Ezekiel 40
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The Man with a Measuring Rod
(Zechariah 2:1-5)

1In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month—in the fourteenth year after Jerusalem had been struck down—on that very day the hand of the LORD was upon me, and He took me there. 2In visions of God He took me to the land of Israel and set me on a very high mountain, on whose southern slope was a structure that resembled a city.

3So He took me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze. He was standing in the gateway with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand. 4“Son of man,” he said to me, “look with your eyes, hear with your ears, and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for that is why you have been brought here. Report to the house of Israel everything you see.”

The East Gate

5And I saw a wall surrounding the temple area. Now the length of the measuring rod in the man’s hand was six long cubitsa (each measuring a cubit and a handbreadth), and he measured the wall to be one rod thick and one rod high.

6Then he came to the gate facing east and climbed its steps. He measured the threshold of the gate to be one rod deep.b 7Each gate chamber was one rod long and one rod wide, and there were five cubitsc between the gate chambers. The inner threshold of the gate by the portico facing inward was one rod deep. 8Then he measured the portico of the gateway inside; 9it was eight cubits deep,d and its jambs were two cubits thick.e And the portico of the gateway faced the temple.

10There were three gate chambers on each side of the east gate, each with the same measurements, and the gateposts on either side also had the same measurements. 11And he measured the width of the gateway entrance to be ten cubits,f and its length was thirteen cubits.g

12In front of each gate chamber was a wall one cubit high, and the gate chambers were six cubits square. 13Then he measured the gateway from the roof of one gate chamber to the roof of the opposite one; the distance was twenty-five cubitsh from doorway to doorway.

14Next he measured the gateposts to be sixty cubits high.i The gateway extended around to the gatepost of the courtyard. 15And the distance from the entrance of the gateway to the far end of its inner portico was fifty cubits.j

16The gate chambers and their side pillarsk had beveled windows all around the inside of the gateway. The porticos also had windows all around on the inside. Each side pillar was decorated with palm trees.

The Outer Court

17Then he brought me into the outer court, and there were chambers and a pavement laid out all around the court. Thirty chambers faced the pavement, 18which flanked the gateways and corresponded to the length of the gates; this was the lower pavement.

19Then he measured the distance from the front of the lower gateway to the outside of the inner court; it was a hundred cubitsl on the east side as well as on the north.

The North Gate

20He also measured the length and width of the gateway of the outer court facing north. 21Its three gate chambers on each side, its side pillars, and its portico all had the same measurements as the first gate: fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 22Its windows, portico, and palm trees had the same measurements as those of the gate facing east. Seven steps led up to it, with its portico opposite them.

23There was a gate to the inner court facing the north gate, just as there was on the east. He measured the distance from gateway to gateway to be a hundred cubits.

The South Gate

24Then he led me to the south side, and I saw a gateway facing south. He measured its side pillars and portico, and they had the same measurements as the others. 25Both the gateway and its portico had windows all around, like the other windows. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 26Seven steps led up to it, and its portico was opposite them; it had palm trees on its side pillars, one on each side.

27The inner court also had a gate facing south, and he measured the distance from gateway to gateway toward the south to be a hundred cubits.

The Gates of the Inner Court

28Next he brought me into the inner court through the south gate, and he measured the south gate; it had the same measurements as the others. 29Its gate chambers, side pillars, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both the gateway and its portico had windows all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 30(The porticoes around the inner court were twenty-five cubits long and five cubits deep.) 31Its portico faced the outer court, and its side pillars were decorated with palm trees. Eight steps led up to it.

32And he brought me to the inner court on the east side, and he measured the gateway; it had the same measurements as the others. 33Its gate chambers, side pillars, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both the gateway and its portico had windows all around. It was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. 34Its portico faced the outer court, and its side pillars were decorated with palm trees on each side. Eight steps led up to it.

35Then he brought me to the north gate and measured it. It had the same measurements as the others, 36as did its gate chambers, side pillars, and portico. It also had windows all around. It was fifty cubits long twenty-five cubits wide. 37Its porticom faced the outer court, and its side pillars were decorated with palm trees on each side. Eight steps led up to it.

Eight Tables for Sacrifices

38There was a chamber with a doorway by the porticon in each of the inner gateways. There the burnt offering was to be washed. 39Inside the portico of the gateway were two tables on each side, on which the burnt offerings, sin offerings, and guilt offerings were to be slaughtered.

40Outside, as one goes up to the entrance of the north gateway, there were two tables on one side and two more tables on the other side of the gate’s portico. 41So there were four tables inside the gateway and four outside—eight tables in all—on which the sacrifices were to be slaughtered.

42There were also four tables of dressed stone for the burnt offering, each a cubit and a half long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit high.o On these were placed the utensils used to slaughter the burnt offerings and the other sacrifices.

43The double-pronged hooks,p each a handbreadth long,q were fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be placed on the tables.

Chambers for Ministry

44Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, were two chambers, oner beside the north gate and facing south, and another beside the south gates and facing north.

45Then the man said to me: “The chamber that faces south is for the priests who keep charge of the temple, 46and the chamber that faces north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Zadok, the only Levites who may approach the LORD to minister before Him.”

The Inner Court

47Next he measured the court. It was square, a hundred cubits long and a hundred cubits wide. And the altar was in front of the temple.

48Then he brought me to the portico of the temple and measured the side pillars of the portico to be five cubits on each side. The width of the gateway was fourteen cubits and its sidewalls weret three cubitsu on either side. 49The portico was twenty cubitsv wide and twelve cubitsw deep, and ten stepsx led up to it. There were columns by the side pillars, one on each side.

Footnotes:

5 a Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 10.5 feet or 3.2 meters; also in verse 12. The long cubit of about 21 inches or 53 centimeters is the basic unit of length throughout Ezekiel 40 to 48.
6 b Hebrew deep, and one threshold, one reed deep
7 c Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 8.75 feet or 2.7 meters; also in verse 48
9 d Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 14 feet or 4.3 meters
9 e Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 3.5 feet or 1.1 meters; also in verse 22
11 f Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 17.5 feet or 5.3 meters
11 g Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 22.75 feet or 6.9 meters
13 h Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 43.75 feet or 13.3 meters; also in verses 21, 25, 29, 30, 33, and 36
14 i Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 105 feet or 32 meters
15 j Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 87.5 feet or 26.7 meters; also in verses 21, 25, 29, 33, and 36
16 k Or gateposts or jambs or projecting walls; here and throughout Ezekiel 40 and 41.
19 l Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 175 feet or 53.3 meters; also in verses 23, 27, and 47
37 m LXX, Vulgate (compare verses 26, 31, and 34); Hebrew jambs
38 n Hebrew at the jambs
42 o Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 2.6 feet in length and width, and 1.75 feet high (80 centimeters in length and width, and 53 centimeters high)
43 p Or shelves
43 q That is, approximately 2.9 inches or 7.4 centimeters
44 r LXX; Hebrew were chambers for the singers
44 s LXX; Hebrew east
48 t LXX, measured in long cubits, that is approximately 24.5 feet or 7.5 meters; Hebrew does not include fourteen cubits and its sidewalls were
48 u Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 5.25 feet or 1.6 meters
49 v Measured in long cubits, that is approximately 35 feet or 10.7 meters
49 w LXX; measured in long cubits, that is approximately 21 feet or 6.4 meters; Hebrew eleven cubits, that is approximately 19.25 feet or 5.9 meters
49 x LXX; Hebrew does not include ten

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