1 Samuel 3:3
New International Version
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the house of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

New Living Translation
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was sleeping in the Tabernacle near the Ark of God.

English Standard Version
The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

Berean Study Bible
Before the lamp of God had gone out, Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was located.

King James Bible
And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

New King James Version
and before the lamp of God went out in the tabernacle of the LORD where the ark of God was, and while Samuel was lying down,

New American Standard Bible
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was,

NASB 1995
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was,

NASB 1977
and the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was,

Amplified Bible
and the [oil] lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was,

Christian Standard Bible
Before the lamp of God had gone out, Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was located.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Before the lamp of God had gone out, Samuel was lying down in the tabernacle of the LORD, where the ark of God was located.

American Standard Version
and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down to sleep, in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God was;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the lamp of LORD JEHOVAH had not yet gone out, and Shemueil lay down in the temple of LORD JEHOVAH where the ark of God was

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the lamp of God was burning before it was trimmed, and Samuel slept in the temple, where was the ark of God.

Contemporary English Version
and Samuel was sleeping on a mat near the sacred chest in the LORD's house. They had not been asleep very long

Douay-Rheims Bible
Before the lamp of God went out, Samuel slept in the temple of the Lord, where the ark of God was.

Good News Translation
Samuel was sleeping in the sanctuary, where the sacred Covenant Box was. Before dawn, while the lamp was still burning,

International Standard Version
The lamp of God had not yet been extinguished, and Samuel was lying down in the tent of the LORD where the Ark of God was.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down to sleep in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was,

Literal Standard Version
And the lamp of God is not yet extinguished, and Samuel is lying down in the temple of YHWH, where the Ark of God [is],

New American Bible
The lamp of God was not yet extinguished, and Samuel was sleeping in the temple of the LORD where the ark of God was.

NET Bible
and the lamp of God had not yet been extinguished. Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD as well; the ark of God was also there.

New Revised Standard Version
the lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was.

New Heart English Bible
and the lamp of God hadn't yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the LORD's temple, where the ark of God was;

World English Bible
and the lamp of God hadn't yet gone out, and Samuel had laid down [to sleep], in the temple of Yahweh, where the ark of God was;

Young's Literal Translation
And the lamp of God is not yet extinguished, and Samuel is lying down in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God is,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The LORD Calls Samuel
2And at that time Eli, whose eyesight had grown so dim that he could not see, was lying in his room. 3Before the lamp of God had gone out, Samuel was lying down in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was located. 4Then the LORD called to Samuel, and he answered, “Here I am.”…

Cross References
Exodus 25:31
Then you are to make a lampstand of pure, hammered gold. It shall be made of one piece, including its base and shaft, its cups, and its buds and petals.

Exodus 27:21
In the Tent of Meeting, outside the veil that is in front of the Testimony, Aaron and his sons are to tend the lamps before the LORD from evening until morning. This is to be a permanent statute for the Israelites for the generations to come.

Leviticus 24:2
"Command the Israelites to bring you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, to keep the lamps burning continually.

Leviticus 24:3
Outside the veil of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, Aaron is to tend the lamps continually before the LORD from evening until morning. This is to be a permanent statute for the generations to come.

1 Samuel 1:9
So after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the temple of the LORD.


Treasury of Scripture

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

ere.

the lamp

Exodus 27:20,21
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always…

Exodus 30:7,8
And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it…

Leviticus 24:2-4
Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually…

the temple

1 Samuel 1:6
And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

Psalm 5:7
But as for me, I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy: and in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple.

Psalm 27:4
One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to inquire in his temple.











(3, 4) Ere the lamp of God went out.--There is a Talmud comment here of singular interest and beauty: "On the day that Rabbi Akiva died, Rabbi (compiler of the Mishnah) was born; on the day when Rabbi died, Rav Yehudah was born; on the day when Rav Yehudah died, Rava was born; on the day when Rava died, Rav Ashi (one of the editors of Guemara) was born. It teaches thee, that no righteous man departs this life before another equally righteous is born; as it is said (Ecclesiastes 1:5): 'The sun riser, and the sun goes down.' The sun of Eli had not set before that of Samuel rose; as it is said (1Samuel 3:3): 'Ere the lamp of God was out . . . and Samuel laid down.'"--Tract Kiddushin, fol. 72, Colossians 2.

"It was night in the sanctuary. The high priest slept in one of the adjacent chambers, and the attendant ministers in another. In the centre, on the left of the entrance, stood the seven-branched candlestick, now mentioned for the last time; superseded in the reign of Solomon by the ten separate candlesticks, but revived after the Captivity by the copy of the one candlestick with seven branches, as it is still seen on the Arch of Titus. It was the only light of the Tabernacle during the night, was solemnly lighted every evening, as in the devotions of the Eastern world, both Mussulman and Christian, and extinguished just before morning, when the doors were opened.

" In the deep silence of that early morning, before the sun had risen, when the sacred light was still burning, came through the mouth of the innocent child the doom of the house of Ithamar."--Stanley, Lectures on the Jewish Church, Part I.

The Lord called Samuel.--It seems probable that the voice came from out of the "visible glory," the Shekinah, which on that solemn night of the calling of the child-prophet no doubt rested on its chosen earthly throne--the mercy-seat of God--which formed the top of the Ark, and which was overshadowed by the outspread wings of the golden Cherubim.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Before
טֶ֣רֶם (ṭe·rem)
Adverb
Strong's 2962: Non-occurrence, not yet, before

the lamp
וְנֵ֤ר (wə·nêr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5216: A lamp, light

of God
אֱלֹהִים֙ (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

had gone out,
יִכְבֶּ֔ה (yiḵ·beh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3518: To be quenched or extinguished, to go out

Samuel
וּשְׁמוּאֵ֖ל (ū·šə·mū·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8050: Samuel -- 'name of God', a prophet of Israel

was lying down
שֹׁכֵ֑ב (šō·ḵêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7901: To lie down

in the temple
בְּהֵיכַ֣ל (bə·hê·ḵal)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1964: A large public building, palace, temple

of the LORD,
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

where
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

the ark
אֲר֥וֹן (’ă·rō·wn)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 727: A chest, ark

of God
אֱלֹהִֽים׃ (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

was located.
שָׁ֖ם (šām)
Adverb
Strong's 8033: There, then, thither


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OT History: 1 Samuel 3:3 And the lamp of God hadn't yet (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 3:2
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