1 Samuel 13:12
New International Version
I thought, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the LORD's favor.' So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering."

New Living Translation
So I said, ‘The Philistines are ready to march against us at Gilgal, and I haven’t even asked for the LORD’s help!’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering myself before you came.”

English Standard Version
I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of the LORD.’ So I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering.”

Berean Study Bible
I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will descend upon me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of the LORD.’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.”

New American Standard Bible
therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.' So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering."

King James Bible
Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

Christian Standard Bible
I thought, 'The Philistines will now descend on me at Gilgal, and I haven't sought the LORD's favor.' So I forced myself to offer the burnt offering."

Contemporary English Version
and I was worried that they would attack me here at Gilgal. I hadn't offered a sacrifice to ask for the LORD's help, so I forced myself to offer a sacrifice on the altar fire."

Good News Translation
So I thought, 'The Philistines are going to attack me here in Gilgal, and I have not tried to win the LORD's favor.' So I felt I had to offer a sacrifice."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I thought: The Philistines will now descend on me at Gilgal, and I haven't sought the LORD's favor. So I forced myself to offer the burnt offering."

International Standard Version
I thought, 'The Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal but I've not sought the favor of the LORD,' so I forced myself to offer the burnt offering."

NET Bible
I thought, 'Now the Philistines will come down on me at Gilgal and I have not sought the LORD's favor.' So I felt obligated to offer the burnt offering."

New Heart English Bible
therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down on me to Gilgal, and I haven't entreated the favor of the LORD.' I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt offering."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So I thought, 'Now, the Philistines will come against me at Gilgal, but I haven't sought the LORD's favor.' I felt pressured into sacrificing the burnt offering."

JPS Tanakh 1917
therefore said I: Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favour of the LORD; I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt-offering.'

New American Standard 1977
therefore I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the LORD.’ So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
therefore, I said, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD. I forced myself, therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I felt compelled therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

American King James Version
Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now on me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

American Standard Version
therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favor of Jehovah: I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt-offering.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Then I said, Now will the Philistines come down to me to Galgala, and I have not sought the face of the Lord: so I forced myself and offered the whole-burnt-offering.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I said: Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Galgal, and I have not appeased the face of the Lord. Forced by necessity, I offered the holocaust.

Darby Bible Translation
I said, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to Jehovah; and I forced myself, and offered up the burnt-offering.

English Revised Version
therefore said I, Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Gilgal, and I have not entreated the favour of the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt offering.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore said I, the Philistines will now come down upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD; I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt-offering.

World English Bible
therefore I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down on me to Gilgal, and I haven't entreated the favor of Yahweh.' I forced myself therefore, and offered the burnt offering."

Young's Literal Translation
and I say, Now do the Philistines come down unto me to Gilgal, and the face of Jehovah I have not appeased; and I force myself, and cause the burnt-offering to ascend.'
Study Bible
Saul's Unlawful Sacrifice
11“What have you done?” Samuel asked. And Saul replied, “When I saw that the troops were deserting me, and that you did not come at the appointed time and the Philistines were gathering at Michmash, 12I thought, ‘Now the Philistines will descend upon me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of the LORD.’ So I felt compelled to offer the burnt offering.” 13“You have acted foolishly,” Samuel declared. “You have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 13:11
"What have you done?" Samuel asked. And Saul replied, "When I saw that the troops were deserting me, and that you did not come at the appointed time and the Philistines were gathering at Michmash,

1 Samuel 13:13
"You have acted foolishly," Samuel declared. "You have not kept the command the LORD your God gave you; if you had, the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time.

1 Samuel 15:12
Early in the morning Samuel got up to confront Saul, but he was told, "Saul has gone to Carmel, and behold, he has set up a monument for himself and has turned and gone down to Gilgal."

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now on me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.

said I

1 Kings 12:26,27
And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: …

1 Samuel 21:7
Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.

Psalm 66:3
Say unto God, How terrible art thou in thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee.

Amos 8:5
Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel great, and falsifying the balances by deceit?







Lexicon
I thought,
וָאֹמַ֗ר (wā·’ō·mar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘Now
עַ֠תָּה (‘at·tāh)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 6258: At this time

the Philistines
פְלִשְׁתִּ֤ים (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

will descend
יֵרְד֨וּ (yê·rə·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

upon me
אֵלַי֙ (’ê·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

at Gilgal,
הַגִּלְגָּ֔ל (hag·gil·gāl)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1537: Gilgal -- 'circle (of stones)', the name of several places in Palestine

and I have not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

sought
חִלִּ֑יתִי (ḥil·lî·ṯî)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 2470: To be weak or sick

the favor
וּפְנֵ֥י (ū·p̄ə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

of the LORD.’
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

So I felt compelled
וָֽאֶתְאַפַּ֔ק (wā·’eṯ·’ap·paq)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 662: To contain, abstain

to offer
וָאַעֲלֶ֖ה (wā·’a·‘ă·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

the burnt offering.”
הָעֹלָֽה׃ (hā·‘ō·lāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5930: Whole burnt offering
Verse 12. - I have not made supplication unto Jehovah. Literally, "I have not stroked the face of Jehovah," but used of making him propitious by prayer (Exodus 32:11; Jeremiah 26:19). I forced myself. Saul pleads in his justification the imminence of the danger, and perhaps there are few who have faith enough to "stand still and see the salvation of Jehovah" (Exodus 14:13). 13:8-14 Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see ch.
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Alphabetical: against and asked at burnt come compelled down favor felt forced Gilgal have I LORD Lord's me myself not Now of offer offered offering Philistines said So sought the therefore thought to will

OT History: 1 Samuel 13:12 Therefore said I Now will the Philistines (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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