One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fights for you, as he has promised you.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)One man of you shall chase a thousand.—See Deuteronomy 28:7.Deuteronomy 1:15. This gathering probably took place at the tabernacle at Shiloh.
5-11. the Lord your God, he shall expel them from before you, as the Lord your God hath promised you, &c.—The actual possessions which God had given were a pledge of the complete fulfilment of His promise in giving them the parts of the country still unconquered. But the accomplishment of the divine promise depended on their inviolable fidelity to God's law—on their keeping resolutely aloof from all familiar intercourse and intimate connections with the Canaanites, or in any way partaking of their idolatrous sins. In the event of their continuing in steadfast adherence to the cause of God, as happily distinguished the nation at that time, His blessing would secure them a course of brilliant and easy victories (Le 26:7; De 28:7; 32:30).He it is that fighteth for you; impute not this therefore to your own valour, as you will be apt to do, but to God’s gracious and powerful assistance. Judges 15:15; such a promise was made, Leviticus 26:8,
for the Lord your God he it is that fighteth for you; and no wonder then that a thousand should be put to flight by one man; the Targum interprets it of the Word of the Lord, as in Joshua 23:3,
as he hath promised you; see Deuteronomy 1:30.One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)10. One man of you] Comp. Leviticus 26:8; Jdg 3:31; Jdg 15:15; 2 Samuel 23:8.Verse 10. - One man of you shall chase a thousand. A quotation from the song of Moses (Deuteronomy 32:30). Joshua 13:6-7), "from Jordan and further all the nations, which I have exterminated (i.e., which Joshua had destroyed when Canaan was taken), and the great sea (for 'to the great sea') in the west." The breadth of the land of Canaan is here given in a peculiar manner, the terminus a quo being mentioned in the first clause, and the terminus ad quem (though without the preposition עד) in the second; and through the parallelism which exists between the clauses, each clause is left to be completed from the other. So that the whole sentence would read thus: "All these nations which remain ... from Jordan to the great sea, also all the nations which I have cut off from Jordan, and to the great sea westward."
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