2 Chronicles 28:20
New International Version
Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came to him, but he gave him trouble instead of help.

New Living Translation
So when King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria arrived, he attacked Ahaz instead of helping him.

English Standard Version
So Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

Berean Study Bible
Then Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came to Ahaz but afflicted him rather than strengthening him.

New American Standard Bible
So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

King James Bible
And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Christian Standard Bible
Then King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria came against Ahaz; he oppressed him and did not give him support.

Contemporary English Version
So Tiglath Pileser came to Judah, but instead of helping, he made things worse.

Good News Translation
The Assyrian emperor, instead of helping Ahaz, opposed him and caused him trouble.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came against Ahaz; he oppressed him and did not give him support.

International Standard Version
King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria attacked Ahaz and, instead of helping him, attacked him.

NET Bible
King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria came, but he gave him more trouble than support.

New Heart English Bible
Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but did not strengthen him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Tillegath Pilneser of Assyria attacked Ahaz. Instead of strengthening Ahaz, Tillegath Pilneser made trouble for him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Tillegath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

New American Standard 1977
So Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Tilgathpilneser, king of Assyria, came unto him, and distressed him but did not strengthen him.

King James 2000 Bible
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, and strengthened him not.

American King James Version
And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

American Standard Version
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And there came against him Thalgaphellasar king of Assyria, and he afflicted him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he brought, against him Thelgathphalnasar king of the Assyrians, who also afflicted him, and plundered him without any resistance.

Darby Bible Translation
And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and troubled him, and did not support him.

English Revised Version
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

World English Bible
Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but didn't strengthen him.

Young's Literal Translation
And Tilgath-Pilneser king of Asshur cometh in unto him, and doth distress him, and hath not strengthened him,
Study Bible
The Idolatry of Ahaz
19For the LORD humbled Judah because Ahaz king of Israel had thrown off restraint in Judah and had been most unfaithful to the LORD. 20Then Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came to Ahaz but afflicted him rather than strengthening him. 21Although Ahaz had taken a portion from the house of the LORD, from the royal palace, and from the princes and had presented it to the king of Assyria, it did not help him.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 5:6
and Beerah his son, whom Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria carried into exile. Beerah was a leader of the Reubenites.

1 Chronicles 5:26
So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria (that is, Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria) to take the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh into exile. And he brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river of Gozan, where they remain to this day.

2 Chronicles 30:6
So the couriers went throughout Israel and Judah with letters from the king and his officials, which read: "Children of Israel, return to the LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, so that He may return to those of you who remain, who have escaped the grasp of the kings of Assyria.

Isaiah 7:17
The LORD will bring on you and on your people and on the house of your father a time unlike any since the day Ephraim separated from Judah--He will bring the king of Assyria."

Jeremiah 2:36
How unstable you are, constantly changing your ways! You will be disappointed by Egypt just as you were by Assyria.

Ezekiel 16:28
Then you prostituted yourself with the Assyrians because you were not satisfied. Even after that, you were still not satisfied.

Treasury of Scripture

And Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria came to him, and distressed him, but strengthened him not.

A.

2 Kings 15:29
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.

2 Kings 16:7-10
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me…

Tiglath-pilsesr

1 Chronicles 5:26
And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.

Hosea 5:13
When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

distressed him

2 Kings 17:5
Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.

Isaiah 7:20
In the same day shall the Lord shave with a rasor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard.

Isaiah 30:3,16
Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion…







Lexicon
Then Tiglath-pileser
פִּלְנְאֶ֖סֶר (pil·nə·’e·ser)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8407: Tiglath-pileser -- an Assyrian king

king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Assyria
אַשּׁ֑וּר (’aš·šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 804: Ashshur

came
וַיָּבֹ֣א (way·yā·ḇō)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to Ahaz
עָלָ֔יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

but afflicted
וַיָּ֥צַר (way·yā·ṣar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6696: To confine, bind, besiege

him
ל֖וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

rather than
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

strengthening him.
חֲזָקֽוֹ׃ (ḥă·zā·qōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer
(20) Tilgath-pilneser (Heb., Pilne'eser). In 2 Kings more correctly called Tiglath-pileser (Pil'eser). (See Note on 1Chronicles 5:26.) According to the As syrian Eponym Canon, Tiglath-pileser II. came to the throne B.C. 745, and marched westward against Damascus and Israel, B.C. 734. The importance of these dates for the chronology of the period is obvious.

Came unto him.--Comp. the more detailed narrative in 2Kings 16:7-10; and see Note on 2Chronicles 28:16. Tiglath was induced by the message and present of Ahaz to undertake a campaign in the west; he captured Damascus, slew Rezin, and transported the population of the city to Kir (Kings, l.c.). After this, "king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria" (2Kings 16:10). The chronicler in the words before us, is estimating the results of this expedition as they affected the interests of Judah. At the prayer of Ahaz the Assyrian had indeed "come to him"; but not with any purpose of strengthening the southern kingdom. Glad of a pretext for interference in the affairs of the west, the ambitious usurper was simply bent on the extension of his own empire; and when the more powerful states of Syria and Israel lay at his feet, he naturally proceeded to require a most unequivocal acknowledgment of vassalage from Ahaz. He thus "distressed" or oppressed him by reducing his kingdom to a mere dependency of Assyria, besides impoverishing him of all his treasure, which Ahaz had sent as the price of this ruinous help.

Distressed him, but strengthened him not.--This is correct. A possible rendering is: "and besieged him, and conquered him not"; but the context is against it. (The word chazaq, "strengthened," everywhere else means to be strong, or, to prevail. LXX. omits the last words, rendering the whole ??? ???????? ?????. Syriac and Arabic, "besieged him." The Vulg. has: "et afflixit eum, et nullo resistente vastavit." That Judah now became tributary to Assyria is evident from 2Kings 18:7; 2Kings 18:14; 2Kings 18:20.

Verse 20. - Tilgath-Pilneser (see 1 Chronicles 5:6, 26; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 16:10, our parallel. See our notes in full on 1 Chronicles 5:6, 26). Gesenius dates his reign as King of Assyria as B.C. 753-734; others as about B.C. 747-728. Distressed him, but strengthened him not. This is in our writer's usual deeper moral and religious vein, and was no doubt most true. For all Ahaz paid and bribed out of the sacrilegiously employed treasure of the temple, out of the depreciating and partial dismantling of "the house of the king," and out of the begged contributions or taxes extortionately wrung "of the princes" (see the succinct account of next verse, and compare the parallel in its vers. 8, 18), he bought a master for himself, servitude, tributariness, and the humiliation of disgrace itself. The temporary relief he obtained (and which the writer of Chronicles in no way means to deny) from one enemy rivetted round his neck the yoke of another and greater. And worse than this, he secured in his own heart the greatest adversary of all - a restless, implacable foe, which ever goaded him on to worse folly and deeper sin. 28:1-27 The wicked reign of Ahaz in Judah. - Israel gained this victory because God was wroth with Judah, and made them the rod of his indignation. He reminds them of their own sins. It ill becomes sinners to be cruel. Could they hope for the mercy of God, if they neither showed mercy nor justice to their brethren? Let it be remembered, that every man is our neighbour, our brother, our fellow man, if not our fellow Christian. And no man who is acquainted with the word of God, need fear to maintain that slavery is against the law of love and the gospel of grace. Who can hold his brother in bondage, without breaking the rule of doing to others as he would they should do unto him? But when sinners are left to their own heart's lusts, they grow more desperate in wickedness. God commands them to release the prisoners, and they obeyed. The Lord brought Judah low. Those who will not humble themselves under the word of God, will justly be humbled by his judgments. It is often found, that wicked men themselves have no real affection for those that revolt to them, nor do they care to do them a kindness. This is that king Ahaz! that wretched man! Those are wicked and vile indeed, that are made worse by their afflictions, instead of being made better by them; who, in their distress, trespass yet more, and have their hearts more fully set in them to do evil. But no marvel that men's affections and devotions are misplaced, when they mistake the author of their trouble and of their help. The progress of wickedness and misery is often rapid; and it is awful to reflect upon a sinner's being driven away in his wickedness into the eternal world.
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Afflicted Asshur Assyria Cause Distress Distressed Help Instead Pilneser Strength Strengthen Strengthened Strengthening Support Tiglath-Pileser Tilgath Tilgathpilneser Tilgath-Pilneser Til'gath-Pilne'ser Tillegath-Pilneser Trouble Troubled
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Afflicted Asshur Assyria Cause Distress Distressed Help Instead Pilneser Strength Strengthen Strengthened Strengthening Support Tiglath-Pileser Tilgath Tilgathpilneser Tilgath-Pilneser Til'gath-Pilne'ser Tillegath-Pilneser Trouble Troubled
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Alphabetical: afflicted against and Assyria but came gave he help him instead king of So strengthening Tiglath-Pileser Tilgath-pilneser to trouble

OT History: 2 Chronicles 28:20 Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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