Zechariah 12:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A prophecy: The word of the LORD concerning Israel. The LORD, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who forms the human spirit within a person, declares:

New Living Translation
This message concerning the fate of Israel came from the LORD: "This message is from the LORD, who stretched out the heavens, laid the foundations of the earth, and formed the human spirit.

English Standard Version
The oracle of the word of the LORD concerning Israel: Thus declares the LORD, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the spirit of man within him:

New American Standard Bible
The burden of the word of the LORD concerning Israel. Thus declares the LORD who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him,

King James Bible
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
An Oracle The word of the LORD concerning Israel. A declaration of the LORD, who stretched out the heavens, laid the foundation of the earth, and formed the spirit of man within him."

International Standard Version
A declaration: a message from the LORD to Israel. "The LORD, who stretches out the heavens, who lays the foundation of the earth, and who frames the spirit of man within himself, declares,

NET Bible
The revelation of the word of the LORD concerning Israel: The LORD--he who stretches out the heavens and lays the foundations of the earth, who forms the human spirit within a person--says,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is the prophetic revelation, the word of the LORD about Israel. The LORD-who spread out the heavens, laid the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit in a person-says,

Jubilee Bible 2000
The burden of the word of the LORD upon Israel, said the LORD, who stretches forth the heavens and lays the foundation of the earth and forms the spirit of man within him.

King James 2000 Bible
The burden of the word of the LORD concerning Israel, says the LORD, who stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.

American King James Version
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, said the LORD, which stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.

American Standard Version
The burden of the word of Jehovah concerning Israel. Thus'saith Jehovah, who stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him:

Douay-Rheims Bible
The burden of the word of the Lord upon Israel. Thus saith the Lord, who stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundations of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man in him :

Darby Bible Translation
The burden of the word of Jehovah concerning Israel. [Thus] saith Jehovah, who stretcheth out the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him:

English Revised Version
The burden of the word of the LORD concerning Israel. Thus saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him:

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, who stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.

World English Bible
An oracle. The word of Yahweh concerning Israel. Yahweh, who stretches out the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him says:

Young's Literal Translation
The burden of a word of Jehovah on Israel. An affirmation of Jehovah, Stretching out heaven, and founding earth, And forming the spirit of man in his midst.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:1-8 Here is a Divine prediction, which will be a heavy burden to all the enemies of the church. But it is for Israel; for their comfort and benefit. It is promised that God will make foolish the counsels, and weaken the courage of the enemies of the church. The exact meaning is not clear; but God often begins by calling the poor and despised; and in that day even the feeblest will resemble David, and be as eminent in courage and every thing good. Desirable indeed is it that the examples and labours of Christians should render them as fire among wood, as a torch in a sheaf, to kindle the flame of Divine love, to spread religion on the right hand and on the left.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1-ch. 14:21. - B. THE SECOND BURDEN. Verses 1-9. - § 1. The prophet proceeds to announce Israel's conflict with heathen powers. Hostile nations gather together against Jerusalem, but shall themselves be overthrown; for the people and their leaders, trusting in the Lord, overcome all opposition. Verse 1. - The burden of the word of the Lord for (concerning) Israel. This is the title of the second oracle, corresponding to that at the head of ch. 9. Though the literal Israel has been rejected, as we saw in the last "burden," a new people of God. arises (Hosea 1:10), the Messianic theocracy, which is also called Israel, whose fortunes the prophet herein delineates, describing its probation, its contests, triumph, and development. The body is like its Head; as the good Shepherd, Christ, was persecuted and rejected, so his members, the true Israelites, suffer at the hand of the world and Satan, before they are finally glorified. Some critics suppose that "Israel" here is written by mistake for "Jerusalem," as possibly in Jeremiah 23:6 (see note on Zechariah 1:19). It is best to put a full stop after "Israel," and begin a new sentence with "Thus saith the Lord," or "The saying of Jehovah." Which stretcheth forth the heavens, etc. (comp. Isaiah 42:5; Amos 4:13). The attributes of God. are mentioned here that all may believe that what he has promised, that he is able to perform. He is not only the Creator, but also the Pro-server of all things (Psalm 104:2-4; Hebrews 1:10. Formeth the spirit of man within him. God creates the souls of men, and moulds and guides them. In life and death men work out his purposes (Numbers 16:22; Hebrews 12:9).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel,.... And against their enemies; for the good of the church of God, for its joy, comfort, and salvation; or, "concerning Israel" (x); what shall befall them in the latter day, as the destruction of antichrist, prophesied of in the preceding chapter Zechariah 11:1; and what is hereafter said may be believed that it shall be accomplished. The Lord is described in the greatness of his power, speaking as follows:

saith the Lord, which stretcheth forth the heavens: as a curtain, Psalm 104:2 the expanse or firmament of heaven, which is stretched out as a canopy over all the earth around:

and layeth the foundation of the earth; firm and sure, though upon the seas and floods, yea, upon nothing, Psalm 24:2,

and formeth the spirit of man within him; the soul of man, with all its powers and faculties, gifts and endowments; which is of his immediate creation, and which he continues daily to form, and infuse into the bodies of men, and holds in life there; hence he is called the Father of spirits, Hebrews 12:9.

(x) "de", Piscator, Drusius; "super Israele", Cocceius, Burkius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 12

Zec 12:1-14. Jerusalem the Instrument of Judgment on Her Foes Hereafter; Her Repentance and Restoration.

1. burden—"weighty prophecy"; fraught with destruction to Israel's foes; the expression may also refer to the distresses of Israel implied as about to precede the deliverance.

for Israel—concerning Israel [Maurer].

stretcheth forth—present; now, not merely "hath stretched forth," as if God only created and then left the universe to itself (Joh 5:17). To remove all doubts of unbelief as to the possibility of Israel's deliverance, God prefaces the prediction by reminding us of His creative and sustaining power. Compare a similar preface in Isa 42:5; 43:1; 65:17, 18.

formeth … spirit of man—(Nu 16:22; Heb 12:9).

Zechariah 12:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jerusalem will Be Attacked
1The burden of the word of the LORD concerning Israel. Thus declares the LORD who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him, 2"Behold, I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that causes reeling to all the peoples around; and when the siege is against Jerusalem, it will also be against Judah.…
Cross References
Hebrews 1:10
He also says, "In the beginning, Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.

Hebrews 12:9
Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it. How much more should we submit to the Father of spirits and live!

Job 26:7
He spreads out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth over nothing.

Job 37:18
can you join him in spreading out the skies, hard as a mirror of cast bronze?

Psalm 102:25
In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.

Psalm 102:26
They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded.

Ecclesiastes 12:7
and the dust returns to the ground it came from, and the spirit returns to God who gave it.

Isaiah 42:5
This is what God the LORD says-- the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out, who spreads out the earth with all that springs from it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it:

Isaiah 44:24
"This is what the LORD says-- your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, the Maker of all things, who stretches out the heavens, who spreads out the earth by myself,

Isaiah 57:16
I will not accuse them forever, nor will I always be angry, for then they would faint away because of me-- the very people I have created.

Jeremiah 38:16
But King Zedekiah swore this oath secretly to Jeremiah: "As surely as the LORD lives, who has given us breath, I will neither kill you nor hand you over to those who want to kill you."

Jeremiah 51:15
"He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.
Treasury of Scripture

The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, said the LORD, which stretches forth the heavens, and lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him.

Cir. A.M.

Zechariah 9:1 The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of Hadrach, and Damascus …

Lamentations 2:14 Your prophets have seen vain and foolish things for you: and they …

Malachi 1:1 The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.

for.

Isaiah 51:22,23 Thus said your Lord the LORD, and your God that pleads the cause …

Jeremiah 30:10,16 Therefore fear you not, O my servant Jacob, said the LORD; neither …

Jeremiah 50:34 Their Redeemer is strong; the LORD of hosts is his name: he shall …

Ezekiel 36:5-7 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy …

Joel 3:19,21 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, …

Obadiah 1:16,17 For as you have drunk on my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen …

which.

Job 26:7 He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth on nothing.

Psalm 102:25,26 Of old have you laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens …

Psalm 104:2 Who cover yourself with light as with a garment: who stretch out …

Psalm 136:5,6 To him that by wisdom made the heavens: for his mercy endures for ever…

Isaiah 40:12,22 Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted …

Isaiah 42:5 Thus said God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched …

Isaiah 44:24 Thus said the LORD, your redeemer, and he that formed you from the …

Isaiah 45:12,18 I have made the earth, and created man on it: I, even my hands, have …

Isaiah 48:13 My hand also has laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand …

Isaiah 51:13 And forget the LORD your maker, that has stretched forth the heavens, …

Jeremiah 10:12 He has made the earth by his power, he has established the world …

Jeremiah 51:15 He has made the earth by his power, he has established the world …

Hebrews 1:10-12 And, You, Lord, in the beginning have laid the foundation of the …

formeth.

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed …

Numbers 16:22 And they fell on their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits …

Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit …

Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: …

Jeremiah 38:16 So Zedekiah the king swore secretly to Jeremiah, saying, As the LORD …

Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the …

Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, …

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