Matthew 23:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
they love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces and to be called 'Rabbi' by others.

New Living Translation
They love to receive respectful greetings as they walk in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi.'

English Standard Version
and greetings in the marketplaces and being called rabbi by others.

Berean Study Bible
the greetings in the marketplaces, and the title of 'Rabbi' by which they are addressed.

Berean Literal Bible
and the greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi' by men.

New American Standard Bible
and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called Rabbi by men.

King James Bible
And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi by people.

International Standard Version
to be greeted in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi' by people.

NET Bible
and elaborate greetings in the marketplaces, and to have people call them 'Rabbi.'

New Heart English Bible
the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi' by men.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called, “Rabbi”, by the people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They love to be greeted in the marketplaces and to have people call them Rabbi.

New American Standard 1977
and respectful greetings in the market places, and being called by men, Rabbi.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and greetings in the markets and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

King James 2000 Bible
And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

American King James Version
And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

American Standard Version
and the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called of men, Rabbi.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And salutations in the market place, and to be called by men, Rabbi.

Darby Bible Translation
and salutations in the market-places, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

English Revised Version
and the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called of men, Rabbi.

Webster's Bible Translation
And greetings in the markets, and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

Weymouth New Testament
and like to be bowed to in places of public resort, and to be addressed by men as 'Rabbi.'

World English Bible
the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi, Rabbi' by men.

Young's Literal Translation
and the salutations in the market-places, and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
Study Bible
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
6They love the places of honor at banquets, the chief seats in the synagogues, 7the greetings in the marketplaces, and the title of ‘Rabbi’’ by which they are addressed. 8But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have one Teacher, and you are all brothers.…
Cross References
Matthew 11:16
To what can I compare this generation? They are like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling out to others:

Matthew 23:8
But you are not to be called 'Rabbi,' for you have one Teacher, and you are all brothers.

Matthew 26:25
Then Judas, who would betray Him, said, "Surely not I, Rabbi?" Jesus answered, "You have said it yourself."

Matthew 26:49
Going directly to Jesus, he said, "Greetings, Rabbi," and kissed Him.

Mark 9:5
Peter said to Jesus, "Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let us put up three shelters: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah."

Mark 10:51
"What do you want Me to do for you?" Jesus asked. "Rabboni," said the blind man, "I want to see again."

Mark 11:21
Peter remembered it and said, "Look, Rabbi! The fig tree You cursed has withered."

Mark 12:38
In His teaching Jesus also said, "Watch out for the scribes. They like to walk around in long robes, to receive greetings in the marketplaces,

Mark 14:45
Going directly to Jesus, he said, "Rabbi!" and kissed Him.

Luke 11:43
Woe to you Pharisees! You love the chief seats in the synagogues and the greetings in the marketplaces.
Treasury of Scripture

And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

Rabbi.

John 1:38,49 Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and said to them, What …

John 3:2,26 The same came to Jesus by night, and said to him, Rabbi, we know …

John 6:25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said …

John 20:16 Jesus said to her, Mary. She turned herself, and said to him, Rabboni; …

(7) Greetings in the markets.--The greetings referred to were more than the familiar "Peace with thee," and involved the language of formal reverence (comp. Note on Luke 10:4) paid to those whom men delighted to honour.

Rabbi, Rabbi.--The title, which properly meant a "great" or "chief" one, as in Rab-Mag ("the chief priest," Jeremiah 39:3), Rabsaris ("the chief eunuch," 2Kings 18:17), had come to be applied, in the days of Hillel and Shammai, to the teachers or "masters" of the Law, and, as such, was given to the scribes who devoted themselves to that work. In Rabban (said to have been first given to Simeon, the son of Hillel) and Rabboni (John 20:16) we have forms which were supposed to imply a yet greater degree of reverence.

Verse 7. - Greetings in the markets. They loved to be denoted as superiors by respectful salutations in public places. To be called Rabbi, Rabbi; "My Master" (compare the French Monsieur, used not only vocatively, but absolutely); the term addressed by scholars to their teacher, and repeated for ostentation's sake, of course implying superiority in those thus called. Christ himself was thus addressed by those who desired to denote his authority and preeminence (Matthew 22:16, 24, 36; comp. John 1:38). These greetings and salutations were enjoined on scholars and inferiors, under pain of ecclesiastical censure and loss of salvation. And greetings in the markets,.... They used to stroll about the markets, being public places, where there was a great concourse of people, on purpose to be taken notice of before multitudes, with singular marks of respect; as stretching out the hand, uncovering the head, and bowing the knee:

and to be called of men Rabbi, Rabbi; because of their great authority, and largeness of their knowledge: the repetition of the word Rabbi, is not made in the Vulgate Latin, nor in the Syriac, Arabic, Persic, and Ethiopic versions, nor in Munster's Hebrew Gospel, but is in all the Greek copies, and very justly; since it was usual in the salutations of them, to double the word. It is reported (f) of R. Eleazar ben Simeon, of Migdal Gedur, that having reproached a deformed man he met in the road; when he came to the city where the man lived,

"the citizens came out to meet him, and said to him, peace be upon thee, , "Rabbi, Rabbi, Master, Master"; he (Eleazar) said to them, who do you call "Rabbi, Rabbi?" They replied to him, he who followed thee: he said unto them, if this be a Rabbi, let there not be many such in Israel.''

The Jews pretend, that king Jehoshaphat used to salute the doctors with these titles; though they forget that they were not in use in his time, as will be hereafter observed: they say (g),

"whenever he saw a disciple of the wise men, he rose from his throne, and embraced and kissed him, and called him, , "Father, Father, Rabbi, Rabbi, Master, Master".''

Where you have the three different words used by our Lord in this and the following verses, by which these men loved to be called, and he inveighed against; nay, they not only suggest, that kings gave them these honourable titles, and they expected them from them, but even they liked to be called kings themselves. It is said (h) of R. Hona arid R. Chasda, that as they were sitting together, one passed by them,

"and said to them, "peace be to you kings", "peace be to you kings": they said to him, from whence does it appear to thee, that the Rabbins are called kings? He replied to them, from what is written, "by me kings reign", &c. They said to him, from whence hast thou it, that we are to double or repeat peace, or salutation to kings? He answered them, that R. Judah said, that Rab said from hence, 1 Chronicles 12:18. "Then the spirit came upon Amasai", &c.''

This title began but to be in use in the time of our Lord, or a very little while before: none of the prophets had it, nor Ezra the Scribe, nor the men of the great synagogue, nor Simeon the Just, the last of them; nor Antigonus, a man of Socho, a disciple of his: and it is observed by the Jews themselves (i), that

"the five couple are never called by the name of Rabban, nor by the name of Rabbi, only by their own name.''

By whom are meant, Joseph ben Joezer, and Joseph ben Jochanan; Joshua ben Perachia, said to be the master of Jesus of Nazareth, and Nittai the Arbelite; Judah ben Tabai, and Simeon ben Shetach; Shemaiah and Abtalion; Hillell and Shammai. The sons, or disciples of the two last, first took these titles. Rabban Simeon, the son of Hillell, thought by some to be the same Simeon that had Christ in his arms, is (k) said to be the first that was called by this name; and it is also observed by them (l), that Rabban was a name of greater honour than Rabbi, or Rab, and that Rabbi was more honourable than Rab; and to be called by a man's own name, was more honourable than any of them. The Karaite Jews make much the same complaint, and give much the same account of the pride and vanity of the Rabbinical doctors, as Christ here does; for so one of them says (m);

"The Karaites do not use to act according to the custom of the wise men among the Rabbans, to make to themselves gods of silver, and guides of gold, with this view, , "to be called Rab"; and also to gather wealth and food to fulness, &c.''

(f) T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 20. 2.((g) T. Bab. Maccot, fol. 24. 1. & Cetubot, fol. 103. 2.((h) T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 62. 1.((i) Ganz. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 21. 1.((k) Ganz. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 25. 1.((l) lb. (m) Eliahu Adderet, c. 6. apud Trigland. de. Sect. Kar. c. 10. p. 164. 7. And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi—It is the spirit rather than the letter of this that must be pressed; though the violation of the letter, springing from spiritual pride, has done incalculable evil in the Church of Christ. The reiteration of the word "Rabbi" shows how it tickled the ear and fed the spiritual pride of those ecclesiastics.23:1-12 The scribes and Pharisees explained the law of Moses, and enforced obedience to it. They are charged with hypocrisy in religion. We can only judge according to outward appearance; but God searches the heart. They made phylacteries. These were scrolls of paper or parchment, wherein were written four paragraphs of the law, to be worn on their foreheads and left arms, Ex 13:2-10; 13:11-16; De 6:4-9; 11:13-21. They made these phylacteries broad, that they might be thought more zealous for the law than others. God appointed the Jews to make fringes upon their garments, Nu 15:38, to remind them of their being a peculiar people; but the Pharisees made them larger than common, as if they were thereby more religious than others. Pride was the darling, reigning sin of the Pharisees, the sin that most easily beset them, and which our Lord Jesus takes all occasions to speak against. For him that is taught in the word to give respect to him that teaches, is commendable; but for him that teaches, to demand it, to be puffed up with it, is sinful. How much is all this against the spirit of Christianity! The consistent disciple of Christ is pained by being put into chief places. But who that looks around on the visible church, would think this was the spirit required? It is plain that some measure of this antichristian spirit prevails in every religious society, and in every one of our hearts.
Jump to Previous
Addressed Bowed Greeted Greetings Love Market Marketplaces Market-Places Markets Places Public Rabbi Resort Respect Respectful Salutations Teacher Words
Jump to Next
Addressed Bowed Greeted Greetings Love Market Marketplaces Market-Places Markets Places Public Rabbi Resort Respect Respectful Salutations Teacher Words
Links
Matthew 23:7 NIV
Matthew 23:7 NLT
Matthew 23:7 ESV
Matthew 23:7 NASB
Matthew 23:7 KJV

Matthew 23:7 Biblia Paralela
Matthew 23:7 Chinese Bible
Matthew 23:7 French Bible
Matthew 23:7 German Bible

Alphabetical: and be being by call called greeted greetings have in love market marketplaces men places Rabbi Rabbi' respectful the them they to

NT Gospels: Matthew 23:7 The salutations in the marketplaces (Matt. Mat Mt) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Matthew 23:6
Top of Page
Top of Page