Psalm 99:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel was among those who called on his name; they called on the LORD and he answered them.

New Living Translation
Moses and Aaron were among his priests; Samuel also called on his name. They cried to the LORD for help, and he answered them.

English Standard Version
Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel also was among those who called upon his name. They called to the LORD, and he answered them.

New American Standard Bible
Moses and Aaron were among His priests, And Samuel was among those who called on His name; They called upon the LORD and He answered them.

King James Bible
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Moses and Aaron were among His priests; Samuel also was among those calling on His name. They called to Yahweh and He answered them.

International Standard Version
Moses and Aaron were among his priests; Samuel also was among those who invoked his name. When they called on the LORD, he answered them.

NET Bible
Moses and Aaron were among his priests; Samuel was one of those who prayed to him. They prayed to the LORD and he answered them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among those crying his Name, for they called Lord Jehovah and he answered them!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses and Aaron were among his priests. Samuel was among those who prayed to him. They called to the LORD, and he answered them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Moses and Aaron are among his priests and Samuel among those that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

King James 2000 Bible
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

American King James Version
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call on his name; they called on the LORD, and he answered them.

American Standard Version
Moses and Aaron among his priests, And Samuel among them that call upon his name; They called upon Jehovah, and he answered them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moses and Aaron among his priests: and Samuel among them that call upon his name. They called upon the Lord, and he heard them:

Darby Bible Translation
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name: they called unto Jehovah, and *he* answered them.

English Revised Version
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call on his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

World English Bible
Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel among those who call on his name; they called on Yahweh, and he answered them.

Young's Literal Translation
Moses and Aaron among His priests, And Samuel among those proclaiming His name. They are calling unto Jehovah, And He doth answer them.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

99:6-9 The happiness of Israel is made out by referring to the most useful governors of that people. They in every thing made God's word and law their rule, knowing that they could not else expect that their prayers should be answered. They all wonderfully prevailed with God in prayer; miracles were wrought at their request. They pleaded for the people, and obtained answers of peace. Our Prophet and High Priest, of infinitely greater dignity than Moses, Aaron, or Samuel, has received and declared to us the will of the Father. Let us not only exalt the Lord with our lips, but give him the throne in our heart; and while we worship him upon his mercy-seat, let us never forget that he is holy.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 6. - Moses and Aaron among his priests. Moses, though not called a priest in the Pentateuch, performed many priestly acts, such as sprinkling the blood of the covenant at Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:6-8), setting in order the tabernacle (Exodus 40:18-33), consecrating Aaron and his sons (Leviticus 8:6-30), interceding for the people (Exodus 32:30-32; Numbers 14:13-19), etc. He is therefore, not improperly, here included among God's priests. And Samuel among them that call upon his Name. Samuel was not a priest, but a simple Levite (1 Chronicles 6:16-28). He was, however, a powerful intercessor with God, a righteous man whose effectual fervent prayer availed much. He is united with Moses by Jeremiah, as having weight with God through his prayers (Jeremiah 15:1; see also 1 Samuel 12:19-22). They called upon the Lord, and he answered them (see Deuteronomy 11:19; Deuteronomy 10:10; 1 Samuel 12:17, etc.).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Moses and Aaron among his priests,.... The priests of the Lord, called and appointed by him, that ministered to him in that office, were the priests of Christ, types of him, and ceased when he came: these were the chief among them, or of them, as Kimchi observes: Moses officiated as a priest before Aaron was called and separated to that service; yea, it was he that consecrated and installed him in it, and that by offering sacrifice among other things, Exodus 29:1, Numbers 7:1, and that Aaron was the chief of them there can be no question, seeing he was the first from whom a race of priests sprung, and who gave name to that order of priesthood which continued until the Messiah's coming:

and Samuel among them that call upon his name; these, according to Kimchi, describe the prophets, among whom Samuel was the chief; see Acts 3:24 calling on the name of the Lord includes the whole worship of God, and is often used particularly of prayer; the object of which is God, and him only; and who is to be called upon at all times, and especially in a time of trouble, and always in faith, and with sincerity and truth; and an honour it is to be among such persons: now these three men, who were eminent for religion and piety, and particularly prayer, see Jeremiah 15:1 are mentioned to animate and encourage the saints, by their example, to the worship and service of the Lord, before exhorted to: they called upon the Lord; the Lord Christ, who is the object of invocation, was so in the Old Testament dispensation, and should be so in the New; see Acts 7:59. Moses called upon him, Exodus 32:11; so did Aaron, Numbers 16:22, and also Samuel, 1 Samuel 7:8,

and he answered them; as he does all his people, sooner or later, in one way or another; which is no small encouragement to pray unto him.

The Treasury of David

6 Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the Lord, and he answered them.

7 He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar; they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.

8 Thou answeredst them, O Lord our God: thou wast a God that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions.

9 Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at his holy hill; for the Lord our God is holy.

Psalm 99:6

"Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name." Though not ordained to the typical priesthood, Moses was a true priest, even as Melchizedek had been before him. God has ever had a priesthood beside and above that of the law. The three holy men here mentioned all stood in his courts, and saw his holiness, each one after his own order. Moses saw the Lord in flaming fire revealing his perfect law, Aaron full often watched the sacred fire devour the sin-offering, and Samuel witnessed the judgment of the Lord on Eli's house, because of the error of his way. These each one stood in the gap when the wrath of God broke forth, because his holiness had been insulted; and acting as intercessors, they screened the nation from the great and terrible God, who otherwise would in a dreadful manner have executed judgment in Jacob. Let these men, or such as these, lead us in our worship, and let us approach the Lord at the mercy-seat as they did, for he is as accessible to us as to them. They made it their life's business to call upon him in prayer, and by so doing brought down innumerable blessings upon themselves and others. Does not the Lord call us also to come up into the mount with Moses, and to enter the most holy place with Aaron? Do we not hear him call us by our name as he did Samuel? And do we not answer, "Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth"? "They called upon the Lord, and he answered them." Not in vain were their prayers; but being a holy God he was true to his promises, and hearkened to them from off the mercy-seat. Here is reason for praise, for answers to the petitions of some are proofs of God's readiness to hear others. These three men asked large things, they pleaded for a whole nation, and they stayed great plagues and turned away fiery wrath; who would not exercise himself in adoring so great and merciful a God? If he were unholy he would be false to his word and refuse his people's cries; this, then, is recorded for our joy and for his glory, that holy men of old were not suffered to pray in vain.

Psalm 99:7

"He Spake unto them in the cloudy pillar." We have had mention of the ark and the shekinah, and now of the fiery cloudy pillar, which was another visible token of the presence of God in the midst of Israel. Responses came to Moses and Aaron out of that glorious overshadowing cloud, and though Samuel saw it not, yet to him also came the mystic voice which was wont to thunder forth from that divine canopy. Men have had converse with God, let men therefore speak to God in return. He has told us things to come, let us in return confess the sins which are past; he has revealed his mind to us, let us then pour out our hearts before him. "They kept his testimonies." When others turned aside they were faithful; in their hearts they laid up his word, and in their lives they obeyed it. When he spake to them they observed his will, and therefore when they spake to him he yielded to their desires. This keeping of the divine testimonies is a virtue all too rare in these our days; men run after their own views and opinions, and make light of the truth of God; hence it is that they fail in prayer, and scoffers have even dared to say that prayer avails not at all. May the good Lord bring back his people to reverence his word, and then will he also have respect unto the voice of their cry. "And the ordinance that he gave them." His practical precept they observed as well as his doctrinal instruction. Ordinances are not to be trifled with, or testimonies will also be despised; and the converse is also true, a light estimate of inspired dogma Is sure to end in neglect of moral virtues. To Moses, Aaron, and Samuel special and personal charges were committed, and they were all true to their trust, for they stood in awe of the Lord their God, and worshipped him with their whole souls. They were very different men, and had each one a work to do peculiar to himself, yet because each was a man of prayer they were all preserved in their integrity, fulfilled their office, and blessed their generation. Lord, teach us like Moses to hold up our hands in prayer and conquer Amalek, like Aaron to wave the censer between the living and the dead till the plague is stayed, and like Samuel to say to a guilty people, "God forbid that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you;" if thou wilt make us mighty with thee in prayer, we shall also be kept faithful before thee in the service which thou hast laid upon us.

Psalm 99:8

"Thou answeredst them, O Lord our God." A sweet title and a cheering fact. Our covenant God in a very special manner heard his three servants when they pleaded for the people. "Thou wast a God that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions." He forgave the sinners, but he slew their sins. Some apply this verse to Moses, Aaron, and Samuel, and remind us that each of these fell into a fault and received chastisement. Of Samuel they assert that, for having set up his sons as his successors, he was compelled to submit to the anointing of Saul as king, which was a great grief to him; this is to our mind a very doubtful statement, and leads us to abandon the interpretation altogether. We believe that the passage refers to the nation which was spared through the intercession of these three holy men, but yet was severely chastened for its transgressions. In answer to the cry of Moses the tribes lived on, but the then existing generation could not enter Canaan: Aaron's golden calf was broken, though the fire of the Lord did not consume the people; and Israel smarted under the harsh government of Saul, though at Samuel's request its murmurings against the theocratic rule of their fathers' God was not visited with pestilence or famine. So to forgive sin as at the same time to express abhorrence of it, is the peculiar glory of God, and is best seen in the atonement of our Lord Jesus. Reader, are you a believer? Then your sin is forgiven you; but so surely as you are a child of God the rod of paternal discipline will be laid upon you if your walk be not close with God. "You only have I known of all the nations of the earth, therefore I will punish you for your iniquities."

Psalm 99:9

"Exalt the Lord our God." A second time the delightful title of Jehovah our God is used, and it is quickly followed by a third. The Psalm is Trinitarian in its whole structure. In each of his sacred persons the Lord is the God of his people; the Father is ours, the Son is ours, and the Holy Spirit is ours: let us exalt him with all our ransomed powers. "And worship at his holy hill." Where he appoints his temple let us resort. No spot of ground is now fenced about as peculiarly holy, or to be regarded as more sacred than another; yet his visible church is his chosen hill, and there would we be found, numbered with his people, and unite with them in worship. "For the Lord our God is holy." Again this devout description is repeated, and made the climax of the song. Oh lot hearts made pure within, so that we may rightly perceive and worthily praise the infinite perfection of the Triune Lord.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

6-8. The experience of these servants of God is cited for encouragement.

among … priests, among … upon the Lord [and] He spake … pillar—may be referred to all three (compare Ex 18:19; Le 8:15; De 5:5; 1Sa 9:13).

Psalm 99:6 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Lord Reigns!
5Exalt the LORD our God And worship at His footstool; Holy is He. 6Moses and Aaron were among His priests, And Samuel was among those who called on His name; They called upon the LORD and He answered them. 7He spoke to them in the pillar of cloud; They kept His testimonies And the statute that He gave them.…
Cross References
Exodus 15:25
Then Moses cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a piece of wood. He threw it into the water, and the water became fit to drink. There the LORD issued a ruling and instruction for them and put them to the test.

Exodus 24:6
Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and the other half he splashed against the altar.

Exodus 28:1
"Have Aaron your brother brought to you from among the Israelites, along with his sons Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, so they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 29:26
After you take the breast of the ram for Aaron's ordination, wave it before the LORD as a wave offering, and it will be your share.

Exodus 32:30
The next day Moses said to the people, "You have committed a great sin. But now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin."

Exodus 40:23
and set out the bread on it before the LORD, as the LORD commanded him.

Leviticus 8:1
The LORD said to Moses,

Leviticus 8:29
Moses also took the breast, which was his share of the ordination ram, and waved it before the LORD as a wave offering, as the LORD commanded Moses.

1 Samuel 7:9
Then Samuel took a suckling lamb and sacrificed it as a whole burnt offering to the LORD. He cried out to the LORD on Israel's behalf, and the LORD answered him.

1 Samuel 12:18
Then Samuel called on the LORD, and that same day the LORD sent thunder and rain. So all the people stood in awe of the LORD and of Samuel.

Psalm 22:4
In you our ancestors put their trust; they trusted and you delivered them.

Psalm 22:5
To you they cried out and were saved; in you they trusted and were not put to shame.

Psalm 105:1
Give praise to the LORD, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done.

Jeremiah 15:1
Then the LORD said to me: "Even if Moses and Samuel were to stand before me, my heart would not go out to this people. Send them away from my presence! Let them go!
Treasury of Scripture

Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call on his name; they called on the LORD, and he answered them.

Moses

Exodus 24:6-8 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basins; and half …

Exodus 29:11 And you shall kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the …

Exodus 40:23-29 And he set the bread in order on it before the LORD; as the LORD …

Numbers 16:47,48 And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the middle of the …

they called

Exodus 14:15 And the LORD said to Moses, Why cry you to me? speak to the children …

Exodus 15:25 And he cried to the LORD; and the LORD showed him a tree, which when …

Exodus 32:11-14 And Moses sought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why does your …

Exodus 33:12-15 And Moses said to the LORD, See, you say to me, Bring up this people: …

Numbers 14:13-20 And Moses said to the LORD, Then the Egyptians shall hear it, (for …

Numbers 16:21,22 Separate yourselves from among this congregation, that I may consume …

1 Samuel 7:9-12 And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering …

1 Samuel 12:18-24 So Samuel called to the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain …

Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD to me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, …

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