
When the lord therefore of the vineyard comes, what will he do unto those tenants?

American King James Version
When the lord therefore of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?

American Standard Version
When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

Douay-Rheims Bible
When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do to those husbandmen?

Darby Bible Translation
When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what shall he do to those husbandmen?

English Revised Version
When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

Webster's Bible Translation
When therefore the Lord of the vineyard cometh, what will he do to those husbandmen?

Weymouth New Testament
When then the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-dressers?"

World English Bible
When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?"

Young's Literal Translation
whenever therefore the lord of the vineyard may come, what will he do to these husbandmen?'
Study Bible
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants
39So they seized him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. 40Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard returns, what will he do to those tenants?” 41“He will bring those wretches to a wretched end,” they declared, “and will rent out the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his share of the fruit at harvest time.”…
Cross References
Isaiah 5:3
And now, O dwellers of Jerusalem and men of Judah, I exhort you to judge between Me and My vineyard.

Matthew 21:34
When the harvest time drew near, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect his share of the crop.

Matthew 21:39
And they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.

Matthew 21:41
"He will bring those wretches to a wretched end," they declared, "and will rent out the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his fruits in their seasons."

Treasury of Scripture

When the lord therefore of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?

what.

Mark 12:9
What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.

Luke 20:15,16
So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? …

Hebrews 10:29
Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?







Lexicon
Therefore,
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

when
Ὅταν (Hotan)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3752: When, whenever. From hote and an; whenever; also causatively inasmuch as.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

owner
κύριος (kyrios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2962: Lord, master, sir; the Lord. From kuros; supreme in authority, i.e. controller; by implication, Master.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

vineyard
ἀμπελῶνος (ampelōnos)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 290: A vineyard. From ampelos; a vineyard.

returns,
ἔλθῃ (elthē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

will he do
ποιήσει (poiēsei)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

to those
ἐκείνοις (ekeinois)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1565: That, that one there, yonder. From ekei; that one (neuter) thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.

tenants?”
γεωργοῖς (geōrgois)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1092: From ge and the base of ergon; a land-worker, i.e. Farmer.
Verse 40. - When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh; when therefore the lord, etc. Christ asks his hearers, who are both rulers and people, what in their opinion will be the course taken by the lord when he visits his vineyard, knowing all that has transpired. So Isaiah (Isaiah 5:3) makes the people give the verdict: "And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard." 21:33-46 This parable plainly sets forth the sin and ruin of the Jewish nation; and what is spoken to convict them, is spoken to caution all that enjoy the privileges of the outward church. As men treat God's people, they would treat Christ himself, if he were with them. How can we, if faithful to his cause, expect a favourable reception from a wicked world, or from ungodly professors of Christianity! And let us ask ourselves, whether we who have the vineyard and all its advantages, render fruits in due season, as a people, as a family, or as separate persons. Our Saviour, in his question, declares that the Lord of the vineyard will come, and when he comes he will surely destroy the wicked. The chief priests and the elders were the builders, and they would not admit his doctrine or laws; they threw him aside as a despised stone. But he who was rejected by the Jews, was embraced by the Gentiles. Christ knows who will bring forth gospel fruits in the use of gospel means. The unbelief of sinners will be their ruin. But God has many ways of restraining the remainders of wrath, as he has of making that which breaks out redound to his praise. May Christ become more and more precious to our souls, as the firm Foundation and Cornerstone of his church. May we be willing to follow him, though despised and hated for his sake.
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